Document

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 13, 2021
Registration No. 333-            
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
Form F-3
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
 
 
Innate Pharma S.A.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Not Applicable
(Translation of registrant’s name into English)
 
 
 
France Not Applicable
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
Innate Pharma S.A.
117 Avenue de Luminy—BP 30191
13009 Marseille, France
+ 33 (0) 4 30 30 30 30
(Address and telephone number of registrant’s principal executive offices)
 
 
2273 Research Boulevard, Suite 350,
Rockville, MD 20850

(Name, address and telephone number of agent for service)
 
 
Copies of all communications, including communications sent to agent for service, should be sent to:
 
Bertrand Sénéchal
Linklaters LLP
25 rue de Marignan
75008 Paris, France
+33 1 56 43 56 43
 
Jeffrey Cohen
Linklaters LLP
1290 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10104
+1 212 903 9000
 
 



APPROXIMATE DATE OF COMMENCEMENT OF PROPOSED SALE TO THE PUBLIC: From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.
If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box.  ☐
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box.  ☒
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐
If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.C. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective on filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.C. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933.
Emerging growth company  ☒
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.  ☐
 
The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
 
 
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
 
 
Title of Each Class of
Securities to be Registered
 
Amount
to be
Registered(1)
 Proposed
Maximum
Aggregate
Price per Unit
 Proposed
Maximum
Aggregate
Offering Price
 Amount of
Registration Fee
Ordinary shares, €0.05 nominal value per share(2)
             (3)             (3) $200,000,000 $21,820
 
 

(1)
There are being registered hereunder such indeterminate number of ordinary shares as may be sold by the registrant from time to time at indeterminate prices, in U.S. dollars or the equivalent thereof denominated in foreign currencies, with the maximum aggregate offering price not to exceed $200,000,000. Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), the ordinary shares represented by American Depositary Shares, or ADSs, being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of ordinary shares as may be issuable with respect to the ordinary shares being registered hereunder as a result of stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.

(2)These ordinary shares are represented by ADSs, each of which represents one ordinary share of the registrant. ADSs issuable on deposit of the ordinary shares registered hereby have been registered pursuant to a separate registration statement on Form F-6 (File No.: 333-234063).

(3)Omitted pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act.
 
 
The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.
 
 




The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.
SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JANUARY 13, 2021

PROSPECTUS
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$200,000,000
Ordinary Shares
American Depositary Shares representing Ordinary Shares
 
This prospectus will allow us to issue, from time to time at prices and on terms to be determined at or prior to the time of the offering, up to $200,000,000 of our ordinary shares, including American Depositary Shares, or ADSs, representing ordinary shares.
This prospectus describes the general terms of these securities and the general manner in which these securities will be offered. We will provide you with the specific terms of any offering in one or more supplements to this prospectus. The prospectus supplements will also describe the specific manner in which these securities will be offered and may also supplement, update or amend information contained in this document. You should read this prospectus and any prospectus supplement, as well as any documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus or any prospectus supplement, carefully before you invest.
Our securities may be sold directly by us to you, through agents designated from time to time or to or through underwriters or dealers. For additional information on the methods of sale, you should refer to the section titled “Plan of Distribution” in this prospectus and in the applicable prospectus supplement. If any underwriters or agents are involved in the sale of our securities with respect to which this prospectus is being delivered, the names of such underwriters or agents and any applicable fees or commissions and over-allotment options will be set forth in a prospectus supplement. The price to the public of such securities and the net proceeds that we expect to receive from such sale will also be set forth in a prospectus supplement.
Our ADSs are listed on The Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “IPHA.” On January 12, 2021, the last reported sale price of our ADSs on The Nasdaq Global Select Market was $4.74 per ADS. The applicable prospectus supplement will contain information, where applicable, as to any other listing, if any, on The Nasdaq Global Select Market or any securities market or other securities exchange of the securities covered by the prospectus supplement. Prospective purchasers of our securities are urged to obtain current information as to the market prices of our securities, where applicable.
 



 
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, you should consider carefully the risks that we have described on page 14 of this prospectus under the caption “Risk Factors” and under the caption “Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 20-F incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We may also include specific risk factors in supplements to this prospectus under the caption “Risk Factors.” This prospectus may not be used to sell our securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
 
 

The date of this prospectus is January 13, 2021.





TABLE OF CONTENTS

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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form F-3 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, utilizing a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, we may offer ordinary shares, including ADSs representing our ordinary shares, in one or more offerings, with a total aggregate offering price of up to $200,000,000. This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities we may offer.
Each time we sell securities under this prospectus, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of that offering. We may also authorize one or more free writing prospectuses to be provided to you that may contain material information relating to these offerings. The prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus that we may authorize to be provided to you may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus or in any documents that we have incorporated by reference into this prospectus. You should read this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, together with the information incorporated herein by reference as described under the heading “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference,” before investing in any of the securities offered.
THIS PROSPECTUS MAY NOT BE USED TO CONSUMMATE A SALE OF SECURITIES UNLESS IT IS ACCOMPANIED BY A PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT.
Neither we, nor any agent, underwriter or dealer has authorized any person to give any information or to make any representation other than those contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any related free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. This prospectus, any applicable supplement to this prospectus or any related free writing prospectus do not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities other than the registered securities to which they relate, nor do this prospectus, any applicable supplement to this prospectus or any related free writing prospectus constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy securities in any jurisdiction to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation in such jurisdiction.
You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any related free writing prospectus is accurate on any date subsequent to the date set forth on the front of the document or that any information we have incorporated by reference is correct on any date subsequent to the date of the document incorporated by reference, even though this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any related free writing prospectus is delivered, or securities are sold, on a later date.
This prospectus and the information incorporated herein by reference contains summaries of certain provisions contained in some of the documents described herein, but reference is made to the actual documents for complete information. All of the summaries are qualified in their entirety by the actual documents. Copies of some of the documents referred to herein have been filed, will be filed or will be incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and you may obtain copies of those documents as described below under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information.”
Unless otherwise indicated in this prospectus, “Innate,” “the company,” “our company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Innate Pharma S.A. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
 



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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

The following summary highlights information contained elsewhere in this prospectus and does not contain all of the information that you need to consider in making your investment decision. We urge you to read this entire prospectus, including the more detailed consolidated financial statements, notes to the consolidated financial statements and other information incorporated by reference from our other filings with the SEC or included in any applicable prospectus supplement. Investing in our securities involves risks. Therefore, carefully consider the risk factors set forth in any prospectus supplements and in our most recent filings with the SEC including our Annual Reports on Form 20-F and reports on Form 6-K, as well as other information in this prospectus and any prospectus supplements and the documents incorporated by reference herein or therein, before purchasing our securities. Each of the risk factors could adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition, as well as adversely affect the value of an investment in our securities.

Company Overview
We are a biotechnology company focused on discovering, developing and commercializing first-in-class therapeutic antibodies designed to harness the immune system for the treatment of oncology indications with significant unmet medical need. We have extensive experience in research and development in immuno-oncology, having been pioneers in the understanding of natural killer cell, or NK cell, biology, and later expanding our expertise in the tumor microenvironment, tumor antigens and antibody engineering fields. We have built, internally and through our business development strategy, a broad and diversified portfolio including an approved product, three clinical product candidates and a robust preclinical pipeline. We have entered into collaborations with leaders in the biopharmaceutical industry, such as AstraZeneca and Sanofi, to leverage their development capabilities and expertise, and we have received upfront and milestone payments and equity investments. We believe our product candidates and clinical development approach are differentiated from current immuno-oncology therapies and have the potential to significantly improve the clinical outcome for patients with cancer.
 
Our Pipeline

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Corporate Information
We were incorporated on September 23, 1999 as a société par actions simplifiée and converted into a société anonyme, or S.A., on June 13, 2005. Our principal executive offices are located at 117, Avenue de Luminy, 13009 Marseille, France. We are registered at the Marseille Business and Company Registry (Registre du commerce et des sociétés) under the number SIREN 424 365 336 RCS Marseille. Our telephone number at our principal executive offices is +33 4 30 30 30 30. We have two wholly owned subsidiaries—Innate Pharma, Inc., a Delaware corporation incorporated in 2008, and Innate Pharma France SAS, a French société par actions simplifiée created in 2018.

Our address in the United States is 2273 Research Boulevard, Suite 350, Rockville, MD 20850. Our website address is www.innate-pharma.com. The reference to our website is an inactive textual reference only and information contained in, or that can be accessed through, our website is not part of this prospectus.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission maintains a website (www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding registrants, such as Innate, that file electronically with the SEC.

Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company
As a company with less than $1.07 billion in revenue during our last fiscal year, we qualify as an “emerging growth company” as defined in the JOBS Act. As an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of specified reduced disclosure and other requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include:  
the ability to present only two years of audited financial statements in addition to any required interim financial statements and correspondingly reduced disclosure in management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations in this prospectus or incorporated by reference;
exemption from the auditor attestation requirement of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, in the assessment of our internal controls over financial reporting; and
to the extent that we no longer qualify as a foreign private issuer, (i) reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements and (ii) exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation, including golden parachute compensation.
We may take advantage of these exemptions until such time that we are no longer an emerging growth company. We will cease to be an emerging growth company upon the earliest to occur of (i) the last day of the fiscal year in which we have more than $1.07 billion in annual revenue; (ii) the date we qualify as a “large accelerated filer” with at least $700 million of equity securities held by non-affiliates; (iii) the issuance, in any three year period, by our company of more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities held by non-affiliates; and (iv) the last day of the fiscal year ending after the fifth anniversary of our initial public offering of our ADSs.
We may choose to take advantage of some but not all of these reduced burdens. Accordingly, the information that we provide shareholders and holders of our ADSs may be different than you might obtain from other public companies.
In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can use the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. Given that we currently report and expect to continue to report under International Financial Reporting Standards, or IFRS, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, or IASB, we have irrevocably elected not to avail ourselves of this extended transition period and, as a result, we will adopt new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required by the IASB.


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Implications of Being a Foreign Private Issuer
We are also considered a “foreign private issuer” under U.S. securities laws. In our capacity as a foreign private issuer, we are exempt from certain rules under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) that impose certain disclosure obligations and procedural requirements for proxy solicitations under Section 14 of the Exchange Act. In addition, members of our Executive Board and Supervisory Board and our principal shareholders are exempt from the reporting and “short-swing” profit recovery provisions of Section 16 of the Exchange Act and the rules under the Exchange Act with respect to their purchases and sales of our securities. Moreover, we are not required to file periodic reports and financial statements with the SEC as frequently or as promptly as U.S. companies whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act. In addition, we are not required to comply with Regulation FD, which restricts the selective disclosure of material information.
We may take advantage of these exemptions until such time as we are no longer a foreign private issuer. We will remain a foreign private issuer until such time that more than 50% of our outstanding voting securities are held by U.S. residents and any of the following three circumstances applies: (i) the majority of our members of the Executive Board or Supervisory Board are U.S. citizens or residents; (ii) more than 50% of our assets are located in the United States; or (iii) our business is administered principally in the United States.
We have taken advantage of certain reduced reporting and other requirements in this prospectus or in documents incorporated by reference. Accordingly, the information contained herein may be different from the information you receive from other public companies.
The Securities We May Offer
Under this prospectus, we may offer ordinary shares, including ADSs representing our ordinary shares, with a total aggregate offering price of up to $200,000,000 from time to time at prices and on terms to be determined by market conditions at the time of the offering. This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities we may offer. Each time we offer a type or series of securities under this prospectus, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will describe the specific amounts, prices and other important terms of the securities, including, to the extent applicable:
 
designation or classification;
aggregate principal amount or aggregate offering price;
maturity, if applicable;
rates and times of payment of interest or dividends, if any;
redemption, conversion or sinking fund terms, if any;
voting or other rights, if any; and
conversion or exercise prices, if any.

The prospectus supplement also may add, update or change information contained in this prospectus or in documents we have incorporated by reference into this prospectus. However, no prospectus supplement will fundamentally change the terms that are set forth in this prospectus or offer a security that is not registered and described in this prospectus at the time of its effectiveness.

We may sell the securities directly to investors or to or through agents, underwriters or dealers. We, and our agents or underwriters, reserve the right to accept or reject all or part of any proposed purchase of securities. If we offer securities through agents or underwriters, we will include in the applicable prospectus supplement:



3



 
the names of those agents or underwriters;
applicable fees and commissions to be paid to them;
details regarding over-allotment options, if any; and
the net proceeds to us.
This prospectus may not be used to consummate a sale of any securities unless it is accompanied by a prospectus supplement.



























4


TRADEMARKS
“Innate Pharma,” the Innate Pharma logo, Lumoxiti and other trademarks or service marks of Innate Pharma S.A. appearing in this prospectus or incorporated by reference are the property of Innate Pharma S.A. or its subsidiaries. Solely for convenience, the trademarks, service marks and trade names referred to in this prospectus or incorporated by reference are listed without the ® and ™ symbols, but such references should not be construed as any indicator that their respective owners will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, their right thereto. All other trademarks, trade names and service marks appearing in this prospectus or incorporated by reference are the property of their respective owners. We do not intend to use or display other companies’ trademarks and trade names to imply any relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies.
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RISK FACTORS
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully review the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” contained in the applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, and under similar headings in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2019 as updated by our subsequent filings, which are incorporated by reference into this prospectus, before deciding whether to purchase any of the securities being registered pursuant to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Each of the risk factors could adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows, as well as adversely affect the value of an investment in our securities, and the occurrence of any of these risks might cause you to lose all or part of your investment. Additional risks not presently known to us or that we currently believe are immaterial may also significantly impair our business operations.
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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference contain forward-looking statements. These are based on our management’s current beliefs, expectations and assumptions about future events, conditions and results and on information currently available to us. Discussions containing these forward-looking statements may be found, among other places, in the sections titled “Information on the Company,” “Risk Factors” and “Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” incorporated by reference from our most recent Annual Report on Form 20-F, as well as any amendments thereto, filed with the SEC.
All statements other than present and historical facts and conditions contained in this prospectus or incorporated herein, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy, plans and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. When used in this prospectus, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “can,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “is designed to,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “objective,” “should,” or the negative of these and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:
the prospects of attaining, maintaining and expanding marketing authorization for monalizumab, lacutamab and our other product candidates;
the initiation, timing, progress and results of our preclinical studies and clinical trials and those conducted by third parties, including our collaborator AstraZeneca;
our ability to successfully develop and advance our pipeline of product candidates;
the timing or likelihood of regulatory filings and approvals;
our ability to contract with third-party suppliers and manufacturers and their ability to perform adequately;
our commercialization of Lumoxiti, including the expected transitioning of commercialization activities in the United States from AstraZeneca to us commenced in mid-2019, and any of our product candidates, if approved, for which we retain commercialization rights;
future agreements with third parties in connection with the commercialization of our product candidates and any other approved product;
our ability to develop sales and marketing capabilities and transition into a commercial-stage company;
the pricing and reimbursement of Lumoxiti and our product candidates, if approved;
the effects of increased competition as well as innovations by new and existing competitors in our industry;
our ability to obtain funding for our operations;
our ability to obtain, maintain, protect and enforce our intellectual property rights and propriety technologies and to operate our business without infringing the intellectual property rights and proprietary technology of third parties;
regulatory developments in the United States, Europe and other countries;
costs of compliance and our failure to comply with new and existing governmental regulations including, but not limited to, tax regulations;
statements regarding future revenue, hiring plans, expenses, capital expenditures, capital requirements and stock performance;
our expected use of proceeds of the October 2019 global offering;
the impact of COVID-19 on our business, financial condition and results of operations; and
other risks and uncertainties, including those listed in the section of this prospectus titled “Risk Factors.”
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You should refer to the “Risk Factors” section contained in the applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, and under similar headings in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus for a discussion of important factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements. As a result of these factors, we cannot assure you that the forward-looking statements in this prospectus will prove to be accurate. Furthermore, if our forward-looking statements prove to be inaccurate, the inaccuracy may be material. In light of the significant uncertainties in these forward-looking statements, you should not regard these statements as a representation or warranty by us or any other person that we will achieve our objectives and plans in any specified time frame or at all. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, do not protect any forward-looking statements that we make in connection with this prospectus.
In addition, statements that “we believe” and similar statements reflect our beliefs and opinions on the relevant subject. These statements are based upon information available to us as of the date of this prospectus, and while we believe such information forms a reasonable basis for such statements, such information may be limited or incomplete, and our statements should not be read to indicate that we have conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all potentially available relevant information. These statements are inherently uncertain and investors are cautioned not to unduly rely upon these statements.
You should read this prospectus and the documents that we reference in this prospectus and have filed as exhibits to this prospectus completely and with the understanding that our actual future results, levels of activity, performance and events and circumstances may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
Unless otherwise indicated, information contained in this prospectus or incorporated by reference concerning our industry and the markets in which we operate, including our general expectations and market position, market opportunity and market size estimates, is based on information from independent industry analysts, third-party sources and management estimates. Management estimates are derived from publicly available information released by independent industry analysts and third-party sources, as well as data from our internal research, and are based on assumptions made by us based on such data and our knowledge of such industry and market, which we believe to be reasonable. In addition, while we believe the market opportunity information included in this prospectus or incorporated by reference is generally reliable and is based on reasonable assumptions, such data involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, including those discussed under the section titled “Risk Factors.” of this prospectus.
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OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

We may sell from time to time pursuant to this prospectus (as may be detailed in a prospectus supplement) an indeterminate number of ordinary shares, including ADSs representing our ordinary shares, as shall have a maximum aggregate offering price of up to $200,000,000. The actual price per share or per security of the securities that we will offer pursuant hereto will depend on a number of factors that may be relevant as of the time of offer. See “Plan of Distribution.”
9




 
CAPITALIZATION

The following table presents our total capitalization and cash and cash equivalents as of June 30, 2020. You should read the financial data in the following table in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes incorporated by reference into this prospectus. The information presented in the capitalization table below is unaudited.
   As of June 30, 2020
   Actual 
   (in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents  131,542
Short-term investments   16,199
    
Total cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments  147,741
    
Financial liabilities—current portion   (2,035)
Financial liabilities—non-current portion   (16,781)
    
Total financial liabilities   (18,816)
    
Share capital  
Ordinary and preferred shares, €0.05 nominal value: 78,898,264 ordinary shares, 6,926 “2016” preferred shares and 7,581 “2017” preferred shares issued and outstanding, actual; 78,898,264 ordinary shares, 6,926 “2016” preferred shares and 7,581 “2017” preferred shares issued and outstanding, as adjusted.   3,946
Share premium   370,440
Retained earnings   (155,719)
Other reserves   (568)
Net income (loss)   (10,334)
    
Total shareholders’ equity  207,764
    
Total capitalization  333,066
 



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OFFER AND LISTING DETAILS

We may sell from time to time pursuant to this prospectus (as may be detailed in a prospectus supplement) an indeterminate number of ordinary shares, including ADSs representing our ordinary shares, as shall have a maximum aggregate offering price of up to $200,000,000. The actual price per share or per security of the securities that we will offer pursuant hereto will depend on a number of factors that may be relevant as of the time of offer. See “Plan of Distribution.”
Our ADSs have been listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “IPHA” since October 18, 2019. Our ordinary shares have been listed on Euronext Paris under the symbol “IPH” since 2006. Prior to that date, there was no public trading market for our ADSs or our ordinary shares.
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USE OF PROCEEDS

We will retain broad discretion over the use of the net proceeds from the sale of the securities offered hereby. Except as described in any applicable prospectus supplement or in any free writing prospectuses that we may authorize to be provided to you in connection with a specific offering, we currently intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities offered hereby primarily to fund the research and development of our product candidates, for working capital and for general corporate purposes. We may also use a portion of the net proceeds to invest in or acquire businesses or technologies that we believe are complementary to our own, although we have no current plans, commitments or agreements with respect to any acquisitions as of the date of this prospectus. We will set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus our intended use for the net proceeds received from the sale of any securities sold pursuant to the prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. Pending these uses, we intend to invest the net proceeds in investment-grade, interest-bearing securities.
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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

We may offer securities under this prospectus from time to time pursuant to underwritten public offerings, negotiated transactions, block trades or a combination of these methods. We may sell the securities (1) through underwriters or dealers, (2) through agents or (3) directly to one or more purchasers, or through a combination of such methods. We may distribute the securities from time to time in one or more transactions at:
a fixed price or prices, which may be changed from time to time;
market prices prevailing at the time of sale;
prices related to the prevailing market prices; or
negotiated prices.
We may directly solicit offers to purchase the securities being offered by this prospectus. We may also designate agents to solicit offers to purchase the securities from time to time, and may enter into arrangements for “at-the-market,” equity line or similar transactions. We will name in a prospectus supplement any underwriter or agent involved in the offer or sale of the securities.
If we utilize a dealer in the sale of the securities being offered by this prospectus, we will sell the securities to the dealer, as principal. The dealer may then resell the securities to the public at varying prices to be determined by the dealer at the time of resale.
If we utilize an underwriter in the sale of the securities being offered by this prospectus, we will execute an underwriting agreement with the underwriter at the time of sale, and we will provide the name of any underwriter in the prospectus supplement which the underwriter will use to make resales of the securities to the public. In connection with the sale of the securities, we, or the purchasers of the securities for whom the underwriter may act as agent, may compensate the underwriter in the form of underwriting commissions. The underwriter may sell the securities to or through dealers, and the underwriter may compensate those dealers in the form of concessions or commissions.
With respect to underwritten public offerings, negotiated transactions and block trades, we will provide in the applicable prospectus supplement information regarding any compensation we pay to underwriters, dealers or agents in connection with the offering of the securities, and any concessions or commissions allowed by underwriters to participating dealers. Underwriters, dealers and agents participating in the distribution of the securities may be deemed to be underwriters within the meaning of the Securities Act, and any commissions received by them and any profit realized by them on resale of the securities may be deemed to be underwriting commissions. We may enter into agreements to indemnify underwriters, dealers and agents against civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribute to payments they may be required to make in respect thereof.
If so indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will authorize underwriters, dealers or other persons acting as our agents to solicit offers by certain institutions to purchase securities from us pursuant to delayed delivery contracts providing for payment and delivery on the date stated in each applicable prospectus supplement. Each contract will be for an amount not less than, and the aggregate amount of securities sold pursuant to such contracts shall not be less nor more than, the respective amounts stated in each applicable prospectus supplement. Institutions with whom the contracts, when authorized, may be made include commercial and savings banks, insurance companies, pension funds, investment companies, educational and charitable institutions and other institutions, but shall in all cases be subject to our approval. Delayed delivery contracts will not be subject to any conditions except that:
the purchase by an institution of the securities covered under that contract shall not at the time of delivery be prohibited under the laws of the jurisdiction to which that institution is subject; and
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if the securities are also being sold to underwriters acting as principals for their own account, the underwriters shall have purchased such securities not sold for delayed delivery. The underwriters and other persons acting as our agents will not have any responsibility in respect of the validity or performance of delayed delivery contracts.
One or more firms, referred to as “remarketing firms,” may also offer or sell the securities, if a prospectus supplement so indicates, in connection with a remarketing arrangement upon their purchase. Remarketing firms will act as principals for their own accounts or as our agents. These remarketing firms will offer or sell the securities in accordance with the terms of the securities. Each prospectus supplement will identify and describe any remarketing firm and the terms of its agreement, if any, with us and will describe the remarketing firm’s compensation. Remarketing firms may be deemed to be underwriters in connection with the securities they remarket. Remarketing firms may be entitled under agreements that may be entered into with us to indemnification by us against certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, and may be customers of, engage in transactions with or perform services for us in the ordinary course of business.
Certain underwriters may use this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement for offers and sales related to market-making transactions in the securities. These underwriters may act as principal or agent in these transactions, and the sales will be made at prices related to prevailing market prices at the time of sale. Any underwriters involved in the sale of the securities may qualify as “underwriters” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(11) of the Securities Act. In addition, the underwriters’ commissions or concessions may qualify as underwriters’ compensation under the Securities Act and the rules of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., or FINRA.
ADSs representing our ordinary shares sold pursuant to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part will be authorized for listing and trading on The Nasdaq Global Select Market. The applicable prospectus supplement will contain information, where applicable, as to any other listing, if any, on The Nasdaq Global Select Market or any securities market or other securities exchange of the securities covered by the prospectus supplement. Underwriters may make a market in our ADSs, but will not be obligated to do so and may discontinue any market making at any time without notice. We can make no assurance as to the liquidity of or the existence, development or maintenance of trading markets for any of the securities.
In order to facilitate the offering of the securities, certain persons participating in the offering may engage in transactions that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of the securities. This may include over-allotments or short sales of the securities, which involve the sale by persons participating in the offering of more securities than we sold to them. In these circumstances, these persons would cover such over-allotments or short positions by making purchases in the open market or by exercising their over-allotment option. In addition, these persons may stabilize or maintain the price of the securities by bidding for or purchasing the applicable security in the open market or by imposing penalty bids, whereby selling concessions allowed to dealers participating in the offering may be reclaimed if the securities sold by them are repurchased in connection with stabilization transactions. The effect of these transactions may be to stabilize or maintain the market price of the securities at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market. These transactions may be discontinued at any time.
The underwriters, dealers and agents may engage in other transactions with us, or perform other services for us, in the ordinary course of their business.
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DESCRIPTION OF SHARE CAPITAL

The following description of our share capital summarizes certain provisions of our bylaws. Such summaries do not purport to be complete and are subject to, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, all of the provisions of our bylaws, a copy of which has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.
General
The following description of our share capital summarizes certain provisions of our bylaws. Such summaries do not purport to be complete and are subject to, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, all of the provisions of our bylaws, a copy of which has been filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement of which this prospectus forms a part.
As of June 30, 2020, our outstanding share capital consisted of a total of 78,898,264 ordinary shares with a nominal value of €0.05 per share and 13353 preferred shares (6,680 “2016” free preferred shares and 6,673 “2017” free preferred shares) with a nominal value of €0.05 per share. As of June 30, 2020, we had the following equity warrants, redeemable share subscription warrants, and free shares and convertible preferred shares outstanding:
309,500 ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of share warrants (BSA) outstanding as of June 30, 2020 at a weighted average exercise price of €6.57 per ordinary share;
1,362,322 ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of redeemable share warrants (BSAAR) outstanding as of June 30, 2020 at a weighted average exercise price of €6.00 per ordinary share;
667,300 ordinary shares issuable upon conversion of 6,673 free preferred shares (AGAP 2017) outstanding as of June 30, 2020 assuming all related performance and presence conditions are met;
82,376 ordinary shares issuable upon the vesting of free shares (AGA) outstanding as of June 30, 2020; and
811,400 ordinary shares issuable upon conversion of 6,680 free preferred shares (AGAP 2016) as of June 30, 2020 assuming all performance and presence conditions are met.
490,000 ordinary shares issuable upon definitive acquisition of 490,000 free performance shares 2018 (AGA de Performance 2018) as of December 31, 2019, assuming all performance and presence conditions are met; and
830,600 ordinary shares issuable upon definitive acquisition of 830,600 free performance shares 2019 (AGA de Performance 2019) as of December 31, 2019, assuming all performance and presence conditions are met.
Under French law, our bylaws set forth only our issued and outstanding share capital as of the date of the bylaws. Our fully diluted share capital represents all issued and outstanding ordinary shares, as well as all potential ordinary shares which may be issued upon exercise of outstanding equity warrants and redeemable share subscription warrants and following the vesting of free shares, as approved by our shareholders and granted by our Executive Board.
As of June 30, 2020, our share capital as set forth in our bylaws is €3,945,639, representing 78,898,264 ordinary shares with a nominal value of €0.05 per share and 14,507 preferred shares (6,926 “2016” free preferred shares and 7,581 “2017” free preferred shares) with a nominal value of €0.05. An increase of our share capital may only be approved by an extraordinary meeting of shareholders or as delegated to the Executive Board by an extraordinary meeting of shareholders.
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Reconciliation of the Number of Ordinary Shares Outstanding through June 30, 2020

Ordinary
Shares
Ordinary Shares outstanding at December 31, 201757,600,100
Number of ordinary shares issued in connection with the exercise of warrants50,000
Number of ordinary shares issued in connection with the vesting of free shares22,055
Number of ordinary shares issued in connection with purchase by MedImmune Limited6,260,500
Ordinary Shares outstanding at December 31, 201863,932,655
Number of ordinary shares issued with the vesting of free shares477,059
Number of ordinary shares issued in connection with the exercise of warrants27,250
Number of ordinary shares issued in connection with a capital increase reserved to categories of investors14,375,000
Conversion of AGAP 2016 into ordinary shares650
Ordinary Shares outstanding at December 31, 201978,812,614
Number of ordinary shares issued with the vesting of free shares85,650
Ordinary Shares outstanding at June 30, 202078,898,264

Shareholder Authorizations Regarding Share Capital
At a combined general meeting of shareholders held on May 19, 2020, our board of directors received the following authorizations from shareholders:
delegation of authority to the Executive Board for the purpose of issuing ordinary company shares and/or of securities giving access to the share capital of Innate, with shareholders’ preferential subscription rights;
delegation of authority to the Executive Board for the purpose of issuing ordinary company shares and/or of securities giving access to the share capital of Innate, without shareholders’ preferential subscription rights, through a public offering;
delegation of authority to the Executive Board for the purpose of issuing, without shareholders’ preferential subscription rights, ordinary shares of Innate and/or securities giving access to the share capital of Innate, through an offering as described in paragraph 1° of Article L.411-2 of the French Monetary and Financial Code;
determination of the issuance price, up to the limit of 10% of the share capital per annum, of the ordinary shares and/or of securities giving access to the share capital of Innate, in the event of the suppression of shareholders’ preferential subscription rights;
delegation of authority to the Executive Board for the purpose of issuing of ordinary company shares and /or of securities giving access to the share capital of Innate, without shareholders’ preferential subscription rights and reserved for certain categories of investors;
authorization granted to the Executive Board to increase of 15% the number of securities to be issued in the event of a share capital increase with or without shareholders’ preferential subscription rights;
delegation of authority to the Executive Board for the purpose of issuing ordinary shares and/or securities giving access to the share capital of Innate, as compensation for contributions in kind comprised of equity securities or securities giving access to the share capital;
delegation of authority to the Executive Board for the purpose of issuing ordinary shares and/or securities giving access to the share capital of Innate, in the event of a public exchange offer initiated by Innate; and
delegation of authority to the Executive Board for the purpose of issuing ordinary shares and/or securities giving access to the share capital of Innate for the benefit of the members of a company savings plan.
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History of Securities Issuances
From January 1, 2017 through June 30, 2020, the following events have changed the number of our issued and outstanding ordinary shares:
On January 24, 2017, we issued an aggregate of 38,950 ordinary shares to executive managers in connection with the exercise of redeemable share warrants and share warrants, for aggregate gross proceeds of €327,144.
On February 10, 2017, we issued an aggregate of 50,500 ordinary shares to employees and executive managers in connection with the exercise of redeemable share warrants and share warrants, for aggregate gross proceeds of €119,020.
On June 14, 2017, we issued an aggregate of 1,850 ordinary shares to employees in connection with the exercise of redeemable share warrants, for aggregate gross proceeds of €3,774.
On October 21, 2017, we issued an aggregate of 98,770 ordinary shares and 3,931 free preferred shares to employees and executive managers in connection with the vesting of free shares (AGA 2016-1 and AGAP 2016-1), for aggregate gross proceeds of €5,135.05.
On December 30, 2017, we issued an aggregate of 144,978 ordinary shares and 3,000 free preferred shares to employees and executive managers in connection with the vesting of free shares (AGA 2016-2 and AGAP 2016-2), for aggregate gross proceeds of €7,398.90.
On April 3, 2018, we issued an aggregate of 5,725 free preferred shares (AGAP 2017-1) to employees convertible into 572,500 ordinary shares.
On April 3, 2018, we issued an aggregate of 2,400 free preferred shares (AGAP 2017-1) to executive managers convertible into 240,000 ordinary shares.
On April 3, 2018, we issued an aggregate of 114,500 free shares (AGA 2017-1) to employees.
On November 20, 2018, we issued an aggregate of 327,500 performance free shares (AGA Performance 2018-1) to employees.
On November 20, 2018, we issued an aggregate of 260,000 performance free shares (AGA Performance 2018-1) to executive managers.
On July 3, 2018, we allocated an aggregate of 67,028 bonus free shares (AGA Bonus 2018-1) to executive managers.
On September 20, 2018, we issued an aggregate of 22,055 ordinary shares to executive managers in connection with the vesting of free shares (AGA Bonus 2017-1), for aggregate gross proceeds of €1,102.75.
On October 25, 2018, we issued an aggregate of 6,260,500 ordinary shares to MedImmune Limited, at a purchase price of €10.00 per share.
On November 29, 2018, we issued an aggregate of 50,000 ordinary shares to employees and executive managers in connection with the exercise of share warrants, for aggregate gross proceeds of €2,500.
On April 18, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 111,250 ordinary shares and 7,581 preferred shares to employees and executive managers in connection with the exercise of redeemable share warrants and the vesting of free shares (AGA 2017-1 and AGAP 2017-1), for aggregate gross proceeds of €5,941.55.
On July 3, 2019, we allocated an aggregate of 57,376 bonus free shares (AGA Bonus 2019-1) to executive managers.
On July 17, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 66,559 ordinary shares to executive managers in connection with the vesting of free shares (AGA Bonus 2018-1) for aggregate gross proceeds of €3,327.95.
On July 17, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 25,000 ordinary shares to a supervisory board member in connection with the exercise of share warrants (BSA), for aggregate gross proceeds of €44,250.00.
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On October 29, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 50,000 ordinary shares to an executive manager in connection with the vesting of free shares (AGA Dirigeants 2016-1) for an aggregate gross proceeds of €2,500.
On November 4, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 546,700 performance free shares (AGA Performance 2019-1) to employees.
On November 4, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 355,000 performance free shares (AGA Performance 2019-1) to executive managers.
On January 27, 2020, we issued an aggregate of 250,000 ordinary shares to an executive manager in connection with the vesting of free shares (AGA Dirigeants 2016-2) for an aggregate gross proceeds of €12,500.
On January 27, 2020, we issued an aggregate of 1,500 ordinary shares to an employee in connection with the exercise of share warrants (BSAAR) for an aggregate gross proceeds of €3,060.
On January 27, 2020, we issued an aggregate of 650 ordinary shares to an employee in connection with the conversion of preferred shares (AGAP 2016-1) for an aggregate gross proceeds of €32.5.
On January, 28, 2020, we issued an aggregate of 85,650 ordinary shares to employees in connection with the vesting of free shares (AGA Salariés 2018-1) for an aggregate gross proceeds of €4,282.5.
From January 1, 2016 through June 30, 2020, an aggregate of 67,640 redeemable share warrants (BSAAR) were exercised at prices ranging from €2.04 to €7.20 per ordinary share. Pursuant to these exercises, we issued an aggregate of 67,640 ordinary shares.
From January 1, 2016 through June 30, 2020, an aggregate of 188,200 share warrants (BSA) were exercised at prices ranging from €1.77 to €8.65 per ordinary share. Pursuant to these exercises, we issued an aggregate of 188,200 ordinary shares.
From January 1, 2016 through June 30, 2020, an aggregate of 14,512 free preferred shares (AGAP) were vested. Pursuant to these free preferred shares vesting, we issued an aggregate of 6,931 preferred shares 2016 and 7,581 preferred shares 2017.
From January 1, 2016 through June 30, 2020, an aggregate of 895,071 free shares (AGA) were vested. Pursuant to these free shares vesting, we issued an aggregate of 895,071 ordinary shares.
Key Provisions of Our Bylaws and French Law Affecting Our Ordinary Shares
The description below reflects the terms of our bylaws and summarizes the material rights of holders of our ordinary shares under French law. Please note that this is only a summary and is not intended to be exhaustive. For further information, please refer to the full text of our bylaws, a copy of which has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.
Business Purpose (Article 4 of the Bylaws)
Our business purpose, directly or indirectly, in France or other countries is to:
perform, for our self or on behalf of third parties, any and all operations involving research, development, studies, perfecting of production processes and marketing products of pharmaceutical interest;
register or grant any patents or licenses relating directly or indirectly to our business; and
more generally, perform any operation of any kind, whether economic, legal, financial, civil or commercial, which may be directly or indirectly related to our business purpose or any similar, associated or complementary purpose.



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Executive Board (Articles 14 to 16 of the Bylaws)
The Executive Board is responsible for our management and is composed of a minimum of two members and a maximum of five members who perform their duties under the supervision of the Supervisory Board.
Members of the Executive Board
The members of the Executive Board are appointed or have their appointments renewed by the Supervisory Board. The members of the Executive Board must be individuals. They are not required to be shareholders. They may be French citizens or citizens of other countries. Members of the Executive Board cannot be members of the Supervisory Board.
The maximum age for being a member of the Executive Board and the limitations on having such an appointment concurrently with an appointment in another company are subject to the applicable legal and regulatory provisions.
The term of office for the members of the Executive Board is three years and may be renewed. If there is a vacancy, the Supervisory Board must fill the vacancy within two months. The replacement is appointed for the time remaining until the Executive Board is up for renewal.
The members of the Executive Board may be removed from office, with or without cause and without notice, by the Supervisory Board or at any General Meeting of shareholders, by a simple majority vote of the shareholders present and voting at the meeting in person or by proxy.
Chairman of the Executive Board
The Supervisory Board elects a Chairman from among the members of the Executive Board to serve for the duration of his appointment as a member of the Executive Board. The Chairman of the Executive Board represents us in our relations with third parties.
The Supervisory Board may assign this power of representation to one or more other members of the Executive Board. Assignees have the title of General Manager.
Meetings and Powers of the Executive Board
The Executive Board meets as often as is in our interest, but at least once per quarter. Meetings are called by the Chairman or a member of the Executive Board appointed for this purpose.
At least three-quarters of the members of the Executive Board must be effectively present to constitute a quorum and decisions are made by a majority of the members of the Executive Board present or represented. Each member has one vote. In case of equality of expressed votes either in favour or against a decision (abstentions are not taken into account), the Chairman of the Executive Board has a casting vote.
The Executive Board has broad power to act under all circumstances on our behalf. It exercises this power within the limits of our business purpose and subject to any powers expressly given to the Supervisory Board and Shareholders’ Meetings by law and according to our bylaws, and abiding by any restrictions on powers decided by the Supervisory Board. There are currently no limits imposed on the amounts of loans or borrowings that the Executive Board may approve.
Compensation of the Executive Board
The method and amount of compensation for each member of the Executive Board is determined by the Supervisory Board when appointing such member.
Supervisory Board (Articles 17 to 21 of the Bylaws)
Members of the Supervisory Board
The Executive Board is supervised by a Supervisory Board made up of a minimum of three members and a maximum of eighteen. The members of the Supervisory Board are appointed for a renewable term of two years at the General Meeting of shareholders, which may revoke their appointments at any time. The appointees are selected
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from among the shareholders and may be individuals or companies. Each member must own at least one of our ordinary shares for the entire term of the appointment. Members of the Supervisory Board cannot be members of the Executive Board.
The number of members of the Supervisory Board who have reached the age of seventy years cannot be higher than a third of the members of the Supervisory Board. If the age limitation is exceeded, the eldest member is deemed to have resigned automatically.
Chairman of the Supervisory Board
The Supervisory Board appoints from its members who are individuals a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman, who are in charge of convening the Supervisory Board and leading the debates.
In a report to the General Meeting of shareholders attached to the Executive Board’s Management Report, the Chairman of the Supervisory Board reports on the conditions for preparing and organizing the work of the Supervisory Board as well as the internal control procedures set up by us.
Meetings and Powers of the Supervisory Board
The Supervisory Board meets as often as is in our interests but least once per quarter. Meetings are called by the Chairman or Vice-Chairman, or by a member of the Executive Board or one-third of the members of the Supervisory Board, under the circumstances and according to the conditions set forth in the bylaws.
At least half of the members of the Supervisory Board must be present to constitute a quorum and decisions are made by a majority of the members of the Supervisory Board present or represented, it being specified that in a case of a split-vote, the Chairman of the Supervisory Board shall have the deciding vote.
The Supervisory Board exercises permanent control over our management by the Executive Board and the powers explicitly conferred on it by the French laws. It alone has the authority to authorize certain significant transactions.
Under French law, any agreement entered into, directly or through an intermediary, between us and one of the members of the Executive Board or Supervisory Board, or a shareholder that holds over 10% of the voting rights, or, if such shareholder is a company, the controlling company thereof, must be subject to prior authorization from the Supervisory Board. The interested member cannot vote on such decision. The same applies to agreements in which a person referred above has an indirect interest. Such prior authorization also applies to agreements between us and another company if one of the members of our Executive Board or Supervisory Board is the owner, a partner with unlimited liability, manager, director, managing director, member of the Executive Board or of the Supervisory Board, or, in a general manner is in a position of responsibility within the other company. These provisions are not applicable to agreements concerning day-to-day operations entered into under normal conditions.
Compensation of the Supervisory Board
Compensation for attendance at board meetings (jetons de présence) is determined at the annual ordinary General Meeting. The General Meeting of shareholders may allocate an annual fixed sum and our Supervisory Board allocates this sum among its members as it sees fit. In addition, the Supervisory Board may allocate exceptional compensation (rémunération exceptionnelle) for missions or mandates entrusted to its members; in this case, this remuneration is subject to the provisions regarding related-parties agreements.
Committees
The Supervisory Board may decide to establish committees responsible for reviewing matters which the Supervisory Board or its Chairman wish to submit to them for examination and advice.
Shareholders’ Censors (Article 23 of the Bylaws)
At the General Meeting of shareholders, one or more shareholders’ observers may be appointed, at the discretion of the shareholders for a term of office expiring at the shareholders meeting convened to decide on the financial statements for the preceding financial year after the first anniversary date of their appointment. Shareholders’ observers may be individuals or companies and are not required to be shareholders.
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The observers attend all Supervisory Board meetings, with the right to speak but not to vote. They hold the same information and communication rights than the Supervisory Board’s members and they are bound to the same confidentiality obligations.
Rights and Obligations Attached to Ordinary Shares (Articles 12 and 41 of the Bylaws)
Each of our ordinary shares gives the right to a share of the profits and assets in proportion to the amount of capital it represents. It also gives the right to vote and be represented in the General Meeting of shareholders under the conditions set forth by the law and the bylaws.
If we are liquidated, any assets remaining after payment of the debts, liquidation expenses and all of the remaining obligations will first be used to repay in full the par value of our ordinary shares. Any surplus will be distributed pro rata among shareholders in proportion to the number of ordinary shares respectively held by them, taking into account, where applicable, of the rights attached to ordinary shares of different classes.
Shareholders are liable for corporate liabilities only up to the par value of the ordinary shares they hold; they are not liable to further capital calls.
We have not issued any ordinary shares giving holders privileged rights compared to those attached to other ordinary shares. See the section of this prospectus titled “Management—Equity Incentives” for a description of the Free Preferred Shares (AGAP) granted to the company’s management and employees.
Shareholders’ rights may be modified as allowed by French law. Only the extraordinary shareholders’ meeting is authorized to amend any and all provisions of our bylaws. It may not, however, increase shareholder commitments without the prior approval of each shareholder.
Voting Rights (Article 12 of the Bylaws)
The voting rights attached to the ordinary shares are in proportion to the amount of capital they represent and each share gives the right to one vote. There is no double voting right attached to the ordinary shares. The ownership of a share implies, ipso facto, the acceptance of our bylaws and any decision of our shareholders.
Under French law, treasury shares or ordinary shares held by entities controlled by us are not entitled to voting rights and do not count for quorum purposes.
They is no limitation on voting rights in our bylaws nor limit the right of non-residents of France or non-French persons to own or, where applicable, to vote our securities.
Under French law, the holders of warrants of the same class (i.e., warrants that were issued at the same time and with the same rights), including founders’ warrants, are entitled to vote as a separate class at a general meeting of that class of warrant holders under certain circumstances, principally in connection with any proposed modification of the terms and conditions of the class of warrants or any proposed issuance of preferred shares or any modification of the rights of any outstanding class or series of preferred shares.
Dividends (Article 41 of the Bylaws)
We may only distribute dividends out of our distributable profits, plus any amounts held in our reserves that the shareholders decide to make available for distribution, other than those reserves that are specifically required by law. The conditions for payment of dividends in cash shall be set at the shareholders’ meeting.
“Distributable Profits” consist of our statutory net profit in each fiscal year, calculated in accordance with accounting standards applicable in France, as increased or reduced by any profit or loss carried forward from prior years, less any contributions to the reserve accounts. Pursuant to French law, we must allocate at least 5% of our statutory net profit for each year to our legal reserve fund before dividends may be paid with respect to that year. Such allocation is compulsory until the amount in the legal reserve is equal to 10% of the aggregate par value of our issued and outstanding share capital.
Dividends are distributed to shareholders pro rata according to their respective holdings of ordinary shares. In the case of interim dividends, distributions are made to shareholders on the date set by our Executive Board during the meeting in which the distribution of interim dividends is approved. The actual dividend payment date is decided by
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the shareholders at an ordinary general shareholders’ meeting or by our Executive Board in the absence of such a decision by the shareholders. Shareholders that own ordinary shares on the actual payment date are entitled to the dividend.
Pursuant to French law, dividends must be paid within a maximum of nine months after the close of the relevant fiscal year, unless extended by court order. Dividends not claimed within five years after the payment date shall be deemed to expire and revert to the French state.
Shareholders may be granted an option to receive dividends in cash or in ordinary shares, in accordance with legal conditions.
Change in Share Capital (Article 7 of the Bylaws)
Any change to the capital or the rights attached to the ordinary shares is subject to legal provisions, as our bylaws do not set forth any particular requirements.
Increase in Share Capital
Pursuant to French law, our share capital may be increased only with shareholders’ approval at an extraordinary general shareholders’ meeting following the recommendation of our Executive Board. The shareholders may delegate to our Executive Board either the authority (délégation de compétence) or the power (délégation de pouvoir) to carry out any increase in share capital.
Increases in our share capital may be effected by:
issuing additional shares;
increasing the nominal value of existing shares;
creating a new class of equity securities (preference shares); and
exercising the rights attached to securities giving access to the share capital.
Increases in share capital by issuing additional securities may be effected through one or a combination of the following issuances:
in consideration for cash;
in consideration for assets contributed in kind;
through an exchange offer or merger;
by conversion of previously issued debt instruments;
by exercise of the rights attached to securities giving access to the share capital;
by capitalization of profits, reserves or share premium; and
subject to certain conditions, by way of offset against debt incurred by us.
Decisions to increase the share capital through the capitalization of reserves, profits and/or share premium require shareholders’ approval at an extraordinary general shareholders’ meeting, acting under the quorum and majority requirements applicable to ordinary shareholders’ meetings. Increases effected by an increase in the nominal value of shares require unanimous approval of the shareholders, unless effected by capitalization of reserves, profits or share premium. All other capital increases require shareholders’ approval at an extraordinary general shareholders’ meeting acting under the regular quorum and majority requirements for such meetings.
Reduction in Share Capital
Pursuant to French law, any reduction in our share capital requires shareholders’ approval at an extraordinary general shareholders’ meeting following the recommendation of our Executive Board. The share capital may be reduced either by decreasing the nominal value of the outstanding shares or by reducing the number of outstanding shares. The number of outstanding shares may be reduced by the repurchase and cancellation of shares. Holders of
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each class of shares must be treated equally unless each affected shareholder agrees otherwise, depending on the contemplated operations.
Preferential Subscription Rights
According to French law, if we issue additional securities for cash, current shareholders will have preferential subscription rights to these securities on a pro rata basis. Preferential subscription rights entitle the individual or entity that holds them to subscribe pro rata based on the number of shares held by them to the issuance of any securities increasing, or that may result in an increase of, our share capital by means of a cash payment or a set-off of cash debts. Pursuant to French law, the preferential subscription rights are transferable during a period equivalent to the subscription period relating to a particular offering but starting two days prior to the opening of the subscription period and ending two days prior to the closing of the subscription period.
The preferential subscription rights with respect to any particular offering may be waived at an extraordinary general meeting by a two-thirds vote of our shareholders or individually by each shareholder.
Our Executive Board and our independent statutory auditors are required by French law to present reports to the shareholders’ meeting that specifically address any proposal to waive the preferential subscription rights.
Form, Holding and Transfer of Shares (Articles 9 and 10 of the Bylaws)
Form of Shares
The ordinary shares are nominative or bearer, if the legislation so permits, according to the shareholder’s choice. The Free Preferred Shares (AGAP) are nominative.
Further, in accordance with applicable laws, we may request at any time from the central depository responsible for holding our Shares, the information referred to in Article L. 228-2 of the French Commercial Code. Thus, we are, in particular and at any time, entitled to request the name and year of birth or, in the case of a legal entity, the name and the year of incorporation, nationality and address of holders of securities conferring immediate or long-term voting rights at its shareholders’ meeting and the amount of securities owned by each of them and, where applicable, the restrictions that the securities could be affected by.
Holding of Shares
In accordance with French law concerning the “dematerialization” of securities, the ownership rights of shareholders are represented by book entries instead of share certificates. Shares issued are registered in individual accounts opened by us or any authorized intermediary, in the name of each shareholder and kept according to the terms and conditions laid down by the legal and regulatory provisions.
Ownership of Shares by Non-French Persons
See “Limitations Affecting Shareholders of a French Company.”
Assignment and Transfer of Shares
Shares are freely negotiable, subject to applicable legal and regulatory provisions. French law notably provides for standstill obligations and prohibition of insider trading.
Repurchase and Redemption of Ordinary Shares
Under French law, we may acquire our own ordinary shares. Such acquisition may be challenged on the ground of market abuse regulations. However, Market Abuse Regulation 596/2014 of April 16, 2014 and its delegated regulations, or MAR, provides for safe harbor exemptions when the acquisition is made (i) under a buy-back program to be authorized by the shareholders in accordance with the provisions of Article L. 225-209 of the French Commercial Code and with the General Regulations of the French Financial Markets Authority, or AMF and (ii) for the following purposes:
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to decrease our share capital, with the approval of the shareholders at an extraordinary general meeting; in this case, the ordinary shares repurchased must be cancelled within one month from the expiry of the purchase offer;
to meet obligations arising from debt securities that are exchangeable into equity instruments;
to provide ordinary shares for distribution to employees or managers under a profit-sharing, free share or share option plan; or
we benefit from a simple exemption when the acquisition is made under a liquidity contract complying with the General Regulations of, and market practices accepted by, the AMF.
All other purposes, and especially share buy-backs made for external growth operations in pursuance of Article L. 225-209 of the French Commercial Code, while not forbidden, must be pursued in strict compliance of market manipulation and insider dealing rules.
Under MAR and in accordance with the General Regulations of the AMF, a corporation shall report to the competent authority of the trading value on which the shares have been admitted to trading or are traded, no later than by the end of the seventh daily market session following the date of the execution of the transaction, all the transactions relating to the buy-back program, in a detailed form and in an aggregated form.
No such repurchase of ordinary shares may result in us holding, directly or through a person acting on our behalf, more than 10% of our issued share capital. Ordinary shares repurchased by us continue to be deemed “issued” under French law but are not entitled to dividends or voting rights so long as we hold them directly or indirectly, and we may not exercise the preemptive rights attached to them.
Sinking Fund Provisions
Our bylaws do not provide for any sinking fund provisions.
General Meeting of Shareholders (Articles 26 to 37 of the Bylaws)
Calling Meetings and Conditions for Admission (Articles 27 to 30 of the Bylaws)
General Meetings of shareholders are called by the Executive Board, or failing that, by the Supervisory Board. They can also be called by the auditor(s) or an officer appointed by a court upon request, by any interested party or by the Works Council in an emergency, by one or more shareholders holding at least five percent of the ordinary shares or by an association of our shareholders. Meetings are held at our registered offices or at any other location indicated in the convening notice.
The meeting is published in the French Bulletin of Mandatory Legal Notices (Bulletin des Annonces Légales Obligatoires or BALO) at least 35 days prior to the date of a General Meeting of shareholders. In addition to the information concerning us, the notice indicates in particular the agenda of the General Meeting of shareholders and the draft resolutions that will be presented.
In the 21 days preceding the meeting, we will publish the information and documents relating to the meeting on our web site.
The General Meeting of shareholders must be announced at least 15 days beforehand, by a notice placed in a journal that publishes legal announcements in the department where the headquarters are located, and in the BALO. Holders of registered ordinary shares who have owned them for at least one month as of the date on which the latest notice is published receive individual notices. When a General Meeting of shareholders is unable to take action because the requisite quorum is not present, a second meeting is called at least ten days in advance using the same procedure as the first one.
The General Meeting of shareholders may only take action on items on the agenda. However, it may dismiss and replace one or more members of the Supervisory Boards at any time. The General Meeting may also dismiss the members of the Executive Board. One or more shareholders representing at least the percentage of share capital fixed by law, and acting according to the legally required conditions and deadlines, are allowed to request that items and/or draft resolutions be added to the agenda of the General Meeting of shareholders.
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Each shareholder has the right to attend the meetings and take part in deliberation (i) personally; (ii) by granting proxy to another shareholder, his or her spouse or partner in a civil union or any other natural or legal person of his or her choice; (iii) by sending a proxy to the company without indication of the beneficiary; (iv) by voting by correspondence; or (v) by videoconference or another means of telecommunication, including internet, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations that allow identification; by presenting proof of identity and ownership of ordinary shares, subject to:
for holders of registered ordinary shares, an entry in the shareholder registry at least two business days before the General Meeting of shareholders; and
for holders of bearer ordinary shares, filing, under the conditions provided by law, of a certificate of participation issued by an authorized intermediary two days before the date of the General Meeting of shareholders.
The final date for returning voting ballots by correspondence is set by the Executive Board and disclosed in the notice of meeting published in the BALO. This date cannot be earlier than three days prior to the meeting as provided in the bylaws.
A shareholder who has voted by correspondence will no longer be able to participate directly in the meeting or to be represented. In the case of returning the proxy form and the voting by correspondence form, the proxy form is taken into account, subject to the votes cast in the voting by correspondence form.
A shareholder may be represented at meetings by any individual or legal entity by means of a proxy form which we send to such shareholder either at the shareholder’s request or at our initiative. A shareholder’s request for a proxy form must be received at the registered office at least five days before the date of the meeting. The proxy is only valid for a single meeting, for two meetings (an ordinary and an extraordinary meeting convened for the same day or within 15 days) or for successive meetings convened with the same agenda.
A shareholder may vote by correspondence by means of a voting form, which we send to such shareholder either at the shareholder’s request or at our initiative, or which we include in an appendix to a proxy voting form under the conditions provided for by current laws and requirements. A shareholder’s request for a voting form must be received at the registered office at least six days before the date of the meeting. The voting form is also available on our website at least 21 days before the date of the meeting. The voting by correspondence form addressed by a shareholder is only valid for a single meeting or for successive meetings convened with the same agenda.
Our Bylaws and French Corporate Law Contain Provisions that May Delay or Discourage a Takeover Attempt
Provisions contained in our bylaws and French corporate law could make it more difficult for a third-party to acquire us, even if doing so might be beneficial to our shareholders. In addition, provisions of our bylaws impose various procedural and other requirements, which could make it more difficult for shareholders to effect certain corporate actions. These provisions include the following:
under French law, the owner of 90% of the share capital or voting rights of a public company listed on a regulated market in a Member State of the European Union or in a state party to the European Economic Area, or EEA, Agreement, including from the main French stock exchange, has the right to force out minority shareholders following a tender offer made to all shareholders;
under French law, a non-resident of France as well as any French entity controlled by non-residents of France may have to file a declaration for statistical purposes with the Bank of France (Banque de France) within 20 working days following the date of certain direct foreign investments in us, including any purchase of our ADSs. In particular, such filings are required in connection with investments exceeding €15,000,000 that lead to the acquisition of at least 10% of our share capital or voting rights or cross such 10% threshold. See ‘‘Limitations Affecting Shareholders of a French Company’’;
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under French law, certain investments in a French company relating to certain strategic industries by individuals or entities not residents in a Member State of the EU are subject to prior authorization of the Ministry of Economy. See ‘‘Limitations Affecting Shareholders of a French Company;’’
a merger (i.e., in a French law context, a share for share exchange following which our company would be dissolved into the acquiring entity and our shareholders would become shareholders of the acquiring entity) of our company into a company incorporated in the European Union would require the approval of our Executive Board as well as a two-thirds majority of the votes cast by the shareholders present, represented by proxy or voting by mail at the relevant meeting;
a merger of our company into a company incorporated outside of the European Union would require 100% of our shareholders to approve it;
under French law, a cash merger is treated as a share purchase and would require the consent of each participating shareholder;
our shareholders may grant in the future our Executive Board broad authorizations to increase our share capital or to issue additional ordinary shares or other securities (for example, warrants) to our shareholders, the public or qualified investors, including as a possible defense following the launching of a tender offer for our ordinary shares;
our shareholders have preferential subscription rights on a pro rata basis on the issuance by us of any additional securities for cash or a set-off of cash debts, which rights may only be waived by the extraordinary general meeting (by a two-thirds majority vote) of our shareholders or on an individual basis by each shareholder;
our Supervisory Board appoints the members of the Executive Board and shall fill any vacancy within two months;
our Supervisory Board has the right to appoint members of the Supervisory Board to fill a vacancy created by the resignation or death of a member of the Supervisory Board for the remaining duration of such member’s term of office, and subject to the approval by the shareholders of such appointment at the next shareholders’ meeting, which prevents shareholders from having the sole right to fill vacancies on our Supervisory Board;
our Executive Board can be convened by the chairman of the Executive Board or other members of the Executive Board delegated for this purpose;
our Supervisory Board can be convened by the chairman or the vice-chairman of the Supervisory Board. A member of the Executive Board or one-third of the members of the Supervisory Board may send a written request to the chairman to convene the Supervisory Board. If the chairman does not convene the Supervisory Board 15 days following the receipt of such request, the authors of the request may themselves convene the Supervisory Board;
our Supervisory Board meetings can only be regularly held if at least half of its members attend either physically or by way of videoconference or teleconference enabling the members’ identification and ensuring their effective participation in the Supervisory Board’s decisions;
approval of at least a majority of the votes cast by shareholders present, represented by a proxy, or voting by mail at the relevant ordinary shareholders’ general meeting is required to remove members of the Executive Board and/or members of the Supervisory Board with or without cause;
the crossing of certain ownership thresholds has to be disclosed and can impose certain obligations; see the section of this prospectus titled “Description of Share Capital–Key Provisions of Our Bylaws and French Law Affecting Our Ordinary Shares;”
advance notice is required for nominations to the Supervisory Board or for proposing matters to be acted upon at a shareholders’ meeting, except that a vote to remove and replace a member of the Supervisory Board can be proposed at any shareholders’ meeting without notice;
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transfers of shares shall comply with applicable insider trading rules and regulations, and in particular with the Market Abuse Regulation 596/2014 of April 16, 2014; and
pursuant to French law, our bylaws, including the sections relating to the number of members of the Executive and Supervisory Boards, and election and removal of members of the Executive and Supervisory Boards from office may only be modified by a resolution adopted by two-thirds of the votes of our shareholders present, represented by a proxy or voting by mail at the meeting.
Shareholder Identification (Article 9 of the Bylaws)
Ordinary Shares may be registered or bearer ordinary shares, at the option of the shareholder, subject to the applicable legal requirements.
To identify the holders of bearer ordinary shares, we are authorized to ask in accordance with current legal and regulatory requirements, the central depositary that maintains the records of the issue of these ordinary shares, in exchange for a fee, for the holders’ name or business name, year of birth or year of incorporation, address and nationality, e-mail address, number of securities held giving immediate or future access to the capital and any restrictions to which the securities are subject.
Modification of the Bylaws (Article 36 of the Bylaws)
Our bylaws may only be amended by approval at an extraordinary shareholders’ meeting. Our bylaws may not, however, be amended to increase shareholder commitments without the approval of each shareholder. Decisions are made by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast by the shareholders present, represented by proxy, or voting by mail.
Crossing the Threshold Set in the Bylaws (Article 11 of the Bylaws)
Without prejudice to the legal or regulatory stipulations, any natural person or legal entity who goes above or below, directly or indirectly, acting alone or in concert (de concert), a percentage of the share capital or voting rights equal to or higher than 1% or a multiple of this percentage, must inform us of the total number of ordinary shares, voting rights and securities giving access to capital or voting rights that it, he or she owns immediately or eventually, within five trading days of the date on which such ownership threshold is crossed.
If shareholders fail to comply with these obligations, shares or voting rights exceeding the fraction that should have been declared are deprived of voting rights at General Meetings of Shareholders for any meeting that would be held until the expiry of a period of two years from the date of regularization of the notification in accordance with Article L. 233-14 of the Commercial Code, if the failure to declare has been determined and one or several shareholders holding at least 5% of the capital make a request thereof, as recorded in the minutes of the General Meeting.
These requirements are without prejudice to the threshold crossing declarations provided for under French law in Articles L. 233-7, L. 233-9 and L. 233-10 of the French Commercial Code, which impose a declaration to us and to the French Financial Markets Authority (AMF) upon crossing of the following thresholds in share capital or voting rights no later than the fourth trading day following the crossing: 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 33.33%, 50%, 66.66%, 90% and 95%.
Furthermore, any shareholder crossing, alone or acting in concert, these 10%, 15%, 20% or 25% thresholds shall file a declaration pursuant to which it shall set out its intention for the following 6 months, including notably whether it intends to continue acquiring shares of the company or to acquire control over the company and its intended strategy for the company.
In addition, and subject to certain exemptions, any shareholder crossing, alone or acting in concert, the 30% threshold shall file a mandatory public tender offer. Also, any shareholder holding directly or indirectly a number between 30% and 50% of the capital or voting rights and who, in less than 12 consecutive months, increases their holding of capital or voting rights by at least 1% of the company’s capital or voting rights, shall file a mandatory public tender offer.


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Securities Exercisable for Ordinary Shares
Equity Incentives
See the section of this prospectus titled “Management—Equity Incentives” for a description of securities granted by our Executive Board to our members of Executive Board and of Supervisory Board, employees and consultants.
 
Differences in Corporate Law
We are a société anonyme à directoire et conseil de surveillance, or S.A., incorporated under the laws of France. The laws applicable to French S.A.s differ from laws applicable to U.S. corporations and their shareholders. Set forth below is a summary of certain differences between the provisions of the French Commercial Code applicable to us and the Delaware General Corporation Law, the law under which many public companies in the United States are incorporated. This summary is not intended to be a complete discussion of the respective rights.
 
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Number of the members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board
Under French law, a société anonyme à directoire et conseil de surveillance must have at least three and may have up to eighteen members of the Supervisory Board. The number of members of the Executive Board can be raised to seven if the company is listed on a regulated exchange. Otherwise, such number cannot be greater than five. In addition, the composition of the Executive Board endeavors to seek a balanced representation of women and men. The number of members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board is fixed by or in the manner provided in the bylaws. Since January 1, 2017, the number of members of the Supervisory Board of each gender may not be less than 40%. Any appointment made in violation of this limit that is not remedied will be null and void as well as the deliberations taken by the Supervisory Board member irregularly appointed. The members of the Supervisory Board are appointed at the shareholders’ general meetings.
Under Delaware law, a corporation must have at least one director and the number of directors shall be fixed by or in the manner provided in the certificate of incorporation or, if the certificate is silent, in the bylaws.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board QualificationsUnder French law, a corporation may prescribe qualifications for the members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board under its bylaws. In addition, under French law, members of a supervisory board of a corporation may be legal entities (with the exception of the chairman of the supervisory board), and such legal entities may designate an individual to represent them and to act on their behalf at meetings of the supervisory board.Under Delaware law, a corporation may prescribe qualifications for directors under its certificate of incorporation or bylaws.
Removal of members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board
Under French law, the members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board may be removed from office, with or without cause and without notice, at any shareholders’ meeting, by a simple majority vote of the shareholders present and voting at the meeting in person or by proxy. In addition, the members of the Executive Board may be removed by the Supervisory Board if provided in the bylaws. Our bylaws provide this possibility.
Under Delaware law, directors may be removed from office, with or without cause, by a majority stockholder vote, though in the case of a corporation whose board is classified, unless otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation, stockholders may effect such removal only for cause.
Vacancies on the Executive Board and on the Supervisory BoardUnder French law, vacancies on the Executive Board resulting from death or a resignation have to be filled by the Supervisory Board within two months. Vacancies on the Supervisory Board resulting from death or a resignation, may be filled by the remaining members of the Supervisory Board pending ratification by the shareholders by the next shareholders’ meeting.Under Delaware law, vacancies on a corporation’s board of directors, including those caused by an increase in the number of directors, unless otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation, may be filled by a majority of the remaining directors.
Annual General Meeting
Under French law, the annual general meeting of shareholders shall be held at such place, on such date and at such time as decided each year by the Executive Board and notified to the shareholders in the convening notice of the annual meeting, within six months after the close of the relevant fiscal year unless such period is extended by court order.
Under Delaware law, the annual meeting of stockholders shall be held at such place, on such date and at such time as may be provided by the certificate of incorporation or by the bylaws, or by the board of directors if neither the certificate of incorporation or the bylaws so provide.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
General Meeting
Under French law, general meetings of the shareholders may be called by the Executive Board or, failing that, by the statutory auditors, or by a court appointed agent (mandataire ad hoc) or liquidator in certain circumstances, or by the majority shareholder in capital or voting rights following a public tender offer or exchange offer or the transfer of a controlling block on the date decided by the Executive Board or the relevant person. General meetings of the shareholders may also be called by the Supervisory Board.

Under Delaware law, special meetings of the stockholders may be called by the board of directors or by such person or persons as may be authorized by the certificate of incorporation or by the bylaws.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Notice of General Meetings
A first convening notice is published in the French Bulletin of Mandatory Legal Notices (BALO) at least 35 days prior to a meeting and made available on the website of the company at least 21 days prior to the meeting. Subject to special legal provisions, the meeting notice is sent out at least 15 days prior to the date of the meeting, by means of a notice inserted both in a legal announcement bulletin (journal d’annonces légales) of the registered office department and in the BALO. Further, the holders of registered ordinary shares for at least a month at the time of the latest of the insertions of the notice of meeting shall be summoned individually, by regular letter (or by registered letter if they request it and include an advance of expenses) sent to their last known address. This notice to registered shareholders may also be transmitted by electronic means of telecommunication, in lieu of any such mailing, to any shareholder requesting it beforehand by registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt in accordance with legal and regulatory requirements, specifying his e-mail address. When the shareholders’ meeting cannot deliberate due to lack of required quorum, the second meeting must be called at least ten calendar days in advance in the same manner as used for the first notice. The convening notice shall specify the name of the company, its legal form, share capital, registered office address, registration number with the French Registry of Commerce and Companies (registre du commerce et des sociétés), the place, date, hour and agenda of the meeting and its nature (ordinary and/or extraordinary meeting). The convening notice must also indicate the conditions under which the shareholders may vote by correspondence and the places and conditions in which they can obtain voting forms by mail.
Under Delaware law, unless otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation or bylaws, written notice of any meeting of the stockholders must be given to each stockholder entitled to vote at the meeting not less than 10 nor more than 60 days before the date of the meeting and shall specify the place, date, hour, means of remote communication, if any, by which stockholders and proxy holders may be deemed to be present in person and vote, the record date for voting if it is different from the record date determining notice and, in the case of a special meeting, purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
ProxyEach shareholder has the right to attend the meetings and participate in the discussions (i) personally, or (ii) by granting proxy to another shareholder, his/her spouse, his/her partner with whom he/she has entered into a civil union or to any natural or legal person of his/her choice; or (iii) by sending a proxy to the company without indication of the beneficiary (in which case, such proxy shall be cast in favor of the resolutions supported by the Executive Board), or (iv) by voting by correspondence, or (v) by video conference or another means of telecommunication in accordance with applicable laws that allow identification. The proxy is only valid for a single meeting, for two meetings (an ordinary and an extraordinary meeting convened for the same day or within 15 days) or for successive meetings convened with the same agenda.Under Delaware law, at any meeting of stockholders, a stockholder may designate another person to act for such stockholder by proxy, but no such proxy shall be voted or acted upon after three years from its date, unless the proxy provides for a longer period.
Shareholder Action by written consent
Under French law, shareholders’ action by written consent is not permitted in a société anonyme.
Under Delaware law, a corporation’s certificate of incorporation (1) may permit stockholders to act by written consent if such action is signed by all stockholders, (2) may permit stockholders to act by written consent signed by stockholders having the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to take such action at a meeting or (3) may prohibit actions by written consent.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Preemptive Rights
Under French law, in case of issuance of additional ordinary shares or other securities for cash or set-off against cash debts, the existing shareholders have preferential subscription rights to these securities on a pro rata basis unless such rights are waived by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast by the shareholders present at the extraordinary meeting deciding or authorizing the capital increase, voting in person or represented by proxy or voting by mail. In case such rights are not waived by the extraordinary general meeting, each shareholder may individually either exercise, assign or not exercise its preferential subscription rights. Preferential subscription rights may only be exercised during the subscription period. In accordance with French law, the exercise period shall not be less than five trading days. Preferential subscription rights are transferable during a period equivalent to the subscription period but starting two business days prior to the opening of the subscription period and ending two business days prior to the closing of the subscription period.
Under Delaware law, unless otherwise provided in a corporation’s certificate of incorporation, a stockholder does not, by operation of law, possess preemptive rights to subscribe to additional issuances of the corporation’s stock.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Sources of Dividends
Under French law, dividends may only be paid by a French société anonyme out of “distributable profits,” plus any distributable reserves and “distributable premium” that the shareholders decide to make available for distribution, other than those reserves that are specifically required by law. “Distributable profits” consist of the unconsolidated net profits of the relevant corporation for each fiscal year, as increased or reduced by any profit or loss carried forward from prior years.
“Distributable premium” refers to the contribution paid by the shareholders in addition to the par value of their ordinary shares for their subscription that the shareholders decide to make available for distribution.
Except in case of a share capital reduction, no distribution can be made to the shareholders when the net equity is, or would become, lower than the amount of the share capital plus the reserves which cannot be distributed in accordance with the law or the bylaws.
Under Delaware law, dividends may be paid by a Delaware corporation either out of (1) surplus as defined in and computed in accordance with Delaware law or (2) in case there is no such surplus, out of its net profits for the fiscal year in which the dividend is declared and/or the preceding fiscal year, except when the capital is diminished by depreciation in the value of its property, or by losses, or otherwise, to an amount less than the aggregate amount of capital represented by issued and outstanding stock having a preference on the distribution of assets.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Repurchase of Shares
Under French law, a corporation may acquire its own ordinary shares. Such acquisition may be challenged on the ground of market abuse regulations. However, Market Abuse Regulation 596/2014 of April 16, 2014 provides for safe harbor exemptions when the acquisition is made for the following purposes:
 
•   to decrease its share capital, with the approval of the shareholders at the extraordinary general meeting;

• to meet obligations arising from debt securities that are exchangeable into equity instruments; or
 
•  with a view to distributing the relevant shares to employees or managers under a profit-sharing, restricted free share or share option plan.
All other purposes, and especially share buy-backs made for external growth operations in pursuance of Article L. 225-209 of the French Commercial Code, while not forbidden, must be pursued in strict compliance of market manipulation and insider dealing rules.
Under the Market Abuse Regulation 596/2014 of April 16, 2014 (MAR) and in accordance with the General Regulations of the AMF, a corporation shall report to the competent authority of the trading value on which the shares have been admitted to trading or are traded, no later than by the end of the seventh daily market session following the date of the execution of the transaction, all the transactions relating to the buy-back program, in a detailed form and in an aggregated form.
No such repurchase of ordinary shares may result in the company holding, directly or through a person acting on its behalf, more than 10% of its issued share capital.
Under Delaware law, a corporation may generally redeem or repurchase shares of its stock unless the capital of the corporation is impaired or such redemption or repurchase would impair the capital of the corporation.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Liability of members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory BoardUnder French law, the bylaws may not include any provisions limiting the liability of members of the Executive Board. Civil liabilities of the members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board may be sought for (1) an infringement of laws and regulations applicable to a company, (2) breach of the bylaws and (3) management failure. Civil liabilities of the members of the Supervisory Board may be sought for the infractions committed by the members of the Executive Board if, by knowing it, they did not reveal it to the shareholders’ meeting.
Under Delaware law, a corporation’s certificate of incorporation may include a provision eliminating or limiting the personal liability of a director to the corporation or its stockholders for damages arising from a breach of fiduciary duty as a director. However, no provision can limit the liability of a director for:
 any breach of the director’s duty of loyalty to the corporation or its stockholders;
acts or omissions not in good faith or that involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;
intentional or negligent payment of unlawful dividends or stock purchases or redemptions; or
any transaction from which the director derives an improper personal benefit. 
Voting Rights
French law provides that, unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, each shareholder is entitled to one vote for each share of capital stock held by such shareholder. As from April 2016, double voting rights are automatically granted to the shares held in registered form for more than two years, unless provided otherwise in the bylaws. Our bylaws provide that double voting rights are not applicable to our shareholders.
Delaware law provides that, unless otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation, each stockholder is entitled to one vote for each share of capital stock held by such stockholder.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Shareholder Vote on Certain Transactions
Generally, under French law, completion of a merger, dissolution, sale, lease or exchange of all or substantially all of a corporation’s assets requires:
 the approval of the Executive Board; and
 approval by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast by the shareholders present, represented by proxy or voting by mail at the relevant meeting or, in the case of a merger with a non-European Union company, approval of all shareholders of the corporation (by exception, the extraordinary general meeting of the acquiring company may delegate to the Executive Board authority to decide a merger-absorption or to determine the terms and conditions of the merger plan).
Generally, under Delaware law, unless the certificate of incorporation provides for the vote of a larger portion of the stock, completion of a merger, consolidation, sale, lease or exchange of all or substantially all of a corporation’s assets or dissolution requires:
 the approval of the board of directors; and
 approval by the vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding stock or, if the certificate of incorporation provides for more or less than one vote per share, a majority of the votes of the outstanding stock of a corporation entitled to vote on the matter.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Dissent or Dissenters’ Appraisal RightsFrench law does not provide for any such right but provides that a merger is subject to shareholders’ approval by a two-thirds majority vote as stated above.
Under Delaware law, a holder of shares of any class or series has the right, in specified circumstances, to dissent from a merger or consolidation by demanding payment in cash for the stockholder’s shares equal to the fair value of those shares, as determined by the Delaware Chancery Court in an action timely brought by the corporation or a dissenting stockholder. Delaware law grants these appraisal rights only in the case of mergers or consolidations and not in the case of a sale or transfer of assets or a purchase of assets for stock.
Further, no appraisal rights are available for shares of any class or series that is listed on a national securities exchange or held of record by more than 2,000 stockholders, unless the agreement of a merger or consolidation requires the holders to accept for their shares anything other than:
 shares of stock of the surviving corporation;
shares of stock of another corporation that are either listed on a national securities exchange or held of record by more than 2,000 stockholders;
cash in lieu of fractional shares of the stock described in the two preceding bullet points; or
any combination of the above.
In addition, appraisal rights are not available to holders of shares of the surviving corporation in specified mergers that do not require the vote of the stockholders of the surviving corporation.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Standard of Conduct for members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board
French law does not contain specific provisions setting forth the standard of conduct of a member of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board. However, members of the Executive Board and of the Supervisory Board have a duty to act without self-interest, on a well informed basis and they cannot make any decision against a corporation’s corporate interest (intérêt social). In addition, members of the Executive Board shall take into account social and environmental issues arising out of the Company’s activity.
Delaware law does not contain specific provisions setting forth the standard of conduct of a director. The scope of the fiduciary duties of directors is generally determined by the courts of the State of Delaware. In general, directors have a duty to act without self-interest, on a well informed basis and in a manner they reasonably believe to be in the best interest of the stockholders.
Shareholder Suits
French law provides that a shareholder, or a group of shareholders, may initiate a legal action to seek indemnification from the Executive Board (but not from the Supervisory Board) of a corporation in the corporation’s interest if it fails to bring such legal action itself. If so, any damages awarded by the court are paid to the corporation and any legal fees relating to such action are borne by the relevant shareholder or the group of shareholders.
The plaintiff must remain a shareholder through the duration of the legal action.
There is no other case where shareholders may initiate a derivative action to enforce a right of a corporation.
A shareholder may alternatively or cumulatively bring individual legal action against the members of the Executive Board only, provided he has suffered distinct damages from those suffered by the corporation. In this case, any damages awarded by the court are paid to the relevant shareholder.
Under Delaware law, a stockholder may initiate a derivative action to enforce a right of a corporation if the corporation fails to enforce the right itself. The complaint must:
 state that the plaintiff was a stockholder at the time of the transaction of which the plaintiff complains or that the plaintiff’s shares thereafter devolved on the plaintiff by operation of law; and allege with particularity the efforts made by the plaintiff to obtain the action the plaintiff desires from the directors and the reasons for the plaintiff’s failure to obtain the action; or
 state the reasons for not making the effort.
Additionally, the plaintiff must remain a stockholder through the duration of the derivative suit. The action will not be dismissed or compromised without the approval of the Delaware Court of Chancery.
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 FRANCEDELAWARE
Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation
Under French law, corporations are not required to file a certificate of incorporation with the French Registry of Commerce and Companies (registre du commerce et des sociétés) and only have bylaws (statuts) as organizational documents.
Under Delaware law, generally a corporation may amend its certificate of incorporation if:
its board of directors has adopted a resolution setting forth the amendment proposed and declared its advisability; and
 the amendment is adopted by the affirmative votes of a majority (or greater percentage as may be specified by the corporation) of the outstanding shares entitled to vote on the amendment and a majority (or greater percentage as may be specified by the corporation) of the outstanding shares of each class or series of stock, if any, entitled to vote on the amendment as a class or series.
Amendment of BylawsUnder French law, only the extraordinary shareholders’ meeting is authorized to adopt or amend the bylaws.Under Delaware law, the stockholders entitled to vote have the power to adopt, amend or repeal bylaws. A corporation may also confer, in its certificate of incorporation, that power upon the board of directors.
Listing
Our ADSs are listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “IPHA.” Our ordinary shares are listed on Euronext Paris under the symbol “IPH.”
 
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our ADSs is Citibank, N.A. Our share register for our ordinary shares is maintained by Société Générale Securities Services. The share register reflects only record owners of our ordinary shares. Holders of our ADSs are not treated as our shareholders and their names are therefore not entered in our share register. The depositary, the custodian or their nominees are the holder of the shares underlying our ADSs. Holders of our ADSs have a right to receive the ordinary shares underlying their ADSs. For discussion on our ADSs and ADS holder rights, see “Description of American Depositary Shares” in this prospectus.
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LIMITATIONS AFFECTING SHAREHOLDERS OF A FRENCH COMPANY

Ownership of ADSs or Shares by Non-French Residents
Neither the French Commercial Code nor our bylaws presently impose any restrictions on the right of non-French residents or non-French shareholders to own and vote shares. However, non-French residents must file a declaration for statistical purposes with the Bank of France (Banque de France) within twenty working days following the date of certain direct foreign investments in us, including any purchase of our ADSs. In particular such filings are required in connection with investments exceeding €15,000,000 that lead to the acquisition of at least 10% of the share capital or voting rights or cross such 10% threshold. Violation of this filing requirement may be sanctioned by five years’ imprisonment and a fine up to twice the amount of the relevant investment. This amount may be increased fivefold if the violation is made by a legal entity. Moreover, certain foreign investments in companies incorporated under French laws are subject to the prior authorization from the French Minister of the Economy, where all or part of the target’s business and activity relate to a strategic sector, such as energy, transportation, public health, telecommunications.

The Decree (arrêté) of April 27, 2020 extended the list of sectors subject to prior approval to include biotechnologies now covered under article R. 151-3 III° 1° of the French Monetary and Financial Code, under which investments are defined as (i) the acquisition of control—within the meaning of Article L. 233-3 of the French Commercial Code—of a company that has its registered office in France, (ii) the acquisition of all or part of a line of business of a company that has its registered office in France, or (iii) the acquisition of more than 25% of the shares or voting rights of a company that has its registered office in France.

In the context of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the Decree (décret) n°2020-892 dated July 22, 2020 (as modified by the Decree (décret) n°2020-1729 dated December 28, 2020) has supplemented the 25% threshold with an additional temporary 10% threshold of the voting rights for the non-European investments in listed companies applicable, at the date of this prospectus, until December 31, 2021.

A fast-track procedure shall apply for any non-European investor exceeding this 10% threshold who will have to notify the Minister of Economy who will then have 10 days to decide whether or not the transaction should be subject to further examination.

In the absence of such authorization, the relevant investment shall be deemed null and void. The relevant investor may be found criminally liable and may be sanctioned with a fine not to exceed the greater of the following amounts: (i) twice the amount of the relevant investment, (ii) 10% of the annual turnover before tax of the target company or (iii) €5 million (for a company) or €1 million (for a natural person).
Foreign Exchange Controls
Under current French foreign exchange control regulations there are no limitations on the amount of cash payments that we may remit to residents of foreign countries. Laws and regulations concerning foreign exchange controls do, however, require that all payments or transfers of funds made by a French resident to a non-resident such as dividend payments be handled by an accredited intermediary. All registered banks and substantially all credit institutions in France are accredited intermediaries.
Availability of Preferential Subscription Rights
Our shareholders will have the preferential subscription rights described under “Description of Share Capital—Key Provisions of Our Bylaws and French Law Affecting Our Ordinary Shares—Changes in Share Capital—Preferential Subscription Right.” Under French law, shareholders have preferential rights to subscribe for cash issues of new shares or other securities giving rights to acquire additional shares on a pro rata basis. Holders of our securities in the United States (which may be represented by ADSs) will not be able to exercise preferential subscription rights
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for their securities unless a registration statement under the Securities Act is effective with respect to such rights or an exemption from the registration requirements imposed by the Securities Act is available. We may, from time to time, issue new shares or other securities giving rights to acquire additional shares (such as warrants) at a time when no registration statement is in effect and no Securities Act exemption is available. If so, holders of our securities in the United States will be unable to exercise any preferential subscription rights and their interests will be diluted. We are under no obligation to file any registration statement in connection with any issuance of new shares or other securities. We intend to evaluate at the time of any rights offering the costs and potential liabilities associated with registering the rights, as well as the indirect benefits to us of enabling the exercise by holders of shares in the United States and ADS holders of the subscription rights, and any other factors we consider appropriate at the time, and then to make a decision as to whether to register the rights. We cannot assure you that we will file a registration statement.
For holders of our ordinary shares represented by ADSs, the depositary may make these rights or other distributions available to ADS holders. If the depositary does not make the rights available to ADS holders and determines that it is impractical to sell the rights, it may allow these rights to lapse. In that case, ADS holders will receive no value for them. The section of this prospectus titled “Description of American Depositary Shares—Dividends and Other Distributions” explains in detail the depositary’s responsibility in connection with a rights offering. See also “Risk Factors— Your right as a holder of ADSs to participate in any future preferential subscription rights offering or to elect to receive dividends in shares may be limited, which may cause dilution to your holdings.” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 20-F.
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DESCRIPTION OF AMERICAN DEPOSITARY SHARES

Citibank, N.A. acts as the depositary for the American Depositary Shares. Citibank, N.A.’s depositary offices are located at 388 Greenwich Street, New York, New York 10013. American Depositary Shares are frequently referred to as ADSs and represent ownership interests in securities that are on deposit with the depositary. ADSs may be evidenced by certificates that are commonly known as American Depositary Receipts, or ADRs. The depositary typically appoints a custodian to safekeep the securities on deposit. In this case, the custodian is Citibank Europe plc, 1 North Wall Quay, Dublin 1, Ireland .
We have appointed Citibank, N.A. as depositary pursuant to an amended and restated deposit agreement. A copy of the amended and restated deposit agreement is on file with the SEC under cover of a Registration Statement on Form F-6. You may obtain a copy of the amended and restated deposit agreement from the SEC’s website (www.sec.gov). Please refer to Registration Number 333-234063 when retrieving such copy.
We are providing you with a summary description of the material terms of the ADSs and of your material rights as an owner of ADSs. Please remember that summaries by their nature lack the precision of the information summarized and that the rights and obligations of an owner of ADSs will be determined by reference to the terms of the deposit agreement and not by this summary. We urge you to review the deposit agreement in its entirety. The portions of this summary description that are italicized describe matters that may be relevant to the ownership of ADSs but that may not be contained in the deposit agreement.
Each ADS represents the right to receive, and to exercise the beneficial ownership interests in, one ordinary share that is on deposit with the depositary bank and/or custodian. An ADS also represents the right to receive, and to exercise the beneficial interests in, any other property received by the depositary bank or the custodian on behalf of the owner of the ADS but that has not been distributed to the owners of ADSs because of legal restrictions or practical considerations. We and the depositary bank may agree to change the ADS-to-Share ratio by amending the deposit agreement. This amendment may give rise to, or change, the depositary fees payable by ADS owners. The custodian, the depositary bank and their respective nominees will hold all deposited property for the benefit of the holders and beneficial owners of ADSs. The deposited property does not constitute the proprietary assets of the depositary bank, the custodian or their nominees. Beneficial ownership in the deposited property will under the terms of the deposit agreement be vested in the beneficial owners of the ADSs. The depositary bank, the custodian and their respective nominees will be the record holders of the deposited property represented by the ADSs for the benefit of the holders and beneficial owners of the corresponding ADSs. A beneficial owner of ADSs may or may not be the holder of ADSs. Beneficial owners of ADSs will be able to receive, and to exercise beneficial ownership interests in, the deposited property only through the registered holders of the ADSs, the registered holders of the ADSs (on behalf of the applicable ADS owners) only through the depositary bank, and the depositary bank (on behalf of the owners of the corresponding ADSs) directly, or indirectly, through the custodian or their respective nominees, in each case upon the terms of the deposit agreement.
If you become an owner of ADSs, you will become a party to the deposit agreement and therefore will be bound to its terms and to the terms of any ADR that represents your ADSs. The deposit agreement and the ADR specify our rights and obligations as well as your rights and obligations as owner of ADSs and those of the depositary bank. As an ADS holder you appoint the depositary bank to act on your behalf in certain circumstances. The deposit agreement and the ADRs are governed by New York law. However, our obligations to the holders of ordinary shares will continue to be governed by the laws of France, which may be different from the laws in the United States.
In addition, applicable laws and regulations may require you to satisfy reporting requirements and obtain regulatory approvals in certain circumstances. You are solely responsible for complying with such reporting requirements and obtaining such approvals. Neither the depositary bank, the custodian, us or any of their or our respective agents or affiliates shall be required to take any actions whatsoever on your behalf to satisfy such reporting requirements or obtain such regulatory approvals under applicable laws and regulations.
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As an owner of ADSs, we will not treat you as one of our shareholders and you will not have direct shareholder rights. The depositary bank will hold on your behalf the shareholder rights attached to the ordinary shares underlying your ADSs. As an owner of ADSs you will be able to exercise the shareholders rights for the ordinary shares represented by your ADSs through the depositary bank only to the extent contemplated in the deposit agreement. To exercise any shareholder rights not contemplated in the deposit agreement you will, as an ADS owner, need to arrange for the cancellation of your ADSs and become a direct shareholder.
The manner in which you own the ADSs (e.g., in a brokerage account vs. as registered holder, or as holder of certificated vs. uncertificated ADSs) may affect your rights and obligations, and the manner in which, and extent to which, the depositary bank’s services are made available to you. As an owner of ADSs, you may hold your ADSs either by means of an ADR registered in your name, through a brokerage or safekeeping account, or through an account established by the depositary bank in your name reflecting the registration of uncertificated ADSs directly on the books of the depositary bank (commonly referred to as the “direct registration system” or “DRS”). The direct registration system reflects the uncertificated (book-entry) registration of ownership of ADSs by the depositary bank. Under the direct registration system, ownership of ADSs is evidenced by periodic statements issued by the depositary bank to the holders of the ADSs. The direct registration system includes automated transfers between the depositary bank and The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”), the central book-entry clearing and settlement system for equity securities in the United States. If you decide to hold your ADSs through your brokerage or safekeeping account, you must rely on the procedures of your broker or bank to assert your rights as ADS owner. Banks and brokers typically hold securities such as the ADSs through clearing and settlement systems such as DTC. The procedures of such clearing and settlement systems may limit your ability to exercise your rights as an owner of ADSs. Please consult with your broker or bank if you have any questions concerning these limitations and procedures. All ADSs held through DTC will be registered in the name of a nominee of DTC. This summary description assumes you have opted to own the ADSs directly by means of an ADS registered in your name and, as such, we will refer to you as the “holder.” When we refer to “you,” we assume the reader owns ADSs and will own ADSs at the relevant time.
The registration of the ordinary shares in the name of the depositary bank or the custodian shall, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, vest in the depositary bank or the custodian the record ownership in the applicable ordinary shares with the beneficial ownership rights and interests in such ordinary shares being at all times vested with the beneficial owners of the ADSs representing the ordinary shares. The depositary bank or the custodian shall at all times be entitled to exercise the beneficial ownership rights in all deposited property, in each case only on behalf of the holders and beneficial owners of the ADSs representing the deposited property.
Dividends and Distributions
As a holder of ADSs, you generally have the right to receive the distributions we make on the securities deposited with the custodian. Your receipt of these distributions may be limited, however, by practical considerations and legal limitations. Holders of ADSs will receive such distributions under the terms of the deposit agreement in proportion to the number of ADSs held as of the specified record date, after deduction of the applicable fees, taxes and expenses.
Distributions of Cash
Whenever we make a cash distribution for the securities on deposit with the custodian, we will deposit the funds with the custodian. Upon receipt of confirmation of the deposit of the requisite funds, the depositary bank will arrange for the funds received in a currency other than U.S. dollars to be converted into U.S. dollars and for the distribution of the U.S. dollars to the holders, subject to French laws and regulations.
The conversion into U.S. dollars will take place only if practicable and if the U.S. dollars are transferable to the United States. The depositary bank will apply the same method for distributing the proceeds of the sale of any property (such as undistributed rights) held by the custodian in respect of securities on deposit. The distribution of cash will be made net of the fees, expenses, taxes and governmental charges payable by holders under the terms of
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the deposit agreement. The depositary bank will hold any cash amounts it is unable to distribute in a non-interest bearing account for the benefit of the applicable holders and beneficial owners of ADSs until the distribution can be effected or the funds that the depositary bank holds must be escheated as unclaimed property in accordance with the laws of the relevant states of the United States.
Distributions of Shares
Whenever we make a free distribution of ordinary shares for the securities on deposit with the custodian, we will deposit the applicable number of ordinary shares with the custodian. Upon receipt of confirmation of such deposit, the depositary bank will either distribute to holders new ADSs representing the ordinary shares deposited or modify the ADS-to-ordinary shares ratio, in which case each ADS you hold will represent rights and interests in the additional ordinary shares so deposited. Only whole new ADSs will be distributed. Fractional entitlements will be sold and the proceeds of such sale will be distributed as in the case of a cash distribution.
The distribution of new ADSs or the modification of the ADS-to-ordinary shares ratio upon a distribution of ordinary shares will be made net of the fees, expenses, taxes and governmental charges payable by holders under the terms of the deposit agreement. In order to pay such taxes or governmental charges, the depositary bank may sell all or a portion of the new ordinary shares so distributed.
No such distribution of new ADSs will be made if it would violate a law (e.g., the U.S. securities laws) or if it is not operationally practicable. If the depositary bank does not distribute new ADSs as described above, it may sell the ordinary shares received upon the terms described in the deposit agreement and will distribute the proceeds of the sale as in the case of a distribution of cash.
Distributions of Rights
Whenever we intend to distribute rights to subscribe for additional ordinary shares, we will give prior notice to the depositary bank and we will assist the depositary bank in determining whether it is lawful and reasonably practicable to distribute rights to subscribe for additional ADSs to holders.
The depositary bank will establish procedures to distribute rights to subscribe for additional ADSs to holders and to enable such holders to exercise such rights if it is lawful and reasonably practicable to make the rights available to holders of ADSs, and if we provide all of the documentation contemplated in the deposit agreement (such as opinions to address the lawfulness of the transaction). You may have to pay fees, expenses, taxes and other governmental charges to subscribe for the new ADSs upon the exercise of your rights. The depositary bank is not obligated to establish procedures to facilitate the distribution and exercise by holders of rights to subscribe for new ordinary shares other than in the form of ADSs.
The depositary bank will not distribute the rights to you if:
We do not timely request that the rights be distributed to you or we request that the rights not be distributed to you; or
We fail to deliver satisfactory documents to the depositary bank; or
It is not reasonably practicable to distribute the rights.
The depositary bank will sell the rights that are not exercised or not distributed if such sale is lawful and reasonably practicable. The proceeds of such sale will be distributed to holders as in the case of a cash distribution. If the depositary bank is unable to sell the rights, it will allow the rights to lapse.
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Elective Distributions
Whenever we intend to distribute a dividend payable at the election of shareholders either in cash or in additional shares, we will give prior notice thereof to the depositary bank and will indicate whether we wish the elective distribution to be made available to you. In such case, we will assist the depositary bank in determining whether such distribution is lawful and reasonably practicable.
The depositary bank will make the election available to you only if it is reasonably practicable and if we have provided all of the documentation contemplated in the deposit agreement. In such case, the depositary bank will establish procedures to enable you to elect to receive either cash or additional ADSs, in each case as described in the deposit agreement.
If the election is not made available to you, you will receive either cash or additional ADSs, depending on what a shareholder in France would receive upon failing to make an election, as more fully described in the deposit agreement.
Other Distributions
Whenever we intend to distribute property other than cash, ordinary shares or rights to subscribe for additional ordinary shares, we will notify the depositary bank in advance and will indicate whether we wish such distribution to be made to you. If so, we will assist the depositary bank in determining whether such distribution to holders is lawful and reasonably practicable.
If it is reasonably practicable to distribute such property to you and if we provide to the depositary bank all of the documentation contemplated in the deposit agreement, the depositary bank will distribute the property to the holders in a manner it deems practicable.
The distribution will be made net of fees, expenses, taxes and governmental charges payable by holders under the terms of the deposit agreement. In order to pay such taxes and governmental charges, the depositary bank may sell all or a portion of the property received.
The depositary bank will not distribute the property to you and will sell the property if:
We do not request that the property be distributed to you or if we request that the property not be distributed to you; or
We do not deliver satisfactory documents to the depositary bank; or
The depositary bank determines that all or a portion of the distribution to you is not reasonably practicable.
The proceeds of such a sale will be distributed to holders as in the case of a cash distribution.
Redemption
Whenever we decide to redeem any of the securities on deposit with the custodian, we will notify the depositary bank in advance. If it is practicable and if we provide all of the documentation contemplated in the deposit agreement, the depositary bank will provide notice of the redemption to the holders.
The custodian will be instructed to surrender the shares being redeemed against payment of the applicable redemption price. The depositary bank will convert into U.S. dollars upon the terms of the deposit agreement the redemption funds received in a currency other than U.S. dollars and will establish procedures to enable holders to receive the net proceeds from the redemption upon surrender of their ADSs to the depositary bank. You may have to pay fees, expenses, taxes and other governmental charges upon the redemption of your ADSs. If less than all ADSs
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are being redeemed, the ADSs to be retired will be selected by lot or on a pro rata basis, as the depositary bank may determine.
Changes Affecting Ordinary Shares
The ordinary shares held on deposit for your ADSs may change from time to time. For example, there may be a change in nominal or par value, split-up, cancellation, consolidation or any other reclassification of such ordinary shares or a recapitalization, reorganization, merger, consolidation or sale of assets of the company.
If any such change were to occur, your ADSs would, to the extent permitted by law and the deposit agreement, represent the right to receive the property received or exchanged in respect of the ordinary shares held on deposit. The depositary bank may in such circumstances deliver new ADSs to you, amend the deposit agreement, the ADRs and the applicable Registration Statement(s) on Form F-6, call for the exchange of your existing ADSs for new ADSs and take any other actions that are appropriate to reflect as to the ADSs the change affecting the Shares. If the depositary bank may not lawfully distribute such property to you, the depositary bank may sell such property and distribute the net proceeds to you as in the case of a cash distribution.
Issuance of ADSs upon Deposit of Ordinary Shares
Upon completion of the global offering, the ordinary shares being offered pursuant to the prospectus will be deposited by us with the custodian. Upon receipt of confirmation of such deposit, the depositary bank will issue ADSs to the underwriters named in the prospectus. After the completion of the global offering, the ordinary shares that are being offered for sale pursuant to the prospectus will be deposited by us with the custodian. Upon receipt of confirmation of such deposit, the depositary bank will issue ADSs to the underwriters named in the prospectus.
After the closing of the offer, the depositary bank may create ADSs on your behalf if you or your broker deposit ordinary shares with the custodian. The depositary bank will deliver these ADSs to the person you indicate only after you pay any applicable issuance fees and any charges and taxes payable for the transfer of the ordinary shares to the custodian. Your ability to deposit ordinary shares and receive ADSs may be limited by U.S. and French legal considerations applicable at the time of deposit.
The issuance of ADSs may be delayed until the depositary bank or the custodian receives confirmation that all required approvals have been given and that the ordinary shares have been duly transferred to the custodian. The depositary bank will only issue ADSs in whole numbers.
When you make a deposit of ordinary shares, you will be responsible for transferring good and valid title to the depositary bank. As such, you will be deemed to represent and warrant that:
The ordinary shares are duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid, non-assessable and legally obtained.
All preemptive (and similar) rights, if any, with respect to such ordinary shares have been validly waived or exercised.
You are duly authorized to deposit the ordinary shares.
The ordinary shares presented for deposit are free and clear of any lien, encumbrance, security interest, charge, mortgage or adverse claim, and are not, and the ADSs issuable upon such deposit will not be, “restricted securities” (as defined in the deposit agreement).
The ordinary shares presented for deposit have not been stripped of any rights or entitlements.
If any of the representations or warranties are incorrect in any way, we and the depositary bank may, at your cost and expense, take any and all actions necessary to correct the consequences of the misrepresentations.
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Transfer, Combination and Split Up of ADRs
As an ADR holder, you will be entitled to transfer, combine or split up your ADRs and the ADSs evidenced thereby. For transfers of ADRs, you will have to surrender the ADRs to be transferred to the depositary bank and also must:
ensure that the surrendered ADR is properly endorsed or otherwise in proper form for transfer;
provide such proof of identity and genuineness of signatures as the depositary bank deems appropriate;
provide any transfer stamps required by the State of New York or the United States; and
pay all applicable fees, charges, expenses, taxes and other government charges payable by ADR holders pursuant to the terms of the deposit agreement, upon the transfer of ADRs.
To have your ADRs either combined or split up, you must surrender the ADRs in question to the depositary bank with your request to have them combined or split up, and you must pay all applicable fees, charges and expenses payable by ADR holders, pursuant to the terms of the deposit agreement, upon a combination or split up of ADRs.
Withdrawal of Ordinary shares Upon Cancellation of ADSs
As a holder, you will be entitled to present your ADSs to the depositary bank for cancellation and then receive the corresponding number of underlying ordinary shares at the custodian’s offices. Your ability to withdraw the ordinary shares held in respect of the ADSs may be limited by U.S. and French law considerations applicable at the time of withdrawal. In order to withdraw the ordinary shares represented by your ADSs, you will be required to pay to the depositary bank the fees for cancellation of ADSs and any charges and taxes payable upon the transfer of the ordinary shares. You assume the risk for delivery of all funds and securities upon withdrawal. Once canceled, the ADSs will not have any rights under the deposit agreement.
If you hold ADSs registered in your name, the depositary bank may ask you to provide proof of identity and genuineness of any signature and such other documents as the depositary bank may deem appropriate before it will cancel your ADSs. The withdrawal of the ordinary shares represented by your ADSs may be delayed until the depositary bank receives satisfactory evidence of compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. Please keep in mind that the depositary bank will only accept ADSs for cancellation that represent a whole number of securities on deposit.
You will have the right to withdraw the securities represented by your ADSs at any time except for:
Temporary delays that may arise because (i) the transfer books for the ordinary shares or ADSs are closed, or (ii) ordinary shares are immobilized on account of a shareholders’ meeting or a payment of dividends.
Obligations to pay fees, taxes and similar charges.
Restrictions imposed because of laws or regulations applicable to ADSs or the withdrawal of securities on deposit.
The deposit agreement may not be modified to impair your right to withdraw the securities represented by your ADSs except to comply with mandatory provisions of law.
Voting Rights
As a holder, you generally have the right under the deposit agreement to instruct the depositary bank to exercise the voting rights for the ordinary shares represented by your ADSs. The voting rights of holders of ordinary shares are described in the section of this prospectus entitled “Description of Share Capital—Voting Rights (Article 12 of the Bylaws).”
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At our request, the depositary bank will distribute to you any notice of shareholders’ meeting received from us together with information explaining how to instruct the depositary bank to exercise the voting rights of the securities represented by ADSs. In lieu of distributing such materials, the depositary bank may distribute to holders of ADSs instructions on how to retrieve such materials upon request.
If the depositary bank timely receives voting instructions from a holder of ADSs, it will endeavor to vote the securities (in person or by proxy) represented by the holder’s ADSs in accordance with such voting instructions.
If the depositary receives voting instructions from a holder of ADSs that fail to specify the manner in which the depositary is to vote, the depositary will deem such holder (unless otherwise specified in the notice distributed to holders) to have instructed the depositary to vote in favor of all resolutions endorsed by our board of directors. With respect to securities represented by ADSs for which no timely voting instructions are received by the depositary from the holder, the depositary will (unless otherwise specified in the notice distributed to holders) deem such holder to have instructed the depositary to give a discretionary proxy to a person designated by us to vote the securities. However, no such discretionary proxy will be given by the depositary with respect to any matter to be voted upon as to which we inform the depositary that we do not wish such proxy to be given, substantial opposition exists, or the rights of holders of securities may be materially adversely affected. Please note that the ability of the depositary bank to carry out voting instructions may be limited by practical and legal limitations and the terms of the securities on deposit. We cannot assure you that you will receive voting materials in time to enable you to return voting instructions to the depositary bank in a timely manner.
Fees and Expenses
Pursuant to the terms of the amended and restated deposit agreement, the holders of our ADSs are required to pay the following fees to the depositary bank:
 
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Service Fees
Issuance of ADSs (e.g., an issuance of ADS upon a deposit of ordinary shares, upon a change in the ADSs-to-ordinary shares ratio, or for any other reason), excluding ADS issuances as a result of distributions of ordinary shares) Up to U.S. 5¢ per ADS issued
  
Cancellation of ADSs (e.g., a cancellation of ADSs for delivery of deposited property, upon a change in the ADSs-to ordinary shares ratio, or for any other reason) Up to U.S. 5¢ per ADS cancelled
  
Distribution of cash dividends or other cash distributions (e.g., upon a sale of rights and other entitlements) Up to U.S. 5¢ per ADS held
  
Distribution of ADSs pursuant to (i) stock dividends or other free stock distributions, or (ii) exercise of rights to purchase additional ADSs Up to U.S. 5¢ per ADS held
  
Distribution of securities other than ADSs or rights to purchase additional ADSs (e.g., upon a spin-off) Up to U.S. 5¢ per ADS held
  
ADS Services Up to U.S. 5¢ per ADS held on the applicable record date(s) established by the depositary bank
  
Registration of ADS transfers (e.g., upon a registration of the transfer of registered ownership of ADSs, upon a transfer of ADSs into DTC and vice versa, or for any other reason)
 Up to U.S. 5¢ per ADS (or fraction thereof) transferred
  
Conversion of ADSs of one series for ADSs of another series (e.g., upon conversion of Partial Entitlement ADSs for Full Entitlement ADSs, or upon conversion of Restricted ADSs (each as defined in the Deposit Agreement) into freely transferable ADSs, and vice versa).
 Up to U.S. 5¢ per ADS (or fraction thereof) converted
 
ADS holders are responsible to pay certain charges such as:
taxes (including applicable interest and penalties) and other governmental charges;
the registration fees as may from time to time be in effect for the registration of ordinary shares on the share register and applicable to transfers of ordinary shares to or from the name of the custodian, the depositary bank or any nominees upon the making of deposits and withdrawals, respectively;
certain cable, telex and facsimile transmission and delivery expenses;
the fees, expenses, spreads, taxes and other charges of the depositary bank and/or service providers (which may be a division, branch or affiliate of the depositary bank) in the conversion of foreign currency;
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the reasonable and customary out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the depositary bank in connection with compliance with exchange control regulations and other regulatory requirements applicable to ordinary shares, ADSs and ADRs; and
the fees, charges, costs and expenses incurred by the depositary bank, the custodian, or any nominee in connection with the ADR program.

ADS fees and charges for (i) the issuance of ADSs, and (ii) the cancellation of ADSs are charged to the person for whom the ADSs are issued (in the case of ADS issuances) and to the person for whom ADSs are cancelled (in the case of ADS cancellations). In the case of ADSs issued by the depositary bank into DTC, the ADS issuance and cancellation fees and charges may be deducted from distributions made through DTC, and may be charged to the DTC participant(s) receiving the ADSs being issued or the DTC participant(s) holding the ADSs being cancelled, as the case may be, on behalf of the beneficial owner(s) and will be charged by the DTC participant(s) to the account of the applicable beneficial owner(s) in accordance with the procedures and practices of the DTC participants as in effect at the time. ADS fees and charges in respect of distributions and the ADS service fee are charged to the holders as of the applicable ADS record date. In the case of distributions of cash, the amount of the applicable ADS fees and charges is deducted from the funds being distributed. In the case of (i) distributions other than cash and (ii) the ADS service fee, holders as of the ADS record date will be invoiced for the amount of the ADS fees and charges and such ADS fees and charges may be deducted from distributions made to holders of ADSs. For ADSs held through DTC, the ADS fees and charges for distributions other than cash and the ADS service fee may be deducted from distributions made through DTC, and may be charged to the DTC participants in accordance with the procedures and practices prescribed by DTC and the DTC participants in turn charge the amount of such ADS fees and charges to the beneficial owners for whom they hold ADSs. In the case of (i) registration of ADS transfers, the ADS transfer fee will be payable by the ADS Holder whose ADSs are being transferred or by the person to whom the ADSs are transferred, and (ii) conversion of ADSs of one series for ADSs of another series, the ADS conversion fee will be payable by the Holder whose ADSs are converted or by the person to whom the converted ADSs are delivered.
In the event of refusal to pay the depositary bank fees, the depositary bank may, under the terms of the deposit agreement, refuse the requested service until payment is received or may set off the amount of the depositary bank fees from any distribution to be made to the ADS holder. Note that the fees and charges you may be required to pay may vary over time and may be changed by us and by the depositary bank. You will receive prior notice of such changes. The depositary bank may reimburse us for certain expenses incurred by us in respect of the ADR program, by making available a portion of the ADS fees charged in respect of the ADR program or otherwise, upon such terms and conditions as we and the depositary bank agree from time to time.
Amendments and Termination
We may agree with the depositary bank to modify the deposit agreement at any time without your consent. We undertake to give holders 30 days’ prior notice of any modifications that would materially prejudice any of their substantial rights under the deposit agreement. We will not consider to be materially prejudicial to your substantial rights any modifications or supplements that are reasonably necessary for the ADSs to be registered under the Securities Act or to be eligible for book-entry settlement, in each case without imposing or increasing the fees and charges you are required to pay. In addition, we may not be able to provide you with prior notice of any modifications or supplements that are required to accommodate compliance with applicable provisions of law.
You will be bound by the modifications to the deposit agreement if you continue to hold your ADSs after the modifications to the deposit agreement become effective. The deposit agreement cannot be amended to prevent you from withdrawing the ordinary shares represented by your ADSs (except as permitted by law).
We have the right to direct the depositary bank to terminate the deposit agreement. Similarly, the depositary bank may in certain circumstances on its own initiative terminate the deposit agreement. In either case, the depositary
52


bank must give notice to the holders at least 30 days before termination. Until termination, your rights under the deposit agreement will be unaffected.
After termination, the depositary bank will continue to collect distributions received (but will not distribute any such property until you request the cancellation of your ADSs) and may sell the securities held on deposit. After the sale, the depositary bank will hold the proceeds from such sale and any other funds then held for the holders of ADSs in a non-interest bearing account. At that point, the depositary bank will have no further obligations to holders other than to account for the funds then held for the holders of ADSs still outstanding (after deduction of applicable fees, taxes and expenses).
In connection with any termination of the deposit agreement, the depositary bank may make available to owners of ADSs a means to withdraw the ordinary shares represented by ADSs and to direct the depositary of such ordinary shares into an unsponsored American depositary share program established by the depositary bank. The ability to receive unsponsored American depositary shares upon termination of the deposit agreement would be subject to satisfaction of certain U.S. regulatory requirements applicable to the creation of unsponsored American depositary shares and the payment of applicable depositary fees.
Books of Depositary
The depositary bank will maintain ADS holder records at its depositary office. You may inspect such records at such office during regular business hours but solely for the purpose of communicating with other holders in the interest of business matters relating to the ADSs and the deposit agreement.
The depositary bank will maintain in New York facilities to record and process the issuance, cancellation, combination, split-up and transfer of ADSs. These facilities may be closed from time to time, to the extent not prohibited by law.
Limitations on Obligations and Liabilities
The deposit agreement limits our obligations and the depositary bank’s obligations to you. Please note the following:
We and the depositary bank are obligated only to take the actions specifically stated in the deposit agreement without negligence or bad faith.
The depositary bank disclaims any liability for any failure to carry out voting instructions, for any manner in which a vote is cast or for the effect of any vote, provided it acts in good faith and in accordance with the terms of the deposit agreement.
The depositary bank disclaims any liability for any failure to determine the lawfulness or practicality of any action, for the content of any document forwarded to you on our behalf or for the accuracy of any translation of such a document, for the investment risks associated with investing in ordinary shares, for the validity or worth of the ordinary shares, for any tax consequences that result from the ownership of ADSs, for the credit-worthiness of any third party, for allowing any rights to lapse under the terms of the deposit agreement, for the timeliness of any of our notices or for our failure to give notice.
We and the depositary bank will not be obligated to perform any act that is inconsistent with the terms of the deposit agreement.
We and the depositary bank disclaim any liability if we or the depositary bank are prevented or forbidden from or subject to any civil or criminal penalty or restraint on account of, or delayed in, doing or performing any act or thing required by the terms of the deposit agreement, by reason of any provision, present or future of any law or regulation, or by reason of present or future provision of any provision of our Articles of Incorporation, or any provision of or governing the securities on deposit, or by reason of any act of God or war or other circumstances beyond our control.
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We and the depositary bank disclaim any liability by reason of any exercise of, or failure to exercise, any discretion provided for in the deposit agreement or in our Articles of Incorporation or in any provisions of or governing the securities on deposit.
We and the depositary bank further disclaim any liability for any action or inaction in reliance on the advice or information received from legal counsel, accountants, any person presenting Shares for deposit, any holder of ADSs or authorized representatives thereof, or any other person believed by either of us in good faith to be competent to give such advice or information.
We and the depositary bank also disclaim liability for the inability by a holder to benefit from any distribution, offering, right or other benefit that is made available to holders of ordinary shares but is not, under the terms of the deposit agreement, made available to you.
We and the depositary bank may rely without any liability upon any written notice, request or other document believed to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper parties.
We and the depositary bank also disclaim liability for any consequential or punitive damages for any breach of the terms of the deposit agreement.
No disclaimer of any Securities Act liability is intended by any provision of the deposit agreement.
Nothing in the deposit agreement gives rise to a partnership or joint venture, or establishes a fiduciary relationship, among us, the depositary bank and you as ADS holder.
Nothing in the deposit agreement precludes Citibank (or its affiliates) from engaging in transactions in which parties adverse to us or the ADS owners have interests, and nothing in the deposit agreement obligates Citibank to disclose those transactions, or any information obtained in the course of those transactions, to us or to the ADS owners, or to account for any payment received as part of those transactions.
Taxes
You will be responsible for the taxes and other governmental charges payable on the ADSs and the securities represented by the ADSs. We, the depositary bank and the custodian may deduct from any distribution the taxes and governmental charges payable by holders and may sell any and all property on deposit to pay the taxes and governmental charges payable by holders. You will be liable for any deficiency if the sale proceeds do not cover the taxes that are due.
The depositary bank may refuse to issue ADSs, to deliver, transfer, split and combine ADRs or to release securities on deposit until all taxes and charges are paid by the applicable holder. The depositary bank and the custodian may take reasonable administrative actions to obtain tax refunds and reduced tax withholding for any distributions on your behalf. However, you may be required to provide to the depositary bank and to the custodian proof of taxpayer status and residence and such other information as the depositary bank and the custodian may require to fulfill legal obligations. You are required to indemnify us, the depositary bank and the custodian for any claims with respect to taxes based on any tax benefit obtained for you.
Foreign Currency Conversion
The depositary bank will arrange for the conversion of all foreign currency received into U.S. dollars if such conversion is practical, and it will distribute the U.S. dollars in accordance with the terms of the deposit agreement. You may have to pay fees and expenses incurred in converting foreign currency, such as fees and expenses incurred in complying with currency exchange controls and other governmental requirements.
If the conversion of foreign currency is not practical or lawful, or if any required approvals are denied or not obtainable at a reasonable cost or within a reasonable period, the depositary bank may take the following actions in its discretion:
54


Convert the foreign currency to the extent practical and lawful and distribute the U.S. dollars to the holders for whom the conversion and distribution is lawful and practical.
Distribute the foreign currency to holders for whom the distribution is lawful and practical.
Hold the foreign currency (without liability for interest) for the applicable holders.
Governing Law/Waiver of Jury Trial
The deposit agreement, the ADRs and the ADSs will be interpreted in accordance with the laws of the State of New York. The rights of holders of ordinary shares (including ordinary shares represented by ADSs) are governed by the laws of France.
AS A PARTY TO THE DEPOSIT AGREEMENT, YOU IRREVOCABLY WAIVE, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, YOUR RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LEGAL PROCEEDING ARISING OUT OF THE DEPOSIT AGREEMENT OR THE ADRs AGAINST US AND/OR THE DEPOSITARY BANK.
The deposit agreement provides that, to the extent permitted by law, ADS holders waive the right to a jury trial of any claim they may have against us or the depositary arising out of or relating to our ordinary shares, the ADSs or the deposit agreement, including any claim under U.S. federal securities laws. If we or the depositary opposed a jury trial demand based on the waiver, the court would determine whether the waiver was enforceable in the facts and circumstances of that case in accordance with applicable case law. However, you will not be deemed, by agreeing to the terms of the deposit agreement, to have waived our or the depositary’s compliance with U.S. federal securities laws and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
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TAXATION

The material U.S. federal income tax consequences relating to the purchase, ownership and disposition of any of the securities offered by this prospectus will be set forth in the prospectus supplement pertaining to those securities.
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LEGAL MATTERS

Unless the applicable prospectus supplement indicates otherwise, the validity of our ordinary shares, including ordinary shares in the form of the ADSs, and certain other matters governed by French law will be passed on for us by Linklaters LLP, Paris, France. Linklaters LLP, New York, New York, will be representing us in regards to certain matters governed by U.S. law in connection with any offering. Additional legal matters may be passed upon for any underwriters, dealers or agents by counsel that we will name in the applicable prospectus supplement.
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EXPERTS

The consolidated financial statements of Innate Pharma S.A. as of and for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017 incorporated by reference in this prospectus from the company's Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2019, have been audited by Deloitte & Associés, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report, which is incorporated herein by reference. Such consolidated financial statements have been so incorporated herein by reference in reliance upon the report of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.
The offices of Deloitte & Associés are located at 6 place de la Pyramide, 92908 Paris la Défense Cedex.
.
 

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ENFORCEMENT OF CIVIL LIABILITIES

We are a corporation organized under the laws of France. The majority of our members of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board are citizens and residents of countries other than the United States, and the majority of our assets are located outside of the United States. We have appointed an agent for service of process in the United States; however, it may be difficult for investors:
to obtain jurisdiction over us or our non-U.S. resident members of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board in U.S. courts in actions predicated on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws;
to enforce judgments obtained in such actions against us or our non-U.S. resident members of the Executive Board and supervisory;
to bring an original action in a French court to enforce liabilities based upon the U.S. federal securities laws against us or our non-U.S. resident members of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board; and
to enforce against us or our Executive Board in non-U.S. courts, including French courts, judgments of U.S. courts predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws.
Nevertheless, a final judgment for the payment of money rendered by any federal or state court in the United States based on civil liability, whether or not predicated solely upon the U.S. federal securities laws, would be recognized and enforced in France provided that a French judge considers that this judgment meets the French legal requirements concerning the recognition and the enforcement of foreign judgments and is capable of being immediately enforced in the United States. A French court is therefore likely to grant the enforcement of a foreign judgment without a review of the merits of the underlying claim, only if (1) that judgment is enforceable in the jurisdiction of the U.S. court which rendered it, (2) that judgment was rendered by a court having jurisdiction over the dispute (the condition will be met if the dispute is clearly connected to the jurisdiction of the U.S. court and French courts did not have exclusive jurisdiction over the matter), (3) that judgment does not contravene French international public order and public policy, including the right to due process, and (4) the U.S. judgment is not tainted with fraud and is not incompatible with a judgment rendered by a French court in the same matter, or with an earlier judgment rendered by a foreign court in the same matter.
In addition, French law guarantees full compensation for the harm suffered but is limited to the actual damages, so that the victim does not suffer or benefit from the situation. Such system excludes damages such as, but not limited to, punitive and exemplary damages.
As a result, the enforcement, by U.S. investors, of any judgments obtained in U.S. courts in civil and commercial matters, including judgments under the U.S. federal securities law against us or members of Executive Board and Supervisory Board or certain experts named herein who are residents of France or countries other than the United States would be subject to the above conditions.
Finally, there may be doubt as to whether a French court would impose civil liability on us, the members of Executive Board and Supervisory Board or certain experts named herein in an original action predicated solely upon the U.S. federal securities laws brought in a court of competent jurisdiction in France against us or such members, officers or experts, respectively.
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WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We are subject to the information reporting requirements of the Exchange Act applicable to a foreign private issuers and under those requirements will file annual reports on Form 20-F and other information with the SEC. We also furnish to the SEC under cover of Form 6-K material information required to be made public in France, filed with and made public by any stock exchange on which we are listed or distributed by us to our shareholders. As a foreign private issuer, we are exempt from, among other things, the rules under the Exchange Act prescribing the furnishing and content of proxy statements and our officers, directors and principal shareholders are exempt from the reporting and short-swing profit recovery provisions contained in Section 16 of the Exchange Act.
The SEC maintains a web site that contains reports and information statements and other information about issuers, such as us, who file electronically with the SEC. The address of that website is www.sec.gov.
This prospectus and any prospectus supplement are part of a registration statement on Form F-3 that we filed with the SEC and do not contain all of the information in the registration statement. The full registration statement may be obtained from the SEC or us, as provided below. Forms of the documents establishing the terms of the offered securities are or may be filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. Statements in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement about these documents are summaries and each statement is qualified in all respects by reference to the document to which it refers. You should refer to the actual documents for a more complete description of the relevant matters. You may inspect a copy of the registration statement through the SEC’s website, as provided above.
We also maintain a website at www.innate-pharma.com through which you can access our SEC filings. The information set forth on our website is not part of this prospectus.
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INCORPORATION OF DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” information that we file with them. Incorporation by reference allows us to disclose important information to you by referring you to those other documents. The information incorporated by reference is an important part of this prospectus, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information. We filed a registration statement on Form F-3 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, with the SEC with respect to the securities we may offer pursuant to this prospectus. This prospectus omits certain information contained in the registration statement, as permitted by the SEC. You should refer to the registration statement, including the exhibits, for further information about us and the securities we may offer pursuant to this prospectus. Statements in this prospectus regarding the provisions of certain documents filed with, or incorporated by reference in, the registration statement are not necessarily complete and each statement is qualified in all respects by that reference. Copies of all or any part of the registration statement, including the documents incorporated by reference or the exhibits, may be obtained upon payment of the prescribed rates at the offices of the SEC listed above in “Where You Can Find More Information.” The documents we are incorporating by reference are:
our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on April 24, 2020;
our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on April 28, 2020, including exhibit 99.1 thereto; our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on May 14, 2020, including exhibit 99.1 thereto; our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on June 24, 2020, including exhibit 99.1 thereto; our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on July 16, 2020, including exhibit 99.1 thereto; our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on July 29, 2020, including exhibit 99.1 thereto; our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on September 8, 2020, including exhibit 99.2 thereto (but excluding the statutory auditors' review report on the half-yearly financial information and any reference thereto included therein); our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on October 23, 2020, including exhibit 99.1 thereto; our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on November 17, 2020, including exhibit 99.1 thereto; our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on December 11, 2020, including exhibit 99.1 thereto and our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on January 5, 2021 including exhibit 99.1; and
the description of ADSs representing our ordinary shares contained in our Registration Statement on Form 8-A filed with the SEC on October 10, 2019, including any amendments or reports filed for the purpose of updating such description.

The financial information included in exhibit 99.2 to our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the SEC on September September 8, 2020 and incorporated therein by reference is unaudited.

We are also incorporating by reference all subsequent Annual Reports on Form 20-F that we file with the SEC and certain reports on Form 6-K that we furnish to the SEC after the date of this prospectus (if they state that they are incorporated by reference into this prospectus) prior to the termination of this offering. In all cases, you should rely on the later information over different information included in this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement.
Unless expressly incorporated by reference, nothing in this prospectus shall be deemed to incorporate by reference information furnished to, but not filed with, the SEC. Copies of all documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus, other than exhibits to those documents unless such exhibits are specifically incorporated by reference in this prospectus, will be provided at no cost to each person, including any beneficial owner, who receives a copy of this prospectus on the written or oral request of that person made to:
Innate Pharma S.A.
117 Avenue de Luminy—BP 30191
61


13009 Marseille, France
+ 33 (0) 4 30 30 30 30
You may also access these documents on our website, www.innate-pharma.com. The information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not a part of this prospectus. We have included our website address in this prospectus solely as an inactive textual reference.
You should rely only on information contained in, or incorporated by reference into, this prospectus. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with information different from that contained in this prospectus or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We are not making offers to sell the securities in any jurisdiction in which such an offer or solicitation is not authorized or in which the person making such offer or solicitation is not qualified to do so or to anyone to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation.
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EXPENSES ASSOCIATED WITH REGISTRATION



The following is an estimate of the expenses (all of which are to be paid by us) that we may incur in connection with the securities being registered hereby, other than the SEC registration fee and the FINRA filing fee.
 
SEC registration fee$21,820
FINRA filing fee$30,500
Legal fees and expenses     (1)
Accounting fees and expenses     (1)
Printing expenses     (1)
Miscellaneous expenses     (1)
  
Total$    (1)
  
 
(1)These fees will be determined and calculated at the time of each issuance of securities pursuant to this registration statement and accordingly cannot be estimated at this time.
 
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PART II
INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS
Item 8. Indemnification of Directors and Officers.
Under French law, provisions of bylaws that limit the liability of the members of Executive and Supervisory Boards are prohibited. However, French law allows sociétés anonymes to contract for and maintain liability insurance against civil liabilities incurred by members of Executive and Supervisory Boards involved in a third-party action, provided that they acted in good faith and within their capacities as members of such board of the company. Criminal liability cannot be indemnified under French law, whether directly by the company or through liability insurance.
We have liability insurance for our Executive and Supervisory Board members, and insurance coverage for liability under the Securities Act. We also entered into agreements with our Executive and Supervisory Board members to provide contractual indemnification. With certain exceptions and subject to limitations on indemnification under French law, these agreements provide for indemnification for damages and expenses including, among other things, attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines and settlement amounts incurred by any of these individuals in any action or proceeding arising out of his or her actions in that capacity. We believe that this insurance and these agreements are necessary to attract qualified Executive and Supervisory Board members.
These agreements may discourage shareholders from bringing a lawsuit against our Executive and Supervisory Board members for breach of their fiduciary duty. These provisions also may have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against our Executive and Supervisory Board members, even though such an action, if successful, might otherwise benefit us and our shareholders. Furthermore, a shareholder’s investment may be adversely affected to the extent we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against our Executive and Supervisory Board members pursuant to these insurance agreements.
Item 9. Exhibits.
The following exhibits are filed with this registration statement or are incorporated herein by reference.
Exhibit
Number
Exhibit Description  
Filed
Herewith
   
Incorporated
by Reference
herein from
Form or
Schedule
   Filing Date   
SEC File/
Reg.
Number
 
  1.1*Form of Underwriting Agreement.        
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  3.1    X   

    

     
  4.1       
F-1
(Exhibit 4.1)
    September 20, 2019    
333-233865
 
  4.2       
F-1
(Exhibit 4.2)
 
 
   September 20, 2019    
333-233865
 
  5.1     X       
23.1     X       
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23.2  Consent of Linklaters LLP, Paris (included in Exhibit 5.1).   X       
24.1  Power of Attorney (included on signature page).   X       
 
*To be subsequently filed, if applicable, by an amendment to this registration statement or by a Report on Form 6-K and incorporated herein by reference.
 
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Item 10. Undertakings.

(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;
(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20 percent change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and
(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
provided, however, that paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii), and (a)(1)(iii) above do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to section 13 or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is a part of the registration statement.
(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
(4) To file a post-effective amendment to the registration statement to include any financial statements required by Item 8.A of Form 20-F at the start of any delayed offering or throughout a continuous offering. Financial statements and information otherwise required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933 need not be furnished, provided, that the registrant includes in the prospectus, by means of a post-effective amendment, financial statements required pursuant to this paragraph (a)(4) and other information necessary to ensure that all other information in the prospectus is at least as current as the date of those financial statements. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to registration statements on Form F-3, a post-effective amendment need not be filed to include financial statements and information required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933, or Item 8.A of Form 20-F if such financial statements and information are contained in periodic reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to section 13 or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the Form F-3.
(5) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:
(i) Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and
(ii) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used
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after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.
(6) That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities:
The undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:
(i) Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;
(ii) Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
(iii) The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
(iv) Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.
(7) That, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the Registrant’s Annual Report pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s Annual Report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(9) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the Registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the Registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the Registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the Registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the Registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form F-3 and has duly caused this Registration Statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in Marseille, France on January 13, 2021.
 
 
INNATE PHARMA S.A.
By:   
 Name:  Mondher Mahjoubi, M.D.
 Title:  Chief Executive Officer
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POWER OF ATTORNEY AND SIGNATURES

We, the undersigned officers and directors of Innate Pharma S.A. hereby severally constitute and appoint Mondher Mahjoubi and Laure-Hélène Mercier, and each of them singly, our true and lawful attorneys with full power to any of them, and to each of them singly, to sign for us and in our names in the capacities indicated below the Registration Statement on Form F-3 filed herewith and any and all amendments (including post-effective amendments) to said Registration Statement, and any registration statement filed pursuant to Rule 462 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, in connection with said Registration Statement, and to file or cause to be filed the same, with all exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and generally to do all such things in our name and on our behalf in our capacities as officers and directors to enable Innate Pharma S.A. to comply with the provisions of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and all requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys, and each of them, or their substitute or substitutes, shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this Registration Statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.






70


SignatureTitleDate
Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Executive Board, Member of the Executive Committee
(Principal Executive Officer)
January 13, 2021
Mondher Mahjoubi, M.D.
Chief Financial Officer, Member of the Executive Board, EVP, Member of the Executive Committee
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
January 13, 2021
Laure-Hélène Mercier
Chairman of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Hervé Brailly, Ph.D.
Member and Vice Chairman of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Irina Staatz-Granzer, Ph.D.
Member of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Jean-Yves Blay, Ph.D.
Member of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Gilles Brisson
Member of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Véronique Chabernaud, M.D.
Member of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Maïlys Ferrere
Member of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Patrick Langlois, Ph.D.
Member of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Marcus Schindler, Ph.D.
Member of the Supervisory BoardJanuary 13, 2021
Pascale Boissel
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SIGNATURE OF AUTHORIZED U.S. REPRESENTATIVE

Pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the undersigned, the duly authorized representative in the United States of Innate Pharma S.A., has signed this registration statement on January 13, 2021.
 
Innate Pharma, Inc.
By:   
 Name:  Mondher Mahjoubi, M.D.
 Title:  President
 


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Exhibit 5.1
Exhibit 23.1
73
Document
TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
INNATE PHARMA SA
A corporation with executive board and supervisory board with a share capital of EUR 3,949,757.35
Registered Office: 117, avenue de Luminy, 13009 Marseille
424 365 336 Registry of Trade and Companies of Marseille

















ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION (BY-LAWS)



























Amended by the Executive Board of July 13, 2020TITLE I


TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
FORM – NAME – REGISTERED OFFICE – OBJECT - DURATION


ARTICLE 1 - Form

The Company was incorporated in the form of a Simplified Share Company governed by applicable statutory provisions and by these articles of association.

The Company was transformed into a Corporation with a Executive Board and a Supervisory Board by a decision of the Mixed Meeting of Shareholders of 13 June 2005. It is governed by the statutory and regulatory provisions in force and by these articles of association.


ARTICLE 2 – Corporate Name

The name of the Company is INNATE PHARMA.

On any instruments or documents issued by the Company, the name of the Company must be immediately preceded or followed by the words “Corporation with Executive Board and Supervisory Board” and a statement of the share capital.


ARTICLE 3 - Registered Office

The registered office is at 117, avenue de Luminy, 13009 Marseille.

It may be transferred within the same administrative department or to a neighbouring administrative department by a decision of the Supervisory Board subject to ratification by the Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders.


ARTICLE 4 - Purpose

The purpose of the Company is, directly or indirectly, in France and abroad, to:

carry out, on its own behalf or on behalf of third parties, any research, development, studies and development of manufacturing or marketing procedures for pharmaceutical products;

register or grant any patent or licence directly or indirectly connected with its activity; and

more generally, carry out any transactions of any kind whatsoever including economic, legal, financial, civil or commercial transactions which may be directly or indirectly related to the corporate purposes or to any similar, related or complementary objects.


ARTICLE 5 - Duration

Unless it is extended or wound up early, the Company shall have a duration of 99 years which starts from the day of its registration at the Registry of Trade and Companies.

Decisions to extend the duration of the Company or to wind it up early shall be taken collectively by the shareholders.



TITLE II
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
CONTRIBUTION - SHARE CAPITAL – FORM OF SHARES - RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS ATTACHED TO SHARES



ARTICLE 6 – Share Capital

The share capital is € 3,949,757.35 (three million nine hundred forty-nine thousand seven hundred fifty-seven euros and thirty-five cents). It is divided into 78,980,640 (seventy-eight million nine hundred eighty thousand six hundred forty) ordinary shares of zero point zero five (0.05) euro each, 6,926 (six thousand nine hundred twenty-six) preference shares of zero point zero five (0.05) euro each (herein referred to as “2016 Preference Shares”) and 7,581 (seven thousand five hundred eighty-one) preference shares of zero point zero five (0.05) euro each (herein referred to as “2017 Preference Shares”), fully subscribed and fully paid up in cash.


ARTICLE 7 – Modifications of the Share Capital

I.    The share capital may be increased by either the issue of new shares or an increase of the nominal value of existing shares.

New shares are paid up either in cash, by a contribution in kind, by set-off against due and payable receivables, by incorporation of profit, reserves or issue premiums into the share capital, as a result of a merger or demerger, or further to the exercise of a right attached to securities entitling their holder to capital, including, as the case may be, the payment of the corresponding amounts.

New shares are issued at either their nominal amount or at such amount increased by an issue premium.

A share capital increase can only be decided by an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders, following a report by the Executive Board containing the information required by law.

An Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders may, however, delegate such competence to the Executive Board pursuant to the conditions provided by law. Within the limit of the powers so granted by an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders, the Executive Board shall have the powers required to increase the share capital in one or several steps, to determine the terms and conditions thereof, to officially acknowledge the completion thereof and to make the corresponding amendments to the articles of association.

If a share capital increase is decided by a Meeting of Shareholders, it may delegate all the powers required for the completion of the operation to the Executive Board.

If the Executive Board is acting by virtue of a delegation of power or competence, it shall prepare a supplementary report to the Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders held following the meeting of the Executive Board at which such action is taken.

If the share capital is increased by the incorporation of profits, reserves or issue premiums, the Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders shall deliberate pursuant to the conditions of quorum and majority required for Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders. In such case, the Meeting of Shareholders may decide that rights constituting fractional shares shall be neither negotiable nor transferable and that the corresponding securities should be sold. The proceeds of sale shall be allocated to the holders in proportion to their rights.

An increase in share capital by increasing the nominal amount of shares may only be decided by a unanimous decision of the shareholders, unless it is the result of an incorporation of profits, reserves or issue premiums into the share capital.

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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
Shareholders have a preferential right of subscription, in proportion to their shareholdings, to shares issued by way of cash contribution in order to increase the share capital. Shares acquired pursuant to the exercise of this right shall be of the same category as that of the share from which the aforesaid right arises. This also applies to shares resulting from the acquisition of securities other than shares.

Shareholders may dispose of all or part of their subscription rights during the subscription period. Such rights are negotiable if they are detached from shares which are themselves negotiable. If this is not the case, then such subscription rights may be disposed of on the same terms as the shares themselves.

Shareholders may waive their preferential right on an individual basis.

The Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders which decides to increase the share capital may cancel the preferential right to subscription pursuant to the conditions and within the limits set by law, and shall make such decision following the issuance of reports of the Executive Board and the Statutory Auditors, in accordance with the conditions determined by the law and regulations in force.

Shares which have not been subscribed for on an irreducible basis may be allocated to shareholders who may have subscribed on a reducible basis for a greater number of shares than that to which they could have subscribed on a preferential basis, in proportion to their subscription rights, and in any event, within the limit of their request, if the Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders, or, in the case of delegation, the Executive Board, expressly so decides.

If the subscriptions have not, in any respect whatsoever, covered the entire share capital increase, the Executive Board may exercise any one or more of the options provided below, in the order it sees fit:

(i)    limit the share capital increase to the amount of the subscriptions on the dual condition that such subscriptions cover at least three quarters of the amount of the originally determined increase, and that such option has not been expressly prohibited by the Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders at the time of issue;

(ii)    allocate the remaining shares unless the Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders has decided otherwise; and

(iii)    opening the subscription to the public if this has been expressly authorised by the Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders.

If the subscriptions have not covered the entire share capital increase, or three quarters of this increase in the case of (i) above, after such options have been exercised, the share capital increase shall not be carried out.

However, the Executive Board may in any case automatically limit the share capital increase to the amount covered by subscriptions, if unsubscribed shares represent less than 3% of the share capital increase.

In the case of a share capital increase with or without a preferential right of subscription, the Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders may provide that the number of shares may be increased within thirty days of the closure of subscriptions by up to 15% of, and at the same price as for, the original issue.

If the share capital increase produces fractional shares, shareholders with insufficient subscription or allocation rights shall be required personally to acquire or dispose of the subscription rights necessary to obtain delivery of a whole number of new shares.

II.    An Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders (or, in the case of delegation, the Executive Board) may also (subject to the rights of creditors if relevant) authorise or decide upon a reduction of share
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
capital for any reason and by any procedure whatsoever. A reduction in share capital may not, in any event, derogate from the principle of equality between shareholders.

The reduction of share capital to an amount below the legal minimum can only be decided subject to the condition precedent of a share capital increase to at least the statutory minimum, unless the Company is transformed into a company having a different corporate form. In the event that the foregoing principle is not complied with, any interested party may ask the courts to dissolve the Company, provided however that the dissolution of the Company cannot be ordered if, as of the date on which the court rules on the merits, the situation has been rectified.

Subject to the legal and regulatory provisions in force, the Company may not either subscribe to or purchase its own shares. However, if an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders has decided on a reduction of share capital for reasons other than due to losses, it can authorise the Executive Board to purchase a fixed number of shares in order to cancel them.


ARTICLE 8 – Paying Up Shares

At least one quarter of the nominal value of shares subscribed for cash must be paid up on subscription together with the full amount of the issue premium, if relevant.

The remainder must be paid up in one or more instalments, upon calls made by the Executive Board, within five years of the day on which the share capital increase was completed.

Subscribers will be informed of calls for funds by registered letter with confirmation of receipt sent at least fifteen days prior to the date set for each payment.

If a shareholder does not pay the amounts due with respect to the shares for which he has subscribed, on the dates determined by the Executive Board, interest will automatically accrue on such amounts in favour of the Company at the statutory rate defined in Article L. 313-2 of the Monetary and Financial Code, as of the expiry of the month following the date on which they fall due and without the need for a court petition or formal notice. Moreover, when due payments in respect of shares have not been made within thirty days of formal notice sent to the defaulting shareholder, such shares will no longer entitle the holder to admission to shareholders’ meeting and the right to vote in shareholders’ meetings, and shall be deducted for the calculation of the quorum. The right to dividends and the preferential right of subscription to share capital increases attached to these shares shall be suspended. These rights shall be regained on payment of the principal and interest due in respect of the amounts due. A shareholder can then request the payment of dividends that are not time-barred and exercise his preferential right of subscription if the exercise period for such right has not expired.

The share capital must be fully paid up prior to any issue of additional shares to be paid up in cash.


ARTICLE 9 – Form of Shares – Administration of the Share Accounts

Ordinary shares are either in registered form or, if allowed by law, in bearer form, at the shareholder’s discretion. Fully paid-up 2016 Preference Shares are in registered form. Fully paid-up 2017 Preference Shares are in registered form.
Ordinary shares, 2016 Preference Shares and 2017 Preference Shares are registered in individual accounts opened by the Company or any authorised intermediary, in the name of each shareholder and kept according to the conditions and procedures provided by legal and regulatory provisions.

The Company is authorised to rely on statutory provisions, in particular Article L. 228-2 of the Commercial Code, with respect to the identification of the holders of bearer shares and for such purpose it may at any time request the central depositary who administers the share account, to
5


TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
provide the information referred to in Article L. 228-2 of the Commercial Code, in exchange for payment. The Company is therefore, in particular, entitled at any time to request the name and year of birth, or concerning a legal person, the corporate name and year of incorporation, the nationality and the post address and, if applicable, email address of holders of securities which give the right to vote in Meeting of Shareholders, either immediately or in the future, as well as the number of shares held by each of them and, as the case may be, any restrictions which may apply to the shares.
ARTICLE 10 - Transfer of Shares

Registered shares may be transferred by transfer from one account to another.
Ordinary shares paid up in cash are freely transferable as from the completion of the share capital increase. Ordinary shares received in exchange for contribution in kind are freely transferable as from the completion of the share capital increase, i.e. on the date of the Meeting of Shareholders or meeting of the Executive Board, acting under delegation, which approved the contribution, in the case of an in-kind contribution during the life of the company.
Title to ordinary shares is transferred by registration in the buyer’s account, on the date and in accordance with the conditions provided by applicable law and, as the case may be, regulations.
Ordinary shares are freely transferable subject to legislative provisions. 2016 Preference Shares and 2017 Preference Shares are transferable under the conditions set forth in Article 12 of these by-laws.


ARTICLE 11 – Crossing of Thresholds

Any natural person or legal entity referred to under Articles L. 233-7, L. 233-9 and L. 223-10 of the Commercial Code who gains possession, directly or indirectly, alone or in concert, of a number of shares which represent a portion of the share capital or voting rights of the Company equal to or greater than 1% or a multiple of such percentage, must inform the Company of the total number of shares, voting rights and securities granting an interest in capital or voting rights which it owns immediately or would own in the future, by registered mail with confirmation of receipt sent to the registered office of the Company within five trading days starting from the date that the aforesaid threshold(s) were crossed.

The obligation of information provided above also applies in the same conditions when the aforesaid thresholds are crossed downwards.

Shares or voting rights in excess of the portion which should have been declared but which have not been declared pursuant to the aforesaid conditions, are stripped of their rights to vote at shareholders’ meetings for any meeting held within two years following the date of the regularisation of the declaration in accordance with Article L. 233-14 of the Commercial Code, if failure to make the declaration has been observed and if one or more shareholders holding an interest of at least 5% of the share capital of the Company make such request, recorded in the minutes of the Meeting of Shareholders.

The foregoing obligations to declare apply in addition to the threshold crossing declarations provided by legal or regulatory provisions in force.


ARTICLE 12 - Rights and Obligations attached to Shares

The share capital of the Company is divided between ordinary shares, 2016 Preference Shares and 2017 Preference Shares.
I. Rights attached to ordinary shares, 2016 Preference Shares and 2017 Preference Shares
Without prejudice to the rights attached to 2016 Preference Shares and 2017 Preference Shares, each ordinary share entitles to a portion of the corporate profits and assets in proportion to the portion of share capital that it represents.
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
In addition, each ordinary share gives the right to vote and be represented at General Meetings of Shareholders pursuant to the conditions provided by law and in these articles of association. Ordinary shares, 2016 Preference Shares and 2017 Preference Shares (including shares of the Company that might be allocated for free in the framework of a capital increase through the incorporation of reserves, issue premiums or profits) do not grant a double voting right pursuant to the last paragraph of Article L. 225-123 of the French Commercial Code.
Shareholders holding ordinary shares, 2016 Preference Shares and 2017 Preference Shares are only liable up to the nominal amount of the shares which they hold and any request for funds beyond that amount is prohibited.
Ownership of ordinary shares, 2016 Preference Shares and 2017 Preference Shares automatically implies agreement to be bound by the Company’s by-laws and the decisions of the General Meeting of Shareholders.
The heirs, creditors, successors or other representatives of the shareholder holding ordinary shares, 2016 Preference Shares or 2017 Preference Shares cannot request seals to be placed on the Company’s assets and securities or request their distribution or sale by public auction, or to interfere with its management. In order to exercise their rights, they should rely on company records and the decisions of the General Meeting of Shareholders.
Whenever it is necessary to hold several ordinary shares, 2016 Preference Shares or 2017 Preference Shares in order to exercise a right of any kind, in the case of an exchange, regrouping or allocation of securities, or further to a share capital increase or decrease, merger or other corporate transaction, holders of single shares or of less than the number of shares so required will only be able to exercise such right if they themselves collect and, as the case may be, purchase or sell, the required number of securities.
However, the Company may, in the case of an exchange of securities further to a merger or demerger, a share capital reduction, the regrouping or division and mandatory conversion of bearer into registered shares, or the distribution of securities deducted from reserves or in connection with a share capital reduction, or the distribution or allocation of free shares, pursuant to a decision of the Executive Board, sell any securities in respect of which the persons entitled thereto have not requested delivery subject to having carried out the publicity formalities provided by regulations at least two years beforehand.
As from the date of such sale, the prior securities or rights to distribution or allocation shall be cancelled as and when required, and their holders shall only be entitled to the allocation of the net proceeds of sale of unclaimed securities.
II. 2016 Preference Shares
A. Rights attached to 2016 Preference Shares
2016 Preference Shares and the rights of holders thereof are governed by the applicable provisions of the French Commercial Code, in particular Articles 228-11 et seq. thereof.
The maximum number of 2016 Preference Shares that may be allocated is 7,500 shares.
Only the 2016 Preference Shares convertible into ordinary shares pursuant to the terms and conditions specified below benefit from a dividend and are entitled to the reserves, applicable only from the date at which they become convertible. The 2016 Preference Shares that have become convertible will bear rights as from the first day of the financial year preceding the financial year during which they become convertible. The amount of the dividend (and, if applicable, of the portion of the reserves) to which each 2016 Preference Shares entitles is equal to the amount due in respect of an ordinary share, multiplied by the number of ordinary share that can be received from the conversion of each 2016 Preference Shares.
2016 Preference Shares give no preferential subscription right to any capital increase or any operation granting a right on ordinary shares.
In the event of an operation taking place before the 2016 Preference Shares are converted pursuant to paragraph II.B below, the conversion ratio will be adjusted pursuant to the provisions of Article L. 228-99, Paragraph 2, 3° and Paragraph 5 of the French Commercial Code.
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
With regards to the ownership of corporate assets, a 2016 Preference Shares gives right to a portion of the liquidation surplus in proportion to the portion of share capital that it represents.
Only the 2016 Preference Shares convertible into ordinary shares pursuant to the terms and conditions specified below grant the right to vote in the ordinary and extraordinary general meetings of holders of ordinary shares, applicable only from the date at which they become convertible. The number of voting rights granted by each 2016 Preference Share is equal to the number of ordinary shares that can be received from the conversion of each 2016 Preference Share.
2016 Preference Shares grant the right to vote in the special meetings of holders of 2016 Preference Shares. Holders of 2016 Preference Shares are grouped into a special meeting for any proposed modification of the rights attached to 2016 Preference Shares. In addition, pursuant to the provisions of Article L. 228-17 of the French Commercial Code, any proposed merger or demerger of the Company in which 2016 Preference Shares cannot be exchanged for shares with equivalent particular rights will be subject to the approval of any relevant special meeting.
Special meetings can only make valid decisions if the holders of 2016 Preference Shares that are present or represented hold at least, when convened for the first time, one third, and when convened for the second time, one fifth of the 2016 Preference Shares carrying the right to vote. If the capital is modified or adjusted, the rights of holders of 2016 Preference Shares are adjusted so that their rights may be maintained pursuant to Article L. 228-99 of the French Commercial Code. The other rights attached to 2016 Preference Shares are specified in the next paragraph.
B. Conversion of 2016 Preference Shares into ordinary shares
The issuance of 2016 Preference Shares may only be decided in the framework of an allocation of free shares in favour of the employees and/or executive officers of the Company, pursuant to the provisions of Articles L. 225-97-1 of the French Commercial Code.
2016 Preference Shares will be definitively acquired by the beneficiaries after an acquisition period of one year from their allocation by the Executive Board and subject to the beneficiary’s presence in the Company or its consolidated subsidiaries as an employee, executive officer or member of an executive or supervisory body or, if applicable, of the equivalent thereof in foreign law. The “Acquisition Date” is defined as the end of the acquisition period of the Preference Shares.
However, in the event of invalidity of the beneficiary corresponding to classification in the second or third categories set forth by Article L. 341-4 of the French Social Security Code (or the equivalent thereof in an applicable foreign law), the 2016 Preference Shares will be allocated definitively prior to the Acquisition Date.
The 2016 Preference Shares become convertible in ordinary shares, either new or existing at the Company’s option, after the above-mentioned one-year vesting period from their allocation by the Executive Board, followed by a two-year retention period from the definitive allocation (the “Retention Period”), under the conditions set forth in Paragraphs 2 to 10 below. The “Expiry Date of the Retention Period” is defined as the end of the Retention Period.
However, in the event of invalidity of the beneficiary corresponding to classification in the second or third categories set forth by Article L. 341-4 of the French Social Security Code (or the equivalent thereof in an applicable foreign law), the 2016 Preference Shares will be allocated definitively prior to the Acquisition Date.
1.As from the first anniversary date of the Acquisition Date, 2016 Preference Shares will be freely transferable to a credit institution in the framework of a pledge agreement.
Pursuant to the provisions set forth in the Article L. 225-197-1 I., Paragraph 6 of the French Commercial Code, the 2016 Preference Shares will be freely transferable in the event of invalidity of the beneficiary corresponding to classification in the second or third categories set forth by Article L. 341-4 of the French Social Security Code, regardless of whether such invalidity occurs before or after the Acquisition Date.
2.2016 Preference Shares may only be converted for a conversion period of six years and six months from the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (the “Conversion Period”).
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
3.During the Conversion Period, each holder of 2016 Preference Shares will have the right to convert each of his 2016 Preference Shares in ordinary shares, either new or existing (at the Company’s option). The number of ordinary shares to which the conversion of one 2016 Preference Share will entitle will be equal to the sum of (i) a number of ordinary shares determined according to the fulfilment of an internal condition (the “Internal Condition”) and a market condition as defined below ((the “Market Condition”) (together the “Performance Criteria”).
The fulfilment of the Performance Criteria will give the right to convert each 2016 Preference Share in a maximum of 200 ordinary shares, i.e. a maximum of 100 ordinary shares under the Internal Condition and a maximum of 100 ordinary shares under the Market Condition.
It is specified that this conversion ratio thus determined will be adjusted in order to take into account the shares to be issued to preserve the rights of holders of securities or other rights giving access to the share capital and holders of 2016 Preference Shares under legal and statutory requirements and Paragraph II. above.

4.The Internal Condition in order to calculate the number of 2016 Preference Shares that can be converted will be determined as a function of the highest of the following two alternative criteria:
a)The first criterion is a function of the consolidated collected turnover of the Company relating to a present or future partnership or licensing agreement, cumulated over the period from 1 July 2016 to 30 June 2019 (the “Cash Revenues”):
(i)If the Turnover is strictly inferior to 50 million euros, the conversion ratio under the Internal Condition will be equal to 0;

(i)If the Turnover is superior or equal to 50 million euros and inferior to 150 million euros, the conversion ratio under the Price Condition will be equal to :
[(Turnover-50)/100]×100
(ii)If the Cash Revenues are equal or superior to 150 million Euros, the conversion ratio under the Internal Condition will be equal to 100;
b)The second criterion is a function of the maturity of the portfolio of drug candidates developed by the Company during the three years before the Expiry Date of the Retention Period. “Drug candidates developed by the Company” mean Lirilumab, Monalizumab and IPH4102. For each of these products:
(iii)In the event of the authorization by the competent regulatory authority the United States or in Europe for the Company or one of its partners to carry out a Phase III trial or a clinical trial with a view to register a product, the conversion ratio under the Internal Condition will be equal to 50;
(iv)In the event of the authorization by the competent regulatory authority in the United States or in Europe for the Company or one of its partners to carry out two Phases III trials or clinical trials with a view to register two products and/or two different indications for one product, the conversion ratio under the Internal Condition will be equal to 75;
(v)In the event of an acceptance from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in Europe or the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States to examine a filing by the Company or one of its partners of a marketing authorization request, the conversion ratio under the Internal Condition will be equal to 100.
5.The Market Condition in order to calculate the conversion ratio of 2016 Preference Shares into ordinary shares will be determined depending on the stock market price of the Innate Pharma share:
The terms “Initial Price” mean the average closing price of the Innate Pharma share on Euronext Paris for the sixty trading days prior to the Allocation Date by the Executive Board.
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
The terms “Final Price” mean the highest average closing price of the Innate Pharma share on Euronext Paris over a period of sixty consecutive days calculated at any time during the three years prior to the Expiry Date of the Retention Period.
The terms “High Price” means the Initial Price multiplied by two.
a)If the Final Price is strictly inferior to the Initial Price, the conversion ratio under the Market Condition will be equal to 0;
b)If the Final Price is between (i) a value equal or superior to the Initial Price and (ii) a value inferior to the High Price, the conversion ratio under the Market Condition will be equal to:
[(Final Price / Initial Price) –1/ ] x 100
c)If the Final Price is equal or superior to the High Price, the conversion ratio under the Market Condition will be equal to 100.
6.The right to convert 2016 Preference Shares into ordinary shares, as well as the right to vote in the general meetings of ordinary shares holders and the right to the dividend and to a portion of the reserves attached to 2016 Preference Shares that have become convertible pursuant to Paragraph II. above, are subject to the condition of the beneficiary’s presence in the Company or its consolidated subsidiaries as an employee, an executive officer or a member of an executive or supervisory body or, if applicable, of the equivalent thereof in foreign law as at the Expiry Date of the Retention Period. In the event that such condition ceases to be fulfilled, the Company may proceed at any moment to the redemption of 2016 Preference Shares in the conditions set forth in Paragraph 8. below. It is specified that the provisions of this paragraph do not apply if the presence of the beneficiary in the Company or its consolidated subsidiaries ceases due to death, invalidity or retirement.
7.The fulfilment of the Performance Criteria will be recorded in a meeting of the Executive Board as soon as practicable after the Expiry Date of the Retention Period.
8.2016 Preference Shares that cannot be converted into ordinary shares depending on the extent to which the Performance Criteria are fulfilled or if the presence condition as at the Expiry Date of the Retention Period is not fulfilled, and 2016 Preference Shares that can be but will not have been converted at the end of the Conversion Period, may be bought at any time by the Company (which is under no obligation to do so) at their nominal value.
9.At the end of the Conversion Period, the Company will have the possibility to proceed, pursuant to applicable legal and regulatory provisions, to the cancellation of 2016 Preference Shares that will have not been converted, including those that it will have bought. The share capital will then be reduced accordingly, and creditors will have the right to oppose such reduction in the conditions set forth in Article L. 225-205 of the French Commercial Code.
10.New ordinary shares resulting from the conversion of 2016 Preference Shares will be assimilated to existing ordinary shares, will bear rights as from the first day of the financial year preceding the financial year during which they become convertible, and will grant to their holders, starting from their delivery, all the rights attached to ordinary shares. They will be subject to a request for listing on the regulated market of Euronext Paris on the same listing line as ordinary shares.
By way of derogation to the above, the allocation of 2016 Preference Shares can take place after the date of their allocation by the Executive Board and prior to the Acquisition Date, in the event of invalidity of the beneficiary corresponding to classification in the second or third categories set forth by Article L. 341-4 of the French Social Security Code, at the beneficiary’s request.
The Executive Board will record the conversion into ordinary shares of the 2016 Preference Shares for which the conversion fulfils the conditions set forth above, as well as the number of ordinary shares resulting from the conversions of 2016 Preference Shares that have taken place, and will modify the by-laws accordingly, in particular with regards to the breakdown of shares by category. This competence may be delegated to the Chairman of the Executive Board under the conditions set forth by law.
If the conversion of 2016 Preference Shares into ordinary shares results in a capital increase, such increase will be fully paid up at issue through the incorporation of reserves, profits or issue premiums for the corresponding amount.
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
Shareholders will be informed of the conversions having taken place by the reports of the Executive Board and Statutory Auditors pursuant to Article R. 228-18 of the French Commercial Code. These supplementary reports will be made available to the shareholders at the Company’s registered office as from the date on which each meeting is convened.
III. 2017 Preference Shares
A. Rights attached to 2017 Preference Shares
2017 Preference Shares and the rights of holders thereof are governed by the applicable provisions of the French Commercial Code, in particular Articles 228-11 et seq. thereof.
The maximum number of 2017 Preference Shares that may be allocated is 12,500 shares.
From their definitive acquisition until the date at which they become convertible, the 2017 Preference Shares grant the right to vote in the ordinary and extraordinary general meetings of holders of ordinary shares on the basis of one voting right per 2017 Preference Share. As from the date on which they become convertible, the number of voting rights to which each 2017 Preferred Share entitles the holder becomes equal to the number of ordinary shares to which the conversion of each 2017 Preferred Share entitles the holder.
2017 Preference Shares grant the right to vote in the special meetings of holders of 2017 Preference Shares. Holders of 2017 Preference Shares are grouped into a special meeting for any proposed modification of the rights attached to 2017 Preference Shares. In addition, pursuant to the provisions of Article L. 228-17 of the French Commercial Code, any proposed merger or demerger of the Company in which 2017 Preference Shares cannot be exchanged for shares with equivalent particular rights will be subject to the approval of any relevant special meeting.
Special meetings can only make valid decisions if the holders of 2017 Preference Shares that are present or represented hold at least, when convened for the first time, one third, and when convened for the second time, one fifth of the 2017 Preference Shares carrying the right to vote.
From their definitive acquisition until the date at which they become convertible, the 2017 Preference Shares benefit from a dividend and are entitled to the reserves. The amount of the dividend (and, if applicable, of the portion of the reserves) to which each 2017 Preference Shares entitles is equal to the amount due in respect of an ordinary share. To this end, the 2017 Preference Shares will bear rights as from the first day of the financial year preceding the financial year during which they are definitively acquired. As from the date at which they become convertible, the amount of the dividend (and, if applicable, of the portion of the reserves) to which each 2017 Preference Shares entitles is equal to the amount due in respect of an ordinary share, multiplied by the number of ordinary share that can be received from the conversion of each 2017 Preference Shares.
With regards to the ownership of corporate assets, a 2017 Preference Shares gives right to a portion of the liquidation surplus in proportion to the portion of share capital that it represents.
2017 Preference Shares give preferential subscription rights to any capital increase or any operation granting a right on ordinary shares, on the basis of one preferential subscription right per 2017 Preferred Share.
In the event of a capital depreciation or reduction, a change in the distribution of profits, an allocation of free shares, or the incorporation into the capital of reserves, profits or share premiums, distribution of reserves or any issue of capital securities or securities giving the right to the allocation of capital securities with a subscription right reserved for shareholders before the 2017 Preferred Shares are convertible under the conditions provided below, the conversion ratio will be adjusted to take into account this operation pursuant to the provisions of Article L. 228-99, Paragraph 2, 3° and Paragraph 5 of the French Commercial Code.

B. Conversion of 2017 Preference Shares into ordinary shares
The issuance of 2017 Preference Shares may only be decided in the framework of an allocation of free shares in favour of the employees and/or executive officers of the Company, pursuant to the provisions of Articles L. 225-97-1 of the French Commercial Code.
2017 Preference Shares will be definitively acquired by the beneficiaries after an acquisition period of one year from their allocation by the Executive Board and subject to the beneficiary’s presence in the
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Company or its consolidated subsidiaries as an employee, executive officer or member of an executive or supervisory body or, if applicable, of the equivalent thereof in foreign law. The “Acquisition Date” is defined as the end of the acquisition period of the 2017 Preference Shares.
However, in the event of invalidity of the beneficiary corresponding to classification in the second or third categories set forth by Article L. 341-4 of the French Social Security Code (or the equivalent thereof in an applicable foreign law), the 2017 Preference Shares will be allocated definitively prior to the Acquisition Date. In the event of the death of the beneficiary, in accordance with the provisions of Article L. 225-197-3 of the French Commercial Code, the heirs or successors of the beneficiary may, if they so wish, request the definitive allocation of the 2017 Preferred Shares to them within six months of the date of death. In the event of retirement, the beneficiaries will retain their right to the definitive allocation of the 2017 Preferred Shares although they are no longer bound by an employment contract.
1.The 2017 Preference Shares become convertible in ordinary shares, either new or existing at the Company’s option, after the above-mentioned one-year vesting period from their allocation by the Executive Board, followed by a two-year retention period from the definitive allocation (the “Retention Period”), under the conditions set forth in Paragraphs 2 to 13 below. The “Expiry Date of the Retention Period” is defined as the end of the Retention Period.
As an exception to the above, in the event of a public tender or exchange offer, the final results of which are announced no later than the Expiry Date of the Retention Period as defined above, the 2017 Preferred Shares will become convertible no later than (i) the first anniversary of the Definitive Allocation (if such an offer occurs before such anniversary and in such a way that the Retention Period lasts at least one year), or (ii) the date of announcement of the final results of such an offer (if such an offer occurs after the anniversary) (the "Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period").
2.As from the first anniversary date of the Acquisition Date, 2017 Preference Shares will be freely transferable to a credit institution in the framework of a pledge agreement.
Pursuant to the provisions set forth in the Article L. 225-197-1 I., Paragraph 6 of the French Commercial Code, the 2017 Preference Shares will be freely transferable in the event of invalidity of the beneficiary corresponding to classification in the second or third categories set forth by Article L. 341-4 of the French Social Security Code, regardless of whether such invalidity occurs before or after the Acquisition Date.
In the event of the beneficiary's death, whether during the vesting period or the Retention Period, his heirs will no longer be required to comply with this non-transferability commitment, so that the 2017 Preferred Shares for which they have requested the definitive allocation will freely become transferable.
3.2017 Preference Shares may only be converted for a conversion period of six years and six months from the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (the “Conversion Period”), provided however that in the event of a public tender or exchange offer whose final results are announced no later than the Expiry Date of the Retention Period, the Conversion Period shall commence from the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period for such a period that, together with the Retention Period, it represents a total duration of eight years and six months from the Acquisition Date.
4.During the Conversion Period, each holder of 2017 Preference Shares will have the right to convert each of his 2017 Preference Shares in ordinary shares, either new or existing (at the Company’s option). The number of ordinary shares to which the conversion of one 2017 Preference Share will entitle will be equal to a number of ordinary shares determined according to the fulfilment of a market condition as defined below (the “Market Condition”).
5.The Market Condition in order to calculate the conversion ratio of 2017 Preference Shares into ordinary shares will be determined based on the relative performance of the Innate pharma share.
The term “Initial Price” means the average closing price of the Innate Pharma share on Euronext Paris for the sixty trading days prior to the date of the General Meeting.
The term “Final Price” means (i) the highest average closing price of the Innate Pharma share on Euronext Paris over a period of sixty consecutive days, calculated at any time during the twelve months prior to the Expiry Date of the Retention Period, or (ii) in the event of a public tender or exchange offer whose final results are announced no later than the Expiry Date of the Retention
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Period, the price at which this public tender offer is made (or, in the case of a public exchange offer only, the price by transparency by applying the exchange ratio to the closing price of the bidder's share on the day before the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period).
a)If the Final Price is inferior or equal to the Initial Price, the conversion ratio will be equal to 0;
b)If the Final Price is comprised between the Initial Price and € 30, the conversion ratio will be equal to:
100 x [(Final Price – Initial Price) / (30 – Initial Price)], rounded up to the nearest whole number
c)If the Final Price is equal or superior to € 30, the conversion ratio will be equal to 100.
However, if between the date of the General Meeting and the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (or, as the case may be, the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period), one of the Reference Indexes (as defined below) were to experience a Significant Variation (as defined below), then the Executive Board will have the possibility to adjust the Initial Price and/or the Final Price to neutralize the exogenous impact of such a Significant Variation. The Executive Board shall, in this case, appoint a recognized independent expert to assist the Executive Board in the determination of such adjustments.
The term “Reference Indexes” means the following stock market indexes: SBF 120, CAC 40, Next Biotech and NBI (NASDAQ Biotechnology Index). If one of these indexes were to be no longer available, the Executive Board can choose a replacement index.
The term “Significant Variation” means one or the other of the following events for the relevant index:
the average of the closing value for the index over the sixty consecutive trading days prior to the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (or, as the case may be, the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period) is inferior or equal to 90% of the average of the closing value for the index over the sixty consecutive trading days prior to the General Meeting ;
the average of the closing value for the index over a sixty consecutive trading days period at any time between the date of the General Meeting and the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (or, as the case may be, the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period), is inferior or equal to 80% of the average of the closing value for the index over another sixty consecutive trading days period at any time between the date of the General Meeting and the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (or, as the case may be, the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period).
6.The right to convert 2017 Preference Shares into ordinary shares, as well as the right to vote in the general meetings of ordinary shares holders and the right to the dividend and to a portion of the reserves attached to 2017 Preference Shares that have become convertible pursuant to Paragraph III A. above, are subject to the condition of the beneficiary’s presence in the Company or its consolidated subsidiaries as an employee, an executive officer or a member of an executive or supervisory body or, if applicable, of the equivalent thereof in foreign law as at the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (or, as the case may be, the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period). In the event that such condition ceases to be fulfilled, the Company may proceed at any moment to the redemption of 2017 Preference Shares in the conditions set forth in Paragraph 8. below. It is specified that the provisions of this paragraph do not apply if the presence of the beneficiary in the Company or its consolidated subsidiaries ceases due to death, invalidity or retirement.
7.The fulfilment of the Market Condition will be recorded in a meeting of the Executive Board as soon as practicable after the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (or, as the case may be, the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period).
8.2017 Preference Shares that cannot be converted into ordinary shares depending on the extent to which the Market Condition is fulfilled or if the presence condition as at the Expiry Date of the Retention Period (or, as the case may be, the Amended Expiry Date of the Retention Period) is not fulfilled, and 2017 Preference Shares that can be but will not have been converted at the end of the Conversion Period, may be bought at any time by the Company (which is under no obligation to do so) at their nominal value.
9.At the end of the Conversion Period, the Company will have the possibility to proceed, pursuant to applicable legal and regulatory provisions, to the cancellation of 2017 Preference Shares that will have not been converted, including those that it will have bought. The share capital will then
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be reduced accordingly, and creditors will have the right to oppose such reduction in the conditions set forth in Article L. 225-205 of the French Commercial Code.
10.New ordinary shares resulting from the conversion of 2017 Preference Shares will be assimilated to existing ordinary shares, will bear rights as from the first day of the financial year preceding the financial year during which they will be converted, and will grant to their holders, starting from their delivery, all the rights attached to ordinary shares. They will be subject to a request for listing on the regulated market of Euronext Paris on the same listing line as ordinary shares.
By way of derogation to the above, the allocation of 2017 Preference Shares can take place after the date of their allocation by the Executive Board and prior to the Acquisition Date, in the event of invalidity of the beneficiary corresponding to classification in the second or third categories set forth by Article L. 341-4 of the French Social Security Code, at the beneficiary’s request.
11.The Executive Board will record the conversion into ordinary shares of the 2017 Preference Shares for which the conversion fulfils the conditions set forth above, as well as the number of ordinary shares resulting from the conversions of 2017 Preference Shares that have taken place, and will modify the by-laws accordingly, in particular with regards to the breakdown of shares by category. This competence may be delegated to the Chairman of the Executive Board under the conditions set forth by law.
12.If the conversion of 2017 Preference Shares into ordinary shares results in a capital increase, such increase will be fully paid up at issue through the incorporation of reserves, profits or issue premiums for the corresponding amount.
13.Shareholders will be informed of the conversions having taken place by the reports of the Executive Board and Statutory Auditors pursuant to Article R. 228-18 of the French Commercial Code. These supplementary reports will be made available to the shareholders at the Company’s registered office as from the date on which each general meeting is convened.

ARTICLE 13 – Usufruct / Bare Ownership

The shares are not divisible with respect to the Company.

Co-owners of shares must arrange to be represented vis-a-vis the Company by one of them only, who will be considered as the sole holder, or by a sole agent. In the case of disagreement, a sole agent may be appointed by the courts at the request of the most diligent co-owner.

Unless the Company has been notified of an agreement to the contrary, usufruct shareholders validly represent bare owners vis-à-vis the Company. The right to vote is held by the usufruct shareholder in Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders and by the bare owner in Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders.

Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, where shares are encumbered by a usufruct interest, the preferential right to subscription attached thereto is held by the bare owner.



TITLE IV
COMPANY MANAGEMENT AND SUPERVISION


ARTICLE 14 – Management Structure

The Company is managed by an Executive Board which exercises its duties under the supervision of a Supervisory Board.


ARTICLE 15 – Composition of the Executive Board

I.    The Executive Board consists of at least two members and five members at most.
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II.    Members of the Executive Board are appointed by the Supervisory Board.

The members of the Supervisory Board appoint one of the members of the Executive Board as Chairman of the Executive Board for the duration of his term of office as a member of the Executive Board. The Chairman of the Executive may be dismissed by the Supervisory Board.

Members of the Executive Board must be natural persons, failing which the appointment shall be null and void. They may be chosen from non-shareholders. They may be French nationals or of foreign nationality.

Members of the Executive Board may be dismissed by the Supervisory Board of the Meeting of Shareholders. They may resign at any time.

If a member of the Executive Board has entered into an employment contract with the Company, his dismissal, resignation or the expiry of his term of office as a member of the Executive Board will not cause such contract to be terminated.

The Executive Board is appointed for a term of three years. If a post is vacant, the Supervisory Board must make an appointment to fill the post within two months.

However, the terms of office of the members of the Executive Board who were duly appointed for six years by the Supervisory Board of 13 June 2005, pursuant to the provisions of the articles of association which were then applicable, shall continue to the end of their initial term and be renewed at the annual meeting of shareholders called to decide on the accounts of the financial year closing 31 December 2010.

The replacement is appointed for the remaining term until the renewal of the Executive Board. Members of the Executive Board may be reappointed.

The procedure for and amount of the remuneration of each of the members of the Executive Board is set out in the instrument appointing them.

III.    No member of the Executive Board may be a member of the Supervisory Board, the Sole Chief Executive Officer or the Chairman of the Executive Board of more than one other corporation whose registered office is in metropolitan France.

Executive Board membership may only be combined with another corporate office in another company in accordance with the statutory and regulatory restrictions in force.

IV.    The Executive Board meets as often as necessary in the interests of the Company and at least once a quarter, convened by its Chairman or an Executive Board member delegated to such effect, at the place decided by the person convening the meeting.

In order for deliberations to be valid, the three-quarters of the members of the Executive Board must be physically present. However, members of the Executive Board who attend Executive Board meetings by video-conference or any other means of telecommunication in compliance with the statutory and regulatory provisions applicable to corporations with a Board of Directors management structure, are deemed to be present.

Any member of the Executive Board may be represented by another member of the Executive Board at the meetings of the Executive Board or take part in an Executive Board meeting by video-conference or any other means of telecommunication as referred to above. Each member of the Executive Board may receive only one proxy.

Decisions are made by a majority of those present and represented. Each member has one vote. In case of equality of expressed votes either in favour or against a decision (abstention are not took into account), the Chairman of the Executive Board has a casting vote.
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At each meeting, the Executive Board may appoint a secretary who may be chosen from outside the members of the Executive Board.

V.    The deliberations of the Executive Board are recorded in minutes placed or bound in a special registry.

The records are signed by the Chairman and by a member of the Executive Board who is present at the meeting, or by two of the members present.

When the Executive Board has to provide evidence of its deliberations, copies of extracts of the minutes to be submitted in evidence shall be certified by the Chairman or by a member of the Executive Board delegated for this purpose. Following dissolution of the Company, they are certified by one of the liquidators or the sole liquidator.


ARTICLE 16 - Powers of the Executive Board

I.    The Executive Board has the widest of powers to act in all circumstances in the name of the Company. It exercises its powers within the scope of the corporate purposes, subject to the powers which are expressly granted by law to the Supervisory Board and the Meeting of Shareholders, and, as the case may be, within the limit of the restrictions on powers decided by the Supervisory Board.

In its relations with third parties, the Company is bound by the actions of the Executive Board even where these are outside of the scope of the corporate purposes, unless it proves that the third party was aware that the actions exceeded such purposes or if it could not have failed to be aware of this in view of the circumstances; publication of the articles of association not in itself constituting sufficient evidence thereof.

The Chairman of the Executive Board, or, as the case may be, the Chief Executive Officer, , represents the Company in its relations with third parties. The Supervisory Board may grant the same authority to represent the Company to one or more other Executive Board members, who in that case will be referred to as managing directors. The Chairman of the Executive Board and the managing director (s), if any, may designate any agent which they choose to exercise specific powers.

II.    The Executive Board presents a report to the Supervisory Board at least once every quarter.

The Executive Board presents the annual financial statements to the Supervisory Board within three months of the end of each financial year, for the purposes of verification and supervision.

It must also provide the Supervisory Board with the management report which it will present to the Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

III.    The Chairman of the Executive Board represents the Company in its relations with third parties.

IV.    Members of the Executive Board may allocate corporate management tasks among themselves, with the approval of the Supervisory Board. However, such distribution may not, under any circumstances, cause the Executive Board to lose its collegial nature with respect to the management of the Company.


ARTICLE 17 – Composition of the Supervisory Board

I.    The Executive Board is supervised by a Supervisory Board composed of a minimum of three members and a maximum of eighteen members, subject to the exceptions provided by law in such respect in the event of a merger.

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Members of the Supervisory Board are appointed from among natural persons or legal entities that are shareholders by the Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders, which may dismiss them at any time. However, in the case of a merger or demerger, an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders may appoint the members of the Supervisory Board.

No member of the Supervisory Board may be a member of the Executive Board.

The number of the members of the Supervisory Board who have reached seventy (70) years of age may not be greater than one third of the members of the Supervisory Board in office. Where such limitation concerning the age of members of the Supervisory Board is exceeded, the most elderly member of the Supervisory Board is deemed to have automatically resigned.

II.    The duration of the terms of office of the members of the Supervisory Board is two years. It expires at the close of the Meeting of Shareholders called to decide on the financial statements for the preceding year and which is held during the year in which their appointment expires.

Members of the Supervisory Board may be reappointed.

They may be dismissed at any time by an Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders.

III.    Members of the Supervisory Board may be natural persons or legal entities. Legal entities must, at the time of their appointment, designate a permanent representative who will be subject to the same conditions and obligations and who will incur the same liabilities provided by law as if he were a member of the Council in his own name, without prejudice to the joint and several liability of the legal entity he represents.

If a legal entity dismisses its representative, it must appoint a replacement at the same time. This rule also applies in the case of the death, resignation or long-term prevention of the permanent representative from exercising his duties.

A natural person who accepts an appointment and exercises as a member of the Supervisory Board thereby has the obligation to confirm at any time on oath, that he satisfies the limitation required by law with respect to the combining the post of member of the Supervisory Board and member of the Executive Board of corporations.

IV.    Appointments which are made by the Supervisory Board in accordance with the foregoing are subject to ratification by the next following Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders. If such appointments are not ratified, the deliberations made and actions previously carried out by the Supervisory Board nevertheless remain valid.

If the number of the members of the Council becomes less than the statutory minimum, the Executive Board must immediately convene an Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders to appoint members to complete the Council.

A member of the Supervisory Board appointed to replace another member shall only remain in office for the remaining term of office of his predecessor.

V.    Each member of the Supervisory Board must own one share in the Company.

If a member of the Supervisory Board does not own the required number of shares on the date of his appointment or if, during his term of office he ceases to own such number, he shall be deemed to have automatically resigned if he has not rectified this situation within six months.


ARTICLE 18 – Chairman and Vice-Chairman of the Supervisory Board

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The Supervisory Board appoints, from among its natural person members, a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman, who are responsible for convening the Council and chairing the proceedings of the Council.

The Chairman of Supervisory Board also prepares a report presented during the annual Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders in compliance with the conditions provided by Article L. 225-68 paragraph 7 of the Commercial Code, providing details of the conditions in which the work of the Supervisory Board was prepared and organised, and describing the internal supervision procedures implemented by the Company, which is attached to the Executive Board' report.

The Chairman and Vice-Chairman exercise their duties during their term of office as members of the Supervisory Board. They may be re-elected.

The Council may also appoint a secretary who may be selected from outside the members of the Council and determine the duration of his term of office.


ARTICLE 19 – Deliberations of the Supervisory Board

I.    The Supervisory Board meets as often as necessary in the interests of the Company and at least once every quarter to review the Executive Board' report. The meeting is convened by its Chairman or Vice-Chairman either at the registered office or at any place indicated in the notice of meeting. A member of the Executive Board, or at least one third of the members of the Supervisory Board, may submit a reasoned request for a Council meeting to the Chairman of the Supervisory Board by registered mail. The Chairman must convene a Council meeting not later than fifteen days from receipt of such request. If the meeting has not been convened within this time period, the persons who made the request may convene the meeting themselves, indicating the agenda of the meeting.

The Supervisory Board cannot deliberate validly unless at least half its members are present.

Members of the Supervisory Board may participate and vote at Council meetings by video-conference or other means of telecommunication in accordance with the statutory and regulatory provisions applicable thereto. However, voting by video-conference is not allowed for decisions concerning the verification and supervisions of financial statements.

Any member of the Supervisory Board may be represented by another member of the Supervisory Board at Supervisory Board deliberations. Each member of the Supervisory Board may receive only one proxy.

Decisions are made by a majority of those present or represented, and each member has one vote.

In the event of a tie, the Chairman has the tiebreaking vote.

Evidence of the number of members of the Supervisory Board in office and their appointment may be validly provided with respect to third parties on the simple basis of the statement in the minutes of each meeting of the names of the members that are in attendance, represented or absent.

II.    The deliberations of the Supervisory Board are recorded in minutes kept in a special register.

Such minutes are signed by the Chairman of the meeting and by at least one member of the Supervisory Board. If the Chairman of the meeting is unable to do so, the minutes are signed by at least two members of the Supervisory Board.

Copies or extracts of such minutes are validly certified by the Chairman of Vice-Chairman of the Supervisory Board, a member of the Executive Board or an agent duly appointed for the purpose thereof.

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After the Company is wound up, copies or extracts shall be certified by one of the liquidators of by the sole liquidator.


ARTICLE 20 – Powers of the Supervisory Board

I.    The Supervisory Board exercises constant supervision of the management of the Company by the Executive Board.

II.    The Supervisory Board may carry out verifications or supervision which it considers suitable at any time during the year, and may request documents to be provided to it which it considers useful for the carrying out of its duties.

It receives a report from the Executive Board at least once every quarter.

The Executive Board presents the annual financial statements and a written management report to the Supervisory Board within three months of the end of each financial year, for the purposes of verification and supervision.

The Supervisory Board presents the Ordinary Annual Meeting of Shareholders with its comments on the report of the Executive Board and the financial statements for the year.

The Supervisory Board also exercises the attributions expressly granted to it by statute.

The Supervisory Board may appoint one or more of its members as special agents for one or more determined purposes.

The Supervisory Board may create committees in charge of reviewing issues on which it or its Chairman wish an opinion.

ARTICLE 21 – Remuneration of Members of the Supervisory Board

I.    The Meeting of Shareholders may allocate a fixed annual amount in directors' fees to members of the Supervisory Board in remuneration for their duties. The Supervisory Board may distribute such remuneration among its members as it sees fit.

II.    The Supervisory Board may also allocate exceptional remuneration for missions entrusted to its members. In such case, the remuneration is subject to the provisions of Article 22 hereafter.

III.    Members of the Supervisory Board may not receive any other fixed or exceptional remuneration other than those referred to in paragraphs I and II above.


ARTICLE 22 – Regulated Agreements

I.    Any agreement entered into between the Company and any of the members of the Executive Board or Supervisory Board, a shareholder with more than 10% of the voting rights or, in the case of a corporate shareholder, the company controlling it within the meaning of Article L. 233-3 of the Commercial Code with more than 10% of the voting rights, is subject to the prior approval of the Supervisory Board.

The same rule applies to agreements in which one of the persons referred to in the previous paragraph has an indirect interest or for which it has dealt with the Company through an intermediary.

Agreements between the Company and an enterprise are also subject to prior approval if one of the members of the Executive Board or the Supervisory Board of the Company is the owner, a partner with unlimited liability, a manager, director, director general, member of the Executive Board or Supervisory Board of such enterprise, or more generally is in charge of managing such enterprise.
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The prior approval of the Supervisory Board is substantiated by justifying of the interest of entering the agreement for the Company, in particular by specifying the financial conditions that apply thereto.

The preceding provisions do not apply to agreements entered into in the ordinary course of business and under normal conditions, nor to agreements entered into between two companies, one of which holds, directly or indirectly, the entire share capital of the other company, excluding if applicable the minimum number of shares necessary to comply with the requirements of Article 1832 of the French Civil Code or Articles L. 225-1 and L. 226-1 of the French Commercial Code.

The member of the Executive Board or Supervisory Board concerned must inform the Supervisory Board as soon as be becomes aware of an agreement subject to approval. If he is a member of the Supervisory Board, he cannot take part in the vote of approval.

The Chairman of the Supervisory Board must inform the statutory auditor of all authorised agreements to and submit them for approval to the Meeting of Shareholders.

II.    The statutory auditors present a special report on such agreements to the Meeting of Shareholders which will decide on these agreements.

The person concerned cannot take part in the vote and the shares he holds are not included in the calculation of the quorum or the majority.

The agreements entered into and authorized in previous years and which have continued during the last year shall be reviewed annually by our Supervisory Board and must be reported to our statutory auditors for the purpose of establishing their report.


ARTICLE 23 – Panel of Observers

An Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders may appoint one or more observers at its discretion, who may be natural persons or legal entities, and may be shareholders or non-shareholders, for a term of office expiring at the shareholders meeting convened to decide on the financial statements for the preceding financial year after the first anniversary date of their appointment. This appointment may be renewed an unlimited number of times.

Observers that are legal entities are represented by their legal representatives or by any natural person duly authorised for this purpose.

Observers are convened to and take part in all the meetings of the Supervisory Board and have a consultative vote, according to the same methods as those that apply to members of the Supervisory Board. They are entitled to the same information and communication as members of the Supervisory Board and are bound by the same obligations of confidentiality and discretion.


ARTICLE 24 - Obligation of Confidentiality and Liability

I.    Members of the Executive Board and the Supervisory Board, as well as any person convened to attend the meetings of these bodies, are bound by complete discretion with respect to confidential information and provided as such by the Chairman of the Executive Board or as the case may be, the Supervisory Board.

II.    Members of the Executive Board and the Supervisory Board are liable towards the Company or third parties, in accordance with their respective attributions, for breaches of statutory provisions governing limited liability companies, breaches of these articles of association and faults committed in the exercise of their duties, subject to the conditions and the sanctions provided by the legislation in force.

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TITLE V
STATUTORY AUDITORS


ARTICLE 25 - Statutory Auditors

One or more statutory auditors perform an audit of the Company, in the accordance with statutory requirements.

The Statutory Auditors are appointed by the Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders on proposal by the Supervisory Board, for six financial years. They may always be re-appointed. They may be dismissed by the aforesaid Meeting of Shareholders in the event that they commit a fault or are prevented from carrying out their duties.

If the Meeting of Shareholders does not appoint the Statutory Auditor(s) or if one or more appointed Statutory Auditors are prevented or refuse to carry out their duties, they, or their replacement(s), are appointed by an order of the Commercial Court with jurisdiction over the area in which the Company is based on petition of any interested person, with the Executive Board duly convened.

The Statutory Auditor appointed by the Meeting of Shareholders to replace another shall only remain in office for the remaining term of office of his predecessor. If the Meeting of Shareholders appoints several Statutory Auditors, they may act together or separately but they must draft a joint report.

One or more shareholder(s) with a shareholding of at least 5% may apply to the courts to dismiss one or more of the Statutory Auditors appointed by the Meeting of Shareholders and request the appointment of one or more Statutory Auditors who will exercise their duties instead of them. If their request is granted, the Statutory Auditors so appointed shall exercise their duties until the Statutory Auditors appointed by the Meeting of Shareholders take up their posts.

The Statutory Auditors certify that the annual financial statements are in due form and give a true and fair view of the result of the operations of the preceding financial year, and of the financial situation and assets and liabilities of the Company at the end of that financial year.

Their permanent role, without exercising any interference with management, is to verify the company's worth and financial documents and to ensure that its accounting is in compliance with the rules in force. They also verify that the information contained in Executive Board management report and in the documents provided to shareholders on the financial situation and annual accounts is fair and consistent with the annual accounts. The Statutory Auditors ensure that equality among shareholders has been complied with.

The Statutory Auditors may, at any time during the year, carry out any verification or supervision they consider suitable and collect any information from third parties who have carried out assignments on behalf of the Company.

The Statutory Auditors prepare a report for the Meeting of Shareholders on the performance of their assignment. The Statutory Auditors attach a report to the aforesaid report, presenting their comments on the report referred to in Article L. 225-68 paragraph 7 of the Commercial Code with respect to internal supervision procedures relating to the preparation and treatment of accounting and financial information. They also prepare a special report on the agreements referred to in Article 22 of these Articles of Association.

The Statutory Auditors are invited to attend the Executive Board meeting at which the financial statements for the preceding financial year are approved, as well as to all Meeting of Shareholders. They may convene a Meeting of Shareholders under the conditions provided by statute.


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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES





TITLE VI
SHAREHOLDERS’ MEETINGS

A –Provisions Applying
to all Meetings of Shareholders


ARTICLE 26 - Meetings

A duly constituted Meeting of Shareholders represents all the shareholders.

Its deliberations effected in accordance with the law and the articles of association are binding on all the shareholders, even those who were absent, dissenting or without legal standing.

There are three kinds of meeting, depending on the purpose of the proposed resolutions:

-    Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders,
-    Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders,
-    Special Meeting of Shareholders of holders of a specific category of share.


ARTICLE 27 – Convening Meetings

Shareholders’ Meetings are convened by the Executive Board, or failing that, the Supervisory Board. They may also be convened by the Statutory Auditor(s) or by an agent appointed by the court in accordance with the procedures and conditions provided by statute.
During liquidation, Shareholders’ Meetings are convened by the liquidator.
Shareholders’ Meetings are held at the registered office, in any other place of the same department indicated in the convocation notice or in Paris.
Notice of the meeting is published in the Bulletin des Annonces Légales Obligatoires (BALO) (Mandatory Legal Notice Bulletin) at least thirty-five days prior to which a meeting is held. In addition to the information relating to the Company, it also, in particular, sets out the agenda of the Meeting and the draft text of the resolutions which will be proposed. Subject to particular legal requirements, requests for the inclusion of draft resolutions on the agenda must be sent at the latest on the publication date of the notice of the meeting and up to twenty-five days prior to the Shareholders’ Meeting; this deadline is twenty days from the publication date of the notice when the notice is published more than forty-five days prior to the Shareholders’ Meeting.
Subject to particular legal requirements, invitations to meetings are made at least fifteen days prior to the date of the meeting by a notice published in both the legal notice journal of the administrative department in which the registered office is located and in the Bulletin des Annonces Légales Obligatoires (BALO).
However, holders of registered shares having held shares for at least one month as at the date of the last of the published notices must be convened individually by ordinary letter (or by registered letter if they have requested this and advanced the costs) sent to their last known address. Such notice may also be sent by electronic communication instead of such postal dispatch, to any shareholder who has so requested beforehand by registered mail return receipt requested, in accordance with statutory and regulatory requirements, indicating his email address. Such shareholder may send a request to the
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
Company at any time by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt for the aforementioned method of telecommunication to be replaced by postal dispatch in the future.
The invitation should contain the following information:
the identity of the Company;
the date, time and place of the meeting;
the nature of the meeting; and
the agenda of the meeting.
It must also state the conditions in which shareholders may vote by correspondence and the place and conditions pursuant to which they may procure forms for voting by correspondence.
The invitation may be sent, as the case may be, together with proxy form and a correspondence voting form, pursuant to the conditions set out in Article 30. I of these Articles of Association, or with a correspondence voting form only, pursuant to the conditions set out in Article 30. II of these Articles of Association.
If a Shareholders’ Meeting has not been able to deliberate due to the required quorum not being reached, a second Shareholders’ Meeting is convened with at least ten days’ advance notice, in the same manner as the first meeting. The invitation notice or letters for such second Shareholders’ Meeting state the date and agenda of the first meeting.


ARTICLE 28 - Agenda

The agenda of a Meeting of Shareholders is decided by the person convening the meeting.

One or more shareholders representing at least the percentage of share capital determined by statute and acting pursuant to statutory conditions and within statutory time periods, may request items or draft resolutions to be included on the agenda of the Meeting by registered mail with confirmation of receipt.

The Meeting of Shareholders cannot deliberate on an issue which has not been included on the agenda and such agenda cannot be modified on second convocation of a Meeting of Shareholders. The Meeting of Shareholders may, however, in any circumstances, dismiss one or several members of the Supervisory Board and effect their replacement.


ARTICLE 29 – Participation of Shareholders in Meeting of Shareholders

All shareholders are entitled to attend Shareholders’ Meetings and take part in deliberations:
(i)    either personally; or
(ii)    by giving a proxy to another shareholder or to his spouse; or
(iii)    by sending a blank proxy to the Company; or
(iv)    by voting by correspondence; or
(v)    by videoconference or by another means of telecommunication in accordance with the applicable statutory and regulatory provisions.
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
Participation in shareholders’ meetings in any manner is dependent on the registration or inscription of shares under the conditions and within the deadlines set in the current regulations.
The final date for the return of correspondence voting forms is determined by the Executive Board and indicated in the notice of the meeting published in the Bulletin des Annonces Légales et Obligatoires (BALO). This date cannot be prior to three days before the Shareholders’ Meetings.
If a shareholder is present at a Shareholders’ Meeting, any prior vote by correspondence will have no effect for the purposes of the aforesaid Shareholders’ Meeting.
If both a proxy form and a correspondence voting form are returned, the proxy form will be taken into account, subject to the votes expressed in the correspondence voting form.


ARTICLE 30 – Representation of Shareholders

I.    Any shareholder may be represented at Meeting of Shareholders by another shareholder, his spouse, his partner in a civil union or any other natural or legal person of his choice through a proxy form sent to the shareholder by the Company:

-    either at his request, sent to the Company by any means. This request must have been received at the registered office at least five days prior to the Meeting of Shareholders; or

-    at the initiative of the Company.

The following must be attached to any proxy form sent to shareholders by the Company, for each Meeting of Shareholders:

-    the agenda of the Meeting;

-    the draft resolutions presented by the Executive Board and, as the case may be, by shareholders pursuant to statutory conditions;

-    a brief summary of the Company’s situation during the preceding financial year together with a table indicating the results of the Company over the past five financial years, presented in accordance with regulatory provisions;

-    a form requesting the documents to be sent as provided by the regulations in force; and

-    a form for correspondence voting.

A proxy given by a shareholder is only valid for one Meeting of Shareholders or for Meetings of Shareholders convened successively with the same agenda. A proxy may also be given for two Meeting of Shareholders, one Ordinary and the other Extraordinary, which are held on the same day or within fifteen days.

II.    Any shareholder may vote by correspondence through a voting form sent to him by the Company:

-    at his request, sent to the Company by registered mail with confirmation of receipt. This request must have been received at the registered office at least six days prior to the Meeting of Shareholders; or

-    at the initiative of the Company; or

-    in an appendix to the proxy form in the conditions set out in Article 30. I above.

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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
The following must be attached to any correspondence voting form sent to shareholders by the Company:

-    the draft resolutions proposed together with a summary of the reasons and an indication of the author of the resolutions;

-    a form for sending the documents as provided by the regulations in force; and

-    a brief summary of the Company’s situation during the preceding financial year together with a table indicating the results of the Company over the past five financial years, presented in accordance with regulatory provisions, in the case of an Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders deciding on the accounts.

A correspondence voting form sent by a shareholder is only valid for one Meeting of Shareholders or for Meeting of Shareholders convened successively with the same agenda.


ARTICLE 31 – Attendance Register

An attendance register is kept for each Meeting of Shareholders containing the information required by law.

This attendance register, duly signed by the shareholders that are present, the agents and shareholders participating by video-conference or by another means of telecommunication in compliance with statutory and regulatory requirements, and to which are attached the powers of attorney granted to each agent and, as the case may be, the correspondence voting forms, is certified by the secretariat of the Meeting of Shareholders.

Meeting of Shareholders are chaired by the Chairman of the Supervisory Board, the Vice-Chairman or a member of the Supervisory Board delegated for such purpose by the aforesaid Council. Failing that, the Meeting of Shareholders elects its Chairman itself.

The two shareholders present with the greatest number of votes both on in their own right and as agents, and who accept such assignment, shall act as vote tellers.

The secretariat composed as such appoints a Secretary, who may be selected from outside of the shareholders.


ARTICLE 32 – Quorum

In Ordinary and Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders, the quorum is calculated on the basis of all the shares making up the share capital and, in Special Meeting of Shareholders, all the shares of the relevant category, less shares stripped of their voting rights pursuant to statutory provisions.

The voting rights attached to shares are proportional to the portion of share capital which they represent. Each share entitling its holder to an interest in the capital or to beneficial enjoyment carries one vote.

In the case of a vote by correspondence, only completed forms received by the Company at least three days prior the Meeting of Shareholders shall be taken into account for the calculation of the quorum.

Forms which do not indicate which way to vote, or which indicate an abstention, are considered as negative votes.


ARTICLE 33 - Minutes
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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES

The deliberations of the Meeting of Shareholders are recorded in minutes drafted in a special register held at the registered office and signed by the members of the secretariat.

Copies or extracts of such minutes are certified either by the Chairman of Vice-Chairman of the Supervisory Board or by a member of the Executive Board or by the Secretary of the Meeting. If the Company is wound up, they may be validly certified by the liquidator(s).


ARTICLE 34 – Communication of Documents

Any shareholder is entitled to receive, and the Executive Board is bound to send or provide him with the documents he requires to come to an informed decision and have an informed judgement on the management and running of the Company.

The nature of these documents and the conditions in which they are sent or provided to shareholders are determined by regulations in force.

In exercising its right to receive documents, each shareholder or his agent may be assisted by a court-registered expert.

The exercise of the right to receive documents includes the right to make copies, except with respect to inventories.


B – Provisions Specific to
Ordinary Meetings of Shareholders


ARTICLE 35 – Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders

An Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders may make any decision other than one which directly or indirectly modifies the Articles of Association.

Ordinary Meetings of Shareholders are held at least once a year, within six months of the end of each financial year, to decide on the financial statements for such financial year, subject to the extension of such period by an order of the President of the Commercial Court on petition from the Executive Board.

They are called on an extraordinary basis every time it may be in interests of the Company to do so.

When convened for the first time, Ordinary Meetings of Shareholders can only make valid decisions if the shareholders that are present, represented or voting by correspondence hold at least one fifth of the shares carrying the right to vote.

When convened for the second time, there is no quorum requirement if the original agenda has not been modified.

Ordinary Meetings of Shareholders make decisions on the basis of the majority of the votes of the shareholders that are present, represented or voting by correspondence.


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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
C - Provisions Specific to
Extraordinary Meetings of Shareholders


ARTICLE 36 – Extraordinary Meetings of Shareholders

An amendment to any provision of the Articles of Association and, in particular, the transformation of the Company into another form of company may only be decided by an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders. An Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders cannot, however, increase the undertakings of shareholders, subject to operations as a result of regrouping shares in a due and proper manner.

When convened for the first time, Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders can only make valid decisions if the shareholders that are present, represented or voting by correspondence hold at least a quarter of the shares carrying the right to vote, and when convened for the second time, one fifth of the shares carrying the right to vote. If the latter quorum is not obtained, the second Meeting may be adjourned for a maximum of two months from the date at which it was convened.

An Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders makes decisions on the basis of a majority of two-thirds of the votes held by shareholders that are present, represented or voting by correspondence or participating in the Meeting by video-conference or another method of telecommunication in accordance with statutory and regulatory provisions.

By statutory derogation from the preceding provisions, if the share capital is increased by the incorporation of profits, reserves or issue premiums, the Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders may make decisions at the quorum and majority required for Ordinary Meeting of Shareholders.

Moreover, where an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders is convened to deliberate on the approval of a contribution in kind or the grant of a specific benefit, the shares of the contributing party or beneficiary shall not be taken into account in calculating the majority. The contributing party or beneficiary cannot vote either in his own right or as an agent.


D - Provisions Specific to
Special Meetings of Holders of a Category of Shares


ARTICLE 37 – Special Meeting

If there are several categories of shares, the rights attached to shares of any such category cannot be modified in any way without having been duly voted upon by an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders open to all shareholders and also having been voted upon by a Special Meeting open only to holders of the relevant category of shares.

When convened for the first time, Special Meetings of Shareholders can only make valid decisions if the shareholders that are present, represented, voting by correspondence or taking part in the Meeting by video-conference or any other means of telecommunication in accordance with statutory or regulatory provisions, hold at least a third of the shares carrying the right to vote, and when convened for the second time, one fifth of the shares carrying the right to vote and for which a modification of the attached rights is being proposed. Failing that, the second meeting may be adjourned by a maximum of two months from the date at which it was convened.

Special Meetings of Shareholders make decisions at a two-thirds majority of the votes of shareholders that are present or represented.


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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES

TITLE VII
FINANCIAL YEAR – ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
APPROPRIATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF PROFITS


ARTICLE 38 – Financial Year

The financial year begins on 1st January of each year and ends on 31st December.


ARTICLE 39 - Accounts

Accounts of corporate operations are kept in due form in accordance with the law and usual business practice.

At the end of each financial year, the Executive Board shall draw up an inventory of the various assets and liabilities as at such date. It shall also prepare the balance sheet describing the assets and liabilities, the income statement summarising the income and charges for the financial year and the notes to the financial statements which complete and comment on the information provided in the balance sheet and income statement.

The Executive Board shall present such documents to the Supervisory Board within three months of the end of the financial year, for the purposes of verification and supervision.
It shall prepare the management report on the situation of the Company during the preceding financial year.

All such documents shall be made available to the Statutory Auditors pursuant to the conditions specified by law.


ARTICLE 40 – Appropriation of Profits

The income statement which summarises the income and charges for the financial year, after depreciation and provisions have been deducted, indicates the profit or loss of the financial year by setting forth the difference between these two amounts.

Five per cent. of the year's profit less previous losses, as the case may be, is allocated to the statutory reserve. Such allocation shall no longer be necessary once the aforesaid reserve reaches one tenth of the share capital, but will become necessary again if for any reason whatsoever the reserve falls below one tenth.

Distributable earnings consist of the net income of the financial year, less previous losses and amounts added to the reserve in accordance with the law or the Articles of Association, plus retained earnings.

Moreover, the Meeting of Shareholders may decide to distribute amounts deducted from the reserves which are available to it, expressly indicating the reserves from which the withdrawals are to be made. However, dividend is paid out in priority from the distributable income of the financial year.

Except in the case of a reduction in share capital, no distribution may be made to shareholders if shareholders’ equity is, or would become as a result of such distribution, less than the share capital plus the reserves which the law or the Articles of Incorporation do not allow to be distributed.

After the financial statements have been approved and the existence of distributable income has been acknowledged, the Meeting of Shareholders shall determine the part to be allocated to shareholders as dividends, in proportion to the number of shares held by each.

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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
However, after the allocation of the amounts required by law to the reserve, the Meeting of Shareholders may decide to allocate all or part of the distributable income to a retained earnings account or to any general or special reserve account.

Any losses are deducted from profits from previous years until such losses are extinguished or they are carried over.

The Executive Board may decide to distribute interim dividends prior to the approval of the financial statements of the financial year, pursuant to the conditions determined or authorised by law. The amount of such instalments cannot exceed the amount of earnings as defined by law.


ARTICLE 41 - Dividends

I.    The procedure for the payment of dividends is determined by the Meeting of Shareholders or, failing that, by the Executive Board. However, payment must be made within a maximum of nine months after the end of the financial year, unless such period is extended by court decision.

Shareholders may not be required to reimburse any amount of dividends unless the distribution of dividends was in violation of law.

Claims for dividends made more than five years after they have been made available for payment shall time-barred.

II.    The Meeting of Shareholders convened to approve the financial statements for the financial year may grant shareholders the option of dividends or interim dividends being paid in cash or in shares issued by Company, in whole or in part, in accordance with the conditions set out or authorised by law.




TITLE VIII
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY FALLING BELOW ONE-HALF OF THE SHARE CAPITAL


ARTICLE 42 – Early Winding Up

If the Company's shareholders' equity falls below one-half of the share capital as a result of losses recorded in the financial statements, the Executive Board must convene an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders within four months of the approval of the financial statements which recorded such loss to decide whether to wind up the Company.

If it is not decided to wind up the Company, the share capital must be reduced by an amount equal to the recorded losses, within a period determined by law, if shareholders’ equity has not reached at least one-half the amount of the share capital again within such period.

In either case, the decision of the Meeting of Shareholders shall be published according to regulatory conditions.

The reduction of share capital to an amount below the statutory minimum can only be decided subject to the condition precedent of a share capital increase to at least the statutory minimum.

If the provisions of one or more of the foregoing paragraphs are not complied with, any interested party may apply to the courts for the Company to be wound up. This rule also applies if the shareholders are unable to deliberate validly.

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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
However, the court may not wind up the Company if on the day of issue of a judgment on the substance of the matter the situation has been rectified.



TITLE IX
WINDING-UP – LIQUIDATION


ARTICLE 43 – Winding Up

The Company shall be wound up on expiry of the term determined in the Articles of association, unless this is extended, or pursuant to a decision of an Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders.

The Company may also be wound up at the request of any interested party, where the number of shareholders has dropped to under seven for more than one year. In such case, the court may grant the Company a maximum of six months in which to rectify the situation. It cannot wind up the Company if on the day it issued judgment on the substance of the matter, the situation has been rectified.

The Company shall be in liquidation as from the date on which it is wound up, for any reason whatsoever.

Winding up will cause the terms of office of members of the Executive Board to terminate. The Supervisory Board and Statutory Auditors shall continue to operate.

Meeting of Shareholders shall retain the same powers as during the life of the company.

The Meeting of Shareholders which decides to wind up the company shall determine the procedure for liquidation and appoint one or more liquidators and determine their powers. The liquidator(s) shall exercise their duties in accordance with the law in force.

The Company shall continue to have legal personality for the purposes of and until the completion of its liquidation. However, its corporate name should be followed by the words "Company in liquidation" as well as the name(s) of the liquidator(s) on any instruments or documents issued by the Company to third parties.

Shares remain negotiable until the completion of liquidation.

After liabilities have been cleared, the net proceeds of liquidation are applied to the full repayment of paid up non-depreciated shares.

Any surplus shall be distributed among the shareholders in proportion to the number of shares held by each of them.


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TRANSLATION FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES
TITLE X
DISPUTES


ARTCLE 44 - Disputes

Any dispute which may arise during the life or liquidation of the Company, either between shareholders and the Company or between the shareholders themselves, concerning corporate matters, shall be resolved in accordance with the law and submitted to the jurisdiction of the competent courts at the registered office.

To this effect, in the case of a dispute, any shareholder is bound to designate an address for service of process within the area of jurisdiction of the court of the Company's registered office, any writs or notifications shall be validly issued to that address.

If an address for service of process is not designated, writs or notifications shall be validly issued to the Public Prosecutor of the Court of First Instance in the area of the registered office.

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Document





CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

We consent to the incorporation by reference in this Registration Statement on Form F-3, of our report dated April 24, 2020, relating to the consolidated financial statements of Innate Pharma and subsidiaries (the “Company”) (which report expresses an unqualified opinion, appearing in the Annual Report on Form 20-F of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2019, and to the reference to us under the heading "Experts" in the Prospectus, which is part of this Registration Statement).

/s/ Deloitte & Associés
Deloitte & Associés


Paris – La Défense, France
January 13. 2021

Document
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To:     Innate Pharma S.A.
117, avenue de Luminy
13009 Marseille
France

January 13, 2021
Our Ref:
L-303811

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Re. Registration Statement on Form F-3 of Innate Pharma S.A.
1.Introduction and Purpose
1.1    We have acted as French counsel to Innate Pharma S.A., a société anonyme à Directoire et Conseil de Surveillance organised under the laws of France, registered with the Registre du commerce et des sociétés of Marseille under number 424 365 336 (the “Company”), in connection with the preparation and filing by the Company with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) of a registration statement on Form F-3 (the “Registration Statement”) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).
1.2    The Registration Statement, as amended from time to time, provides for the registration by the Company of an indeterminate amount of the Company’s ordinary shares, €0.05 nominal value per share (the “Ordinary Shares”), including Ordinary Shares that may be issued in the form of American Depositary Shares (the “ADSs” and, together with the Ordinary Shares, the “Securities”), with the maximum aggregate public offering price of all such securities to be issued by the Company under the Registration Statement not to exceed $200,000,000, as further described in the Registration Statement. The Securities are being registered for offering and sale from time to time pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act.
1.3     In connection with the preparation and filing of the Registration Statement, we have been asked to provide opinions on certain matters, as set out below. We have taken instruction in this regard solely from the Company.

2.French law
This opinion is limited to French law and is given on the basis that it will be governed by and construed in accordance with French law.
3.Scope of inquiry
For the purpose of this opinion, we have examined the documents listed in the Schedule to this opinion.
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4.Assumptions
For the purpose of this opinion, we have made the following assumptions:
4.1    the extrait K-bis, the certificat en matière de procédures collectives and the copy of the statuts of the Company examined by us are and, at the time of the issue of the Ordinary Shares, will remain, complete and up-to-date;
4.2    the resolutions authorizing the Company to issue the Ordinary Shares, as they have been adopted, or will be adopted, as the case may be, by the extraordinary shareholders’ meeting of the Company, the Supervisory Board (Conseil de surveillance) of the Company and the Executive Board (Directoire) of the Company, will be in full force and effect at all times at which the Ordinary Shares are issued by the Company;
4.3    the definitive terms of the issuance of the Ordinary Shares will have been established in accordance with the resolutions adopted by the extraordinary shareholders’ meeting of the Company, the Supervisory Board (Conseil de surveillance) of the Company and the Executive Board (Directoire) of the Company, the Company’s statuts and applicable law;
4.4    the Company will issue and deliver the Ordinary Shares in the manner contemplated in the Registration Statement and the amount of Ordinary Shares will remain within then applicable limits set forth in the applicable resolutions adopted by the extraordinary shareholders’ meeting of the Company, the Supervisory Board (Conseil de surveillance) of the Company and the Executive Board (Directoire);
4.5    any purchase, underwriting, placement or similar agreement will constitute legally binding, valid and enforceable obligations of each party thereto under all applicable laws; and
4.6    all Ordinary Shares will be issued in compliance with applicable securities and corporate law.
5.Opinion
Based on the documents referred to in the Schedule and the assumptions in paragraph 4 above and subject to the qualifications in paragraph 6 and to any matters not disclosed to us, we are of the opinion that the Ordinary Shares, when (i) the extraordinary shareholders’ meeting of the Company, the Supervisory Board (Conseil de surveillance) of the Company and the Executive Board (Directoire) of the Company, have taken all necessary corporate action to approve the issuance of, and establish the terms of, the offering of the Ordinary Shares and related matters and (ii) issued in the manner and for the consideration stated in the applicable definitive purchase, underwriting, placement or similar agreement approved by the extraordinary shareholders’ meeting of the Company, the Supervisory Board (Conseil de surveillance) of the Company and the Executive Board (Directoire) of the Company, upon full payment of the consideration provided therein and issuance of the depositary certificate (certificat du dépositaire), will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.
6.Qualifications
This opinion is subject to the following qualifications:
6.1    without limiting the generality of the foregoing, we have made no investigation as to the accuracy and exhaustiveness of the facts (including statements of foreign law) contained in any of the documents listed in the Schedule to this opinion;
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6.2    this opinion is subject to any limitation arising from ad hoc mandate (mandat ad hoc), conciliation (conciliation), accelerated safeguard (sauvegarde accélérée), accelerated financial safeguard (sauvegarde financière accélérée), safeguard (sauvegarde), judicial reorganisation (redressement judiciaire), judicial liquidation (liquidation judiciaire) (including a provision that creditors' proofs of debts denominated in foreign currencies would be converted into euros at the rate applicable on the date of the court decision instituting the accelerated safeguard (sauvegarde accélérée), the accelerated financial safeguard (sauvegarde financière accélérée), the safeguard (sauvegarde), the judicial reorganisation (redressement judiciaire) and the judicial liquidation (liquidation judiciaire) proceedings), insolvency, moratorium and other laws of general application affecting the rights of creditors; and
6.3    it should be noted that notice of any change affecting the status of the Company may not be filed immediately with the Registre du commerce et des sociétés and as a consequence may not immediately appear on the extrait K-bis. It should also be noted that the opening of ad hoc mandate (mandat ad hoc) or conciliation (conciliation) proceedings never appears on such document.
7.Reliance
7.1    This opinion is addressed to you solely for your benefit in connection with the Registration Statement. It is not to be transmitted to anyone else nor is it to be relied upon by anyone else or for any other purpose or quoted or referred to in any public document (other than the Registration Statement) or filed with anyone without our prior written express consent.
7.2    We hereby consent to the filing with the Commission of this opinion as Exhibit 5.1 to the Registration Statement, and to the reference to Linklaters LLP under the caption “Legal Matters” in the prospectus constituting a part of such Registration Statement. In giving such consent, we do not thereby admit that we are included in the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder.

Yours faithfully,

/s/ Linklaters LLP
SCHEDULE
1.A copy of the statuts of the Company as at July 13, 2020.
2.The Extrait K-bis relating to the Company, issued by the Registre du commerce et des sociétés of Marseille dated January 6, 2021.
3.The certificat en matière de procédures collectives of the Company issued by the Registre du commerce et des sociétés of Marseille dated January 7, 2021.
4.A copy of the Registration Statement.

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